The Chartreux cat breed, Also known as Cartujo, it comes from France, where it is really appreciated. On its origin there are two theories: while some claim that he was raised by the Carthusian monks in Paris, others believe that the ancestors of the Chartreux cat arrived in France at the hands of the Syrians during the Crusades of the Middle Ages.
In any case, the Carthusian became one of the favorite cats of the French furriers, who greatly appreciated their hair there by the eighteenth century. This is not exactly good for these cats, which were about to become extinct until the breed was reconstituted and improved in the late 20's, recovering its population.
After World War 2, the Chartreux cat breed was again compromised. During the 80s, Chartreux cat breeders set clear standards and regained the breed.
The chartreux It is one of four blue-haired cats, along with British Shorthair, Russian Blue and Korat.
Characteristics of the Chartreux cat breed
The chartreux cat is not especially big, but It can reach 6 kg in weight due to its solid and compact body. Even so, it is an agile cat, fast, elegant and with fine lines. He has a trapezoidal head, with a high flat forehead and prominent cheeks, which seem to give him a curious, very expressive smile. The nose is wide, straight and with a slightly marked stop. The eyes of the chartreux are large and bright yellow mustard.
It has a long tail and well populated with hair, which narrows towards the tip. The hair of the Chartreux cat breed is soft, short, thick and blue, this is the most distinctive feature of this peculiar cat.
Chartreux cat breed temperament
The chartreux has been a companion cat since the 19th century. It is an ideal pet for its calm, friendly and sociable character. In addition, he is really affectionate with his family and an excellent companion of children. He does not like being alone, although with strangers it is something more reserved.
The Carthusian cat is active and curious, so he can spend hours and hours exploring and playing. It still retains a great instinct from its past as a rodent hunter cat. However, inside the house it is sleepy, calm and quiet. They say he inherited the vow of silence from the Carthusian monks!
Care of the Chartreux cat breed
Taking care of a chartreux cat is very easy, in fact, having short and dense hair hardly needs attention, just remove the dead hair with a couple of brushes a week. Otherwise, Needs common care for all cats: quality food, education and socialization and daily play to spend all your energy.
Chartreux cat breed health
The chartreux breed is quite healthy, in fact There are no known congenital diseases related to these cats. In addition, they are resistant and usually have a long life expectancy. With good care and the corresponding vaccines and deworming, you will give your cat chartreux a healthy, long and happy life.
Did you know that the Chartreux cat apparently lived with the Carthusian monks?
Life expectancy: 8 - 13 years
Need for attention / Socialization: moderate
Tendency to lose hair: moderate
Length: means, medium
Little allergenic: do not
Need for general hygiene: moderate
Recognition of feline associations:
The Chartreux is a medium sized cat. He has a lot of muscles and robust bones. Its appearance is rounded and thick. Males are larger than females.
Being a strong cat, all its components must be well developed. It has a wide chest, a muscular neck, strong jaws and a well developed snout. The legs are relatively thin but strong. It maintains its original appearance, that of a cat that kept rodents away from the barn and the house.
The hair is thick and dense but in winter it becomes longer and thicker. The texture of the hair is relatively hard, as it protects you.
The Chartreux is a nice cat as a companion. It is easy and quiet treatment. The Chartreux is an extremely faithful and affectionate cat and will stick to all family members.
Although Chartreux plays, the truth is that it does not need to be paid attention at all times. If you feel like playing, you will bring a toy to someone but also play alone. He is a good companion for people who live alone, since he plays for streaks and is comfortable alone or with his owner.
The Chartreux is a thick and muscular cat, so it is necessary to control its feeding closely. In spite of the robust bones and musculature of this breed, it is necessary that you maintain an adequate weight and always be fit.
He will play when he wants to play and look for a toy or one will be made from anything if he doesn't find any cat toy. Interactive play may be necessary if we want it to be in good shape. You also have to make sure that you exercise properly. Chartreux likes hunting, that's where he can show his true heritage. Daily brushing is important for this cat, especially in seasonal changes, when hair volume increases or decreases. Even this short-haired cat can get knots in the hair if you don't brush it regularly.
The Chartreux has a religious origin. This beautiful blue cat was probably introduced in France from the Middle East in the 16th century. The Carthusian monks raised Chartreux, who were probably working cats, actively near Paris.
In the late 1920s a methodical Chartreux breeding program was launched in France, the fruit of which was a strong and healthy blue shorthair cat with a lovely face and a strong body. The Chartreux was imported to the United Kingdom not only for its upbringing as its own breed, but also to improve the body, type and color of the British shorthair's fur.
During World War II the Chartreux was on the verge of extinction. Thanks to the work of dedicated breeders, it has recovered as a viable and healthy breed, although it is still relatively rare.
This breed of cats is one of the oldest known. It is believed that the birth of this breed would have taken place in present-day Syria or in the mountainous regions between Turkey and Iran. Due to its thick and soft fur, this cat was used for a long time as a fur supplier, which explains its arrival in France from the Middle East. The systematic breeding of the Carthusian cat breed began in 1925 by the Leger sisters in the islands of Brittany. These gray semi-wild domestic cats were the origin of what would later be the Carthusian cat breed. This feline was first introduced in 1931 at an international exhibition of cats with the name "Mignonne de Guerveur".
The semi-wild cats of the islands of Brittany shaped the appearance of the current Carthusians. These cats are strong and muscular, their snout is angular and well developed. Its head is shaped like a trapeze with rounded edges, it is wide at the base and narrows until it reaches the forehead. It has a well marked jaw, which frames the face as if wearing a hood. This characteristic is key to differentiate between females and males. His ears straight up are at the top of the head. Its thorax is robust, it also has toned legs of medium length that rest on large and wide feet. One of the most remarkable features of the cartridges is the intense yellow color of their eyes, which varies from dark yellow to copper. Its gray-blue, short and thick fur is the hallmark of this breed. It also has another layer below this even thicker mantle that gives it a slightly woolly appearance.
Something that is especially interesting is the formation of the gray-blue pigment of its coat: the black pigments called eumelanins present in cartujos cats and Russian blue cats were clarified due to an autosomal recessive gene. This same gene is the reason why the color of other cats' fur changes, as when it changes from a reddish color to a more creamy color, or from a brown to a lilac.
In spite of the similarity of the colors of the mantle, the appearance of the cartujos is completely different from that of other cat breeds of gray-blue fur, such as the Russian blue cat or the British blue. Crossing the cartridges with these two races is not the most desirable.
Carthusians are known for their intelligence and great sociability with humans. In France they used to be described as dog-cats, since these felines love to receive caresses. The cartujos establish ties with their very strong owners. These tend to get used to new environments very quickly. Carthusian cats are considered a little problematic breed, their permanent characteristic smile is proof of this character. This sympathy is also reflected in his tone of voice: unlike other oriental breeds of cats that meow loudly, the meowings of the cartujos are calmer and discreet.
The cartujos are very calm, quite social and not very aggressive. They are suitable as indoor cats, but they also love going out to the garden or going around if they feel safe. Its short and thick fur is not prone to knots and is very easy to clean. This is an advantage for outdoor cats who love to explore among the bushes and weeds.
If you are going to have only one Carthusian cat that is going to stay inside the house all the time, you must make sure that you have at your disposal elements to entertain and be distracted so that you can keep your body and mind exercised. Among the various options are places to climb and rest, or possible hiding places. The scrapers for cats offer all this in a small space, however, you can let your imagination fly. A shelf can become the perfect climbing place for your cat, on the other hand, the hammocks for the radiators and the non-slip cushions for the window sill are perfect places for your rest.
It is believed that the origin of the Carthusian cat took place in present-day Syria. From there it was introduced in France through trade routes.
It is suspected that the monks of the Order of the Great Cartuja, near Grenoble, had already raised Léger Carthusian cats since the Middle Ages. Although the majestic and stately appearance of these cats can lead us to think that they would have a privileged place in the monasteries, the reality was very different. The monks were not devoted to the breeding of cats, but to the production of an herbal liquor called "Elixir de Vegetal de Chartreux". However, it is not ruled out that they were involved in the fur trade of Carthusian cats so well known in France in the 16th century. As indicated above, a few centuries ago, these cats were used for a long period of time to sell their fur and fur.
The origin of what would later be the Carthusian cat breed took place in the islands of Brittany. There, the Léger sisters began breeding these cats with the striking colony of semi-wild gray-blue cats that lived on the island. The name they chose to call the hatchery was "de Guerveur".
During World War II, many kennel of Carthusian cats disappeared, which triggered their crossing with other similar breeds, such as the British Shorthair. The crossing of both, which is no longer recommended today, is the reason why the two types of cats are closely related. In the early seventies the International Feline Association (FIFe) decided to name both types of breeds with the same gray-blue coat color with the name of "cartujo". The crossing of the Carthusians with the Persian cats also altered the purity of the Carthusian cat during those times. Their gray-blue mantle is the only common feature they share.
At the same time, the few pure cartridges left in France, Belgium, the Netherlands and Luxembourg were raised separately and also sent to Germany. Thanks to this, the original characteristics of the breed have been preserved until today. In 1977 the Carthusian was recognized by the FIFe as an independent race with its own particularities. However, the gray-blue specimens of the British shorthair cat breed are still often referred to as Carthusian, so it can be said that there are still confusions between this type of breed. This leads us to the conclusion that anyone interested in a cartujo should rely solely on a professional breeder.
Have you fallen in love with the cartujos for their sympathy, smile, sweet character and velvety fur? Now it's time to go find him! People interested in cartridges, or any other race, should always go to a professional breeder. There are advertisements where breed cats are sold at very low prices, but without their breeding documents. Be careful, since going to them can only bring you disadvantages.
Instead, professional breeders should check that the parents of the cats are carefully matched to minimize the risk of inbreeding or transmission of genetic diseases, and thus ensure that the litter meets breed standards. A responsible professional breeder will not allow her cats to have kittens very often, since they have a rest time between the litters to recover. Breeding a litter of kittens is an exhausting process for both the cat and the breeder, who also costs money and time. The breeder must give the kittens time to learn from the mother and siblings everything necessary before leaving for their new home at 12 weeks. Once 12 weeks have elapsed, the kittens have already been vaccinated, can stop drinking from the mother's milk and have already visited the veterinarian several times. The breeder must provide all the information about the medical records of the kittens, as well as those of both parents. Ideally, the breeder should be a member of one of the main breeding associations or the Association of Breeders and Lovers and the Carthusians of Europe.
Breeding is an expensive activity, which explains why these cats have such a high price. A good breeder makes sure that the kittens are fed with high quality food and that they receive their corresponding veterinary check-ups during the first twelve weeks. To cover all these expenses, the prices for which these mininos are sold can reach 1000 euros each. But only then can you be totally sure that you acquire a healthy and pure cartouche that will make you fall in love with your smile and will accompany you in your day to day.
When you buy a cat from a professional breeder you will have the certainty that it is healthy and less likely to suffer from inherited diseases. In addition, cartridges are not prone to suffer from them, although an exception would be isoeritrolysis neonatal It is quite common for cartridges to have blood group B. If the female of the couple owns the blood group and the male has group A or AB, the risks of kittens developing the Isoeritrolysis Neonatal appear. If the mother has group B and her kitten is from group A, a situation that can occur if the father is from group A or AB, the antibodies found in breast milk are toxic to the kitten. The mother's breast milk that has blood group B contains antibodies that are incompatible with group A, what happens in this case is that the kitten's red blood cells are expelled through her urine causing her anemia. This fact would be very serious in acute cases of Isoeritrolysis neonatal Carthusian kittens have up to 44% predisposition to inherit this disease, one of the highest among cat breeds.
Luckily, it is quite simple to prevent reproduction between two cats with incompatible blood groups. Fortunately, it is very easy to access the various blood test methods in the market. In addition, breeders take this issue very seriously, so they always put their cats to blood tests to prevent the offspring from having Isoeritrolysis neonatal
Apart from the inherited disease mentioned above, the Carthusian is a very easy to care and robust breed. Thanks to its calm character, the Carthusian develops with ease with the rest of the family, including children, other cats or even dogs. Despite its relaxed temperament, an environment with excessive stress is not recommended for these cats. No need to find a partner as long as there is enough human contact to feel safe and loved.
The correct feeding ensures that your cat has a longer and healthier life. To achieve this, it must include a high amount of meat with high quality protein. It is also essential that you undergo periodic check-ups with the veterinarian. Nor should you forget the care of your mouth so that your pussy is protected from decay.
On the other hand, those cartujos that spend time abroad should go regularly to the veterinarian to be more exposed to parasites and thus receive the vaccines they need. For example, it is essential for these cats to be immunized against rabies, feline viral rhinotracheitis and feline panleukopenia. You also have the possibility to vaccinate your kitten against feline leukemia.
These suggestions are not intended for older cats, since they have already had contact with these infections at some time in their lives. On the other hand, it is important to put your cat a microchip, as it will facilitate its search in case it gets lost.
As we have seen in this article it is essential to adapt your home to the needs of your cat so that it lives as comfortable as possible. All cats should be able to play, scratch, hide or rest. This is crucial for those animals that live exclusively inside the home. As an animal that loves to interact with humans, the Carthusian enjoys caresses and play with its owners. Also, with his friendly smile and velvety fur, it will be impossible for you not to run to caress him!
We wish you and your cartujo a wonderful experience!
Carthusian Cat Character
The Chatreux cat is a cat characterized mainly by being calm and independent character like few These cats are so calm, it is even said that they made a vow of silence just like the Carthusian monks who adopted them and to whom they owe their curious Carthusian name. Are sociable but at the same time reserved With people they don't know. They can also set Special and affectionate links with their owners.
Despite being independent cats, it is a breed of cats that love to feel pampered and spoiled by their owners. In fact, from the moment he creates a link with his owner, they will not want to separate from him and will follow him everywhere. Are game fans and in these they emphasize their dominant character in front of other cats or other pets. In addition to his character, they also demonstrate his skills goes hunting.
Something that the Carthusian cat loves is sleeping, that's why they are cats that they are happy living in a quiet home. In fact, after a good few hours of play you will take a rich and well-deserved nap to replenish energy.
Physical characteristics of the Carthusian Cat
The Carthusian Cat has a strong and muscular body structure. In fact, when you reach adulthood you can see that they lose the shape of their shoulders, because due to their thick torso, it looks similar that they did not have a neck, because their wide face joins their torso. It is characterized by having some large round eyes of gold or copper color, which give it that mystical and special air. They are medium sized catsHowever, a male cat can weigh much more than a female. A male weighs 3 and a half to 7 kilos, but a female between 2 and 3 kilograms.
As a curiosity to say that Carthusian cats, like the great majority of cats, are born with clear eyes, establishing the characteristic orange color of this breed at 3 months of age to be attenuated later with age.
The fur is short or medium length, black on the inside and gray on the outside, has a robust and muscular body, as well as short, slender legs. Its head is shaped like a triangular prism but with rounded edges and wide skirts. This particular shape of the Carthusian cat's face makes it look like a kind of smile on his face, that's why it's also called «The cat smile of France», where his big golden eyes stand out. Wide nose and stop with a flat and tall forehead. Features that are carefully reviewed in feline exposures.
It is a cat that reaches its slenderness and development at three or four years. It is often confused with other similar races such as the Russian Blue or the Korat.
The French writer and naturalist Buffon (18th century) was one of the first to identify them - Photo by Leo / Flickr
Health and care of the Cartujo Cat
Regarding the care to say that is a cat prone to being overweight, that is why a balanced and protein-rich diet, as well as exercise it through games. Moderate brushing, more intense in times of molt and a bath every 6 months. This breed tends to generate more earwax than others, so you have to pay special attention to cleaning your ears.
In addition, we recommend provide basic care to your cat as:
- Regular visits to the veterinarian.
- Keep vaccinations up to date.
- Feed with a feed that has all the necessary nutritional values for it.
- Cut your nails regularly.
- Maintain your hygiene by also cleaning eyes, teeth and tail.
Carthusian Cat Price
In Feelcats, always we recommend adoption if you want to have a new member of the cat family in your home, whether or not you are of race. However, if you are interested in having a Cartujo cat and do not get it for adoption, there are hatcheries where you can buy a Chatreux kitten. The price may vary depending on the pedigree you have and depending on the hatchery where you find out. And it can range between 500 and 700 euros.
In short, the Carthusian cat He is a strong cat, who has surpassed himself, kind, calm and a survivor of troubled times, who today is part of many homes claiming their place among us. So purr this article if you learned something new about this beautiful breed or leave us your comments.