How to care for a hedgehog


If you are going to have a hedgehog, The first care you should consider is the cage or urn you will offer. You need it to be wide and comfortable, we want to give you the best possible quality of life! This is what you need to prepare a complete hedgehog cage:

  • If you decide to be one bars cage, choose one that does not have them far apart. Some hedgehog pups fit in 1.5 cm gaps and could get out. Another option is to opt for a glass pet urn instead of a bar cage.
  • For your food, the best are the feeders anchored to the cage, or of a heavy material so that they do not tip over. For water, the ideal is a rodent bottle, as it is the best way to preserve hygiene.
  • For the soil substrate, The best option is the untreated wood chip.
  • Your hedgehog will need to have fun! It is convenient to place items for your entertainment, like a running wheel, a container with sand so it can dig and some toy.
  • Further, you will need a shelter inside the cageIt can be a cardboard or plastic box with a hole to enter and exit.

Keep in mind all these elements when choosing the size of the cage. You must have enough free space to move without stress even when all this is inside.

You just need to find the ideal place for your hedgehog's cage. The best is a place without much light and with a temperature of between 20 and 30º.

Hedgehog feeding

Another hedgehog care that you should not forget is your diet. The best option to make sure you give him all the nutrients he needs is to give him a specially crafted feed for hedgehogs. If for any reason you cannot access a product of this type, this is what you can give:

  • Buy a high-end feed for elderly dogs or cats, have a nutritional composition very similar to that of hedgehog feed.
  • You will have to complement this food with some fruit, eggs and chicken.
  • On the other hand, hedgehogs need to eat live food, so you can give mealworms, crickets and worms.

Do not forget to always give clean and fresh water! Also, renew the food every day. Ideally, feed him at sunset, since these animals are nocturnal: remove remnants of the previous day and put new food.

How to handle and clean a hedgehog

The hedgehog adaptation Contact and relationship with you will be a process, You must be patient as it can last for weeks or even months. As at first you will be afraid, it is advisable to take it only with gloves, as it will try to prick you. Let it smell, run at home (always under surveillance), do everything you want until it suits.

As for hygiene, with keep the cage clean and in good condition. The bathrooms do not need to be too frequent, but you may need to bathe your hedgehog.

The health of a hedgehog

Usually, if you know well how to take care of a hedgehog it will be easy for you to maintain good health and you will hardly need veterinary attention. But there are certain things you should keep in mind:

  • Don't expose your hedgehog to air currents or temperatures too low or high.
  • If you have other pets, don't let them come in contact with the hedgehog, they could transmit parasites or harm him.
  • If your hedgehog has diarrhea, it may be because he is eating too much, do not put so much food on him.
  • Hedgehogs living in conditions Unhygienic can catch mites, fungi and parasites.

You already know how to take care of a hedgehog. Ready to have one?

Why do cats fear cucumbers? consulted with the veterinarian Andrea Pizarro about the care that this pet should have: “You have to be given a diet that contains protein such as insects, chicken or hard-boiled eggs. In addition, you have to give them fruits and vegetables, which can be supplemented with specialized food for this pet and if you do not have it, you can place a minimum amount of cat concentrate. ”

The most relevant at the time of feeding, is not to exceed the amount of food since they tend to gain weight easily.

It is necessary to keep them fresh water so that you can drink and thus avoid some complications for the health of the hedgehog.

As for the rest space, it is essential that a spacious cage be adapted, in which you feel comfortable, since it allows the hedgehogs not to damage things, because they are usually active and curious.

“In the cage you can put pine straw on the floor to rest at ease, but never cedar or sawdust, because it can cause respiratory problems or these materials can get entangled in the legs, which could cause necrosis, it is say, the tissue of that area dies, ”explained the expert.

The space where the hedgehog is should have a temperature between 22 to 27 ° C during the day and at night that does not exceed 32 ° C, to prevent it from being stressed and that it can die from low temperatures.

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The cage should be cleaned once a week and the straw changed too, but what does require daily hygiene is the animal feeder and the container where the water is placed. To bathe the hedgehog, Pizarro added that “it is necessary that it be with warm water and gently and thoroughly brush the pet, without exceeding 20 minutes of bathing. Additionally, the recommendation is that for cleaning, use oatmeal or chlorhexidine-based soaps. ”

At the end of the bath, take a towel and dry it gently, to avoid skin lesions or to become a ball. Keep in mind that the pet should be bathed every two or three months and ideally, from a young age they get used to this so that there is no stressful process that can cause them some health discomfort.

To avoid health problems in the hedgehog it is important to go to the veterinarian and that he attend emergencies such as the appearance of ticks, fungi, diarrhea, vomiting, cold or other discomforts and thereby prevent health effects of the pet and that it can get to die of not attending time.

“In Colombia there are already hedgehog hatcheries to have as a pet, because it does not belong to the Colombian wild flora. A special permit is not required as in other countries, but it is necessary that the person who wants to integrate it into their family, have sufficient knowledge of the animal to be given a good life, ”concluded the expert.

If you are one of the people who does not want a usual pet in your home like a dog or a cat, but who loves exotic animals to be part of your family, then you can think of a hedgehog.

The ground hedgehog has a quite noticeable characterization and is that about 80% of its body is covered by spikes, which can reach up to 2.5 centimeters. In addition, it is one of the best known species for leading a nocturnal life.

This mammal is ten to fifteen centimeters in length and weighs approximately 250 to 400 grams and can live up to five years. It should be noted that areas that are not covered by spikes such as the face, legs and belly have relatively soft fur.

It is important to know that the hedgehog is a territorial animal and therefore remains alone, except in mating season. Also, they are very sensitive to noises and movements too abrupt. When they perceive these shivers they make a ball, making their spikes outward as a protection mechanism against a predator or any threat.

Before having a hedgehog as a domestic pet, it is necessary that as an owner you know what care you should have and the needs that you must supply so that the animal has a healthy life, full of love and attention.