Miniature Pinscher


The miniature pinscher is one of the most dynamic and confident of small dogs. This dog of German origin comes from several dog crossings and although it seems, he is not the Doberman's little brother. The miniature pinscher has a predominant and strong character, and although it is very affectionate and sociable with its own, with other animals it is not so much, especially if it is not well socialized since puppy. In addition, it is a dog that does not stop and needs a lot of physical activity, but still can live perfectly in a small house or flat.

In this breed of Expert Expert we are going to show you everything you need to know about the miniature pinscher, in case you are thinking about adopting one.

  • Europe
  • Germany
  • 15-35
  • 35-45
  • 45-55
  • 55-70
  • 70-80
  • More than 80
  • 1-3
  • 3-10
  • 10-25
  • 25-45
  • 45-100
  • 8-10
  • 10-12
  • 12-14
  • 15-20
  • Low
  • Half
  • high

Origin of the miniature pinscher

It originated in Germany, from crosses between the German pinscher, the Italian greyhound and the dachshund (dachshund).

Many people think that this pinscher is a miniaturized doberman, but this is not true. Although both races share some ancestors, the miniature pinscher is much older than the doberman.

Today, this pinscher is one of the most popular and beloved small dogs, although caring for it may require a greater effort than for other small dog breeds, due to the character and dynamism of this dog.

It is also known as pin min, min pin and dwarf pinscher. The original name in German is zwergpinscher.

Physical characteristics of the miniature pinscher

This dog it is the reduced version, without defects of dwarfism, of the German pinscher. It is small, with a square profile (body length just like the height at the cross) and short hair. Its lines are fine and elegant. The height at the cross for males and females is 25 to 30 centimeters and the weight is 4 to 6 kilograms.

The head is elongated, with naso-frontal depression (stop) soft but clearly defined. The nose is black and the snout ends in the form of a truncated wedge. The eyes are dark and oval. The ears are erect or bent, in the form of "V". In the past it was customary to cut them to ensure that they remain erect, but fortunately that practice is disappearing.

The body is short, small and compact. The chest is moderately wide and the flanks are collected but not in excess. The tail should be in the form of a saber or sickle. The breed standard accepted by the International Cynological Federation indicates that the tail must be natural, that is, not amputated.

The hair is short, bushy, shiny and well attached to the body. It can be unicolor (red deer, red brown to dark brown red) or black and fire.

Miniature pinscher character

The miniature pinschers are full of life, they are dynamic, curious and intrepid. They are dogs of strong temperament and hardened, despite its small size.

The socialization of these dogs is very important and should not be taken lightly. When they are not properly socialized they tend to be reserved with strangers, quarrelsome with other dogs and aggressive with other pets. When they are well socialized since puppies they can willingly tolerate strangers and other dogs, but they are not usually very sociable animals. Yes, they are very affectionate with yours.

These pinscher can be destructive if they get bored or if they are left alone for very long periods. They can also be somewhat noisy, but they are generally not as barking as other small dog breeds.

Fur care is easy and does not take much time. The weekly brushing It is usually enough. You only have to bathe the miniature pinscher when it gets dirty and not very often.

These dogs are very active and need a good daily dose of physical and mental exercise, but due to their small size they can cover their exercise needs inside the house. That does not eliminate the needs of daily walks, since in addition to exercise, they have to socialize.

Miniature pinschers adapt perfectly to living in flats or small houses. Although they enjoy a garden to play, they are not dogs suitable for outdoor living.

Miniature Pinscher Education

The canine training gives very good results with this breed if it is done in positive. Traditional training is not good because of the independent temperament of these dogs and because some of the traditional techniques are very violent to apply to such small dogs. Clicker training gives excellent results.

Miniature Pinscher Health

The miniature pinscher tends to be a healthy dog and the breed is not particularly prone to canine diseases. Occasionally there is progressive retinal atrophy or patellar dislocation, but not with very high incidences. Obesity can be a problem, because these dogs tend to be very greedy.

Personal> If what you want is a docile puppy, this is not the most appropriate breed! It may be classified as a companion dog, but the Mini Pinscher has many of the qualities of a terrier. Not surprisingly, "Pinscher" means "terrier" in German. It is a bold and brave dog, active and inquisitive. Always alert, it will bark whenever something unusual catches your attention, so it is usually a good watchdog for the house.

Like many small breeds, it may suffer temporary displacement of the patella (patellar dislocation).

The Miniature Pinscher only needs a half hour of daily exercise, although it is capable of more if it is offered. In cold climates you may need to wear a coat to protect yourself.

Companion dogs have a fast metabolism, which means they burn energy at a very high rate. This means that, with such a small stomach, they should eat little but often. Foods for small breeds are specifically devised with adequate proportions of key nutrients and smaller feed grains that fit smaller mouths. This also stimulates chewing and improves digestion.

Its short and soft hair is quite hard in terms of its texture and has very little maintenance, just brush it once every two weeks. When you change your hair, you should brush more regularly to remove dead hair.

Is this the dog breed that best suits you?

All dogs have their own unique personality, but some instincts and behaviors are innate. Try our breed selector and discover which dog breeds best suit your preferences and your lifestyle. If you and your dog enjoy similar things, you will surely live a happy and satisfying life together.

Dog adoption

It is very gratifying to adopt a dog from an animal shelter or an organization. It often means giving them a second chance in life. There are many dogs waiting for a family that loves them, a home forever. Good centers strive to match the most similar people with each dog. The staff learns everything they can about the dogs they welcome and will spend some time getting to know you, your family and your lifestyle, before pairing with any of their dogs. In the center they will also be happy to advise you and answer any questions you may have before and after the adoption. Click here for more information

Find a good breeder of dog breeds

If you want a puppy with a pedigree, then it is best to look for a reputable breeder. Talk to the secretary of a club that may have a list of available litters or can contact you with breeders in your area. Visit canine competitions to meet the breeders in person and ask about the availability of puppies of the breed you want.

Characteristics of the Miniature Pinscher

  • Height at the cross: from 25 to 30 cm
  • Weight: From 4 to 6 kilos
  • Cap: fawn, black and fire
  • Average life: from ten to fifteen years
  • Character: full of vivacity, bold and obedient
  • Relationship with children: very good
  • Relationship with other dogs: No problem
  • Aptitudes: service dog
  • Space needs: well adapted to city life
  • Miniature Pinscher Power: about 70 g. Dried whole food diaries, or its dry equivalent
  • Arrangement: none
  • Maintenance cost: minimum

The Miniature Pinscher It is not a simple breed. For example, there are two basic questions that one should ask about any dog: does it bark too much and is aggressive with people or with other dogs?

In relation to many dog ​​breeds, these questions would be answered with a simple yes or no, but not when it comes to Miniature Pinscher. The answer to both questions is yes and no, therefore, it is necessary to give an explanation. The character of Miniature Pinscher It has many facets and the best way to know the dog integrally is to define each particular aspect. But first let's get to know him a little better before trying to answer these questions.


The Miniature Pinscher He is an intelligent and fast dog when it comes to learning anything his master wants to teach him. The great gift he has is his desire to please his owner and family. This dog considers that his home and all the people inside him belong to him. Although he may be stubborn at times, in reality, he loves the candilejas and will make antics indefinitely before any audience that shows his enthusiasm. In addition, the "Min Pin" has a charming sense of humor.

The Min Pins perform well in obedience and Agility sports and also in learning games. In addition, they are very elegant exhibition dogs.

The Pin Min It is a versatile dog, which quickly and easily adjusts to different environments and situations. You can settle for small spaces, such as flats or small houses, and live equally happily in homes and large farms. It is also possible to train him to do his needs on newspaper, inside the house, which makes him the ideal pet for those who cannot accompany their dogs outside the home to exercise.

The Pin Min It is a curious dog that, if not monitored, can be involved in all kinds of problems. If, by any chance, he finds a way to escape from the fenced garden, he will play with his owner for hours to "catch me if you can." The natural inclination of the owner to hunt him does nothing but excite his game desires. This situation can be disastrous for the dog and for that reason it is not only necessary to have a fenced garden, but also to control it. When you are with him in un fenced areas, the dog should always be on a leash. A fenced and safe garden, which has been carefully checked to eliminate all dangerous objects such as nails, broken glass, small tools, toxic plants, etc., is the ideal place to offer Pin Min All the exercise you need. However, one should be aware of maintaining the security of the area by ensuring that there are no holes, broken boards and small openings where the dog can escape. You can bet that, if the fence has a fissure, the dog will find it.

Biting electrical cords and tearing plastic bottles containing poisonous substances can be fatal, so care must be taken to monitor the dog at all times. In the event that an owner cannot keep an eye on his Pin Min, it is better to keep it safe inside your cage.

Like the Miniature Pinscher They are very energetic dogs, they need mental and physical exercise to stay in optimal conditions. Train a Pin Min It is a must. Many people believe that small dogs do not need to be taught, but this is a serious mistake. Small dogs are funny, but they make mischief, just like big dogs. However, adorable dogs are generally more easily forgiven. This way of thinking leads to problems. If a Miniature Pinscher Do something you should not, the owner will have to teach you not to repeat such behavior. If the dog gets his way without warning, you can be sure that he will repeat the act over and over again.

Using physical force to force the dog to give up doing something will be very destructive to the owner-dog relationship. Instead of correcting misconduct with punishments, it is much more effective to reward acceptable behavior from the beginning. A beginner obedience course will teach the master how to train his dog, and the dominant Pin Min It will teach you how to pay attention and obey its owner. In this way, dog and owner will build together a bond that will last a lifetime and that will make their life in common a harmonious and enjoyable experience. Then, instead of living with a funny dog, the owner will be living with a funny dog ​​and, well, well educated! This is an enviable and hard to beat combination.

Answering the questions

  • Do the Pin Min bark a lot?

Now, let's go back to the two questions we were asking at the beginning of this chapter. The first was: does he bark a lot Miniature Pinscher?

The Miniature Pinscher It is bold and, despite its small size, it is an excellent dog that warns as well as a guardian of the home and family. However, his incessant and sharp barking can be annoying, unless he is trained to stop barking at a particular order. When the dog barks unnecessarily or for a long time, the owner must tell him, in a severe tone: «No! Enough! »If the dog stops barking, even for a brief moment, the owner will then say, in a gentle and gentle tone:« Very good, Very good ».

If the verbal correction is not effective, the owner may rehearse the use of a spray filled with water. When the dog barks, the owner will go to him saying, "No! Enough! ”, And he will spray his face several times with the spray. Dogs don't like to have water thrown in their faces, so they will gasp a little and shake their heads. But the most important thing is that, when you shake your head, you will stop barking. At that time, the owner should begin to praise him with a soft tone of voice to show his approval for the obedience he has shown. Usually, a few trials with the spray and water sprayed on the face are enough every time you refuse to calm down, to correct the problem. From then on, the owner will only need to show the dog the spray to remind him to stop barking when he orders it. Over time, the simple order of: «No! Enough! ”Will be enough.

If they are not educated, they can be noisy dogs and troublemakers who bark at the slightest alteration of the daily routine. When they are properly trained, they are calm and well behaved dogs that bark only to raise the alarm and stop doing so when ordered. So the answer to this question is, indeed, yes and no. Do you remember Bromley and Midas? This is a problem that is solved with a simple training, which depends on the owner. At the time of acquiring the dog is when the rules of the lifestyle that he will lead must be established. The Pin Min they are intelligent and, properly taught, will accept their leaders and obey the rules, because they like to please.

  • Are Pin Min aggressive?

Let's go to the second question: are the aggressive Miniature Pinscher with people or with other dogs? Again, the answer may be yes and no, because the dog's behavior depends on its owner. For example, if an owner allows his Pin Min barking and running to bite the ankles of the visitors, the dog will think that this behavior is acceptable and will continue to act in this way every time a visit arrives. Before a long time passes, the dog will be classified as an aggressive and uncontrollable animal.

As soon as he acquires the dog, the owner must present it to his friends and visitors using a cheerful tone of voice and gently stroking it. When the doorbell rings, the owner can begin the process of accustoming the dog to greet visitors by showing his own pleasure at the prospect of receiving guests. The cheerful tone of his master's voice, together with the enjoyment of one of his favorite treats, will teach him that the guests represent pleasant things, in addition to a positive attention towards him. By making the association between pleasant events and the arrival of visitors, the dog learns, from the beginning, that people should not be threatened or feared.

Meeting people outside the home or in a shopping area should produce the same kind of pleasure in the dog. The owner will carry in his pocket a few cookies to deliver to all those who wish to interact with the dog and pet it.

In short, the Pin Min barkers can be annoying if they are not taught good behavior. In addition, they can be aggressive and unpleasant if they are allowed to threaten people or other dogs. When they are young, it is easy to teach them good manners and to be friendly and calm. Instead, it is difficult to change the bad habits of the adult dog. With proper training, dogs can learn to control themselves, but the owner needs to exercise patience, assiduity, perseverance and a method of human and effective training. Therefore, it is strongly recommended to seek professional help to correct the undesirable habits of an adult dog.

Aspects to consider

When you have a Miniature Pinscher, it becomes a permanent necessity to keep the environment where the dog lives free of risks, through constant supervision, or safe shelter (cage) at times when the owner cannot be with him. Despite their age, dogs of this breed are always curious, fast and daring, so it is essential to keep the home and garden free of risks and dangers.

Leaving the door of the house open is inviting Pin Min to run outside and beyond. The Pin Min It is so fast that very rarely its owner will realize that it has passed him to go abroad. Therefore, care must be taken to enclose the dog whenever the door is open.

The Pin Min They believe that they are the kings of everything that surrounds them. It is common for them to fight through the fences with the neighbors' dogs so, when they are in the garden, they must be watched. They seem to be unaware of their tiny size and are therefore able to threaten large dogs that dare to approach the property, or cross their path when they walk. The importance of training the dog to have self-control and good manners is also evident here, in order to keep the dog safe. Pin Min of a fight with larger dogs.

Because of his intelligence, at Pin Min A variety of behaviors that harmonize with the lifestyle of its owner can be taught. For example, the Pin Min They love running with family members who practice jogging. If the person takes a reasonable step, the Pin Min You will greatly appreciate the opportunity to run and interact with your human partner.

You can also be taught to accept children in your life, provided children are taught to respect animals. This means showing kids how to treat and touch a dog. To the Pin Min (and no dog) do not like to be pulled or pushed. Instead, they respond very well to gentle caress and soft voices. The Miniature Pinscher who have grown up with children, will freely devote themselves to them, but those who have not had previous experience with small people are generally unwilling to be intimate with children and may show disgust at their presence. Therefore, you have to be very careful and watch the dogs wherever children are present.

Similarly, the Pin Min They can live in peace with other pets if they have grown up with them. However, you have to watch them when they live in the company of larger dogs, because their tiny size puts them at risk when they play roughly with them.

Even though he Pin Min It is a race of great energy, there is nothing you like more than climbing on a sofa or a bed next to its owner and hugging him. Another thing he does very willingly is to prepare for a trip, because he loves to ride a car. You should be taught to do it inside your cage, as it is the safest way to travel that dogs have. You can get used to it by making short trips, and eventually you will accept the cage as your own space inside the car.

Ideally, the owner of a Miniature Pinscher He should be a person who had time and energy to devote himself to training his dog. To become a responsible owner of Pin MinIt is necessary to combine the desire to have a loyal and attentive partner with the interest of channeling the abundant energy of the dog and also possessing the necessary ability to understand and accept the challenging characteristics of the breed.

Health Considerations in the Miniature Pinscher

Generally speaking, it can be said that Pin Min They are healthy and long-lived dogs that often reach 12 to 14 years of age. Unlike other dog breeds, they are very healthy dogs. However, they can suffer certain diseases.

  • Legg Perthes syndrome or Hip Dysplasia

It is a problem of the hip joint caused by the lack of blood supply to the head of the femur. It usually occurs before the year of age and on one leg. Two easily recognizable symptoms are lameness and obvious pain when the leg is extended. Treatment involves surgically removing the head of the femur. Alternatively, cortisone treatments and reducing physical exercise can sometimes be effective.

  • Patent dislocation

It consists of a dislocation of the patella (patella) as a result of an accident or a congenital malformation. It can occur on one or both legs. In most cases there is lameness and severe pain. Treatment ranges from physical rest to surgical reconstruction of the affected joint.

  • Skin problems: Scabies and color mutations

These problems are often related. Demodectic mange can be local or generalized. It requires the application of an ointment on the small affected areas of the skin or, if the entire body is affected, immersion baths. Demodectic mange occurs when large amounts of microscopic parasite mites invade the hair follicles and skin of normal dogs. In some cases, dogs acquire their mother's mites shortly after birth. In older dogs, demodectic mange may indicate cancer or other serious internal illness.

Color mutations in Pin Min They are caused by abnormal hair follicles that dilute some coat colors such as blue-gray and fawn. Both skin and hair are affected and cause mutant color alopecia, a genetic disease that causes hair loss, which can lead to secondary dermal infections. There is no cure for alopecia.

These hair and skin problems often remain throughout the dog's life. Abnormal hair follicles with mutant coat colors can cause abnormal secretions of natural oils, and this, in turn, predisposes the dog to secondary dermal infections that can last - and last - a lifetime.

Epilepsy is a common problem in dogs. It is the result of a malfunction in the electrical impulses transmitted by the brain to nerve cells. An excessive discharge of these impulses can cause sudden attacks or convulsions. There is no cure for epilepsy, but it can be controlled with daily medication. Dogs with controlled epilepsy live full and productive lives. Many have obtained beauty and obedience titles, as well as awards in tracking tests, Agility and other areas of canine sport. In general, it can be said that once the appropriate medication is found for each particular dog, the animal's personality and temperament will not change.

  • Progressive retinal atrophy

This eye problem has been seen in the Miniature Pinscher. APR is hereditary, produces blindness and has no cure. The retina (the photosensitive membrane located at the bottom of the eye) degenerates and causes blindness. However, an ophthalmologist veterinarian can analyze the puppies - to decide whether or not there is a potential APR - and give the breeder a health certificate so that he can deliver it to the new owners. The potential owner should always ask the breeder if he has verified that his pups are free of eye abnormalities.

  • Other aspects of health

Occasionally they have reported, in the Miniature Pinscher, deafness and kidney stones. However, these cases have occurred in so few individuals that are not considered race-specific problems.

If you want to know more about the Miniature Pinscher We recommend the publication of the publisher Hispano Europea Pinscher Miniature Excellence Series:

More information about the Miniature Pinscher