The self medication isa dangerous habit that puts human health at risk and that unfortunately some owners have also transferred their pets, making this practice even more dangerous for those animals that live with us, especially if it is done with human medicines.
We know that cats, despite their free and independent nature, are also susceptible to numerous pathologies that the owner can clearly perceive for various symptoms and also behavioral changes.
It is at this time when we can mistakenly go to medicate our cat, to avoid any accident, in this Animal Expert article, we answer a daily question: Can I give paracetamol to my cat?
What is paracetamol?
Humans are so used to the practice of self-medication that on numerous occasions we do not know the nature of habitual drugs, as well as its indications or its mechanism of action, which is dangerous for us and even more for our pets. Therefore, before assessing the effects of paracetamol on felines, we will briefly explain what type of drug this is.
Paracetamol belongs to the pharmacological group of NSAIDs (Non-Steroidal Anti-inflammatories), acts mainly as anti-inflammatory decreasing the synthesis of substances involved in the inflammation chain (prostaglandins) although it is also an excellent antipyretic (decreases body temperature in case of fever).
In humans, paracetamol is toxic in doses that exceed the maximum recommended and It is especially harmful to the liver, the main organ in charge of neutralizing the toxins that come from the drug so that later we can expel them. High and repeated consumption of paracetamol in humans can cause irreversible damage to the liver.
What if my cat has taken paracetamol in an acc>
If your cat has accidentally swallowed paracetamol, you will observe the following symptom:
- Respiratory distress
- Purple / bluish color of the mucous membranes
- Excessive salivation
In this case you must go urgently to the vet, who will administer a treatment aimed at reducing the absorption of paracetamol, facilitating its elimination and restoring vital signs.
In our article on cat poisoning and first aid we have already talked about this aspect and the importance of avoiding offering human medicines to our pets.
Help us put an end to self medication in pets
Self-medicating our pets, even with veterinary drugs, entails multiple risks, which are even greater when this self-medication is carried out with drugs intended for human consumption.
To avoid accidents that could cost your pet's life, become aware, go to the vet Whenever necessary and do not administer any drug that has not been prescribed by the appropriate professional.
Discover in ExpertAnimal the different health problems of cats to inform you about a problem you observe. Of course, remember that the veterinarian is the only one who should give you a diagnosis and therefore a recommended treatment.
This article is purely informative, at ExpertAnimal.com we have no power to prescribe veterinary treatments or make any kind of diagnosis. We invite you to take your pet to the veterinarian in case he presents any type of condition or discomfort.
If you want to read more articles similar to Can I give paracetamol to my cat?, we recommend that you enter our Prevention section.
Paracetamol is a medication used very often in people such as anti-inflammatory and mild analgesia, that is, it is used to relieve pain. But it is very toxic in cats.
We can find it under different names, Gelocatyl® being the best known and it exists both in pills and sachets and in children's syrups.
As you will see later, paracetamol is very toxic in cats, causing death at very low doses.
Because of this we recommend keeping all medications out of the reach of our felines, as we do with children, as well as NEVER Use a medication from people in cats if it is not low prescription from our trusted veterinarian.
And how do cats get intoxicated?
The most frequent is because the owner gives it to him when he sees him down, in pain (falls, stomps, ...) or thinks he has a fever.
Rarely can a cat eat a pill of its own accord that has fallen to the ground or has been left unattended by the owner.
Why is it toxic in cats?
For paracetamol to work, it must be metabolized by the liver, but in cats this step generates a toxic substance that causes major complications.
On the one hand it causes serious liver damage and on the other it affects the red blood cells hindering their ability to carry oxygen, producing something similar to a choking of the cells.
What symptoms does it produce?
The most striking thing is that the color of the mucous membranes (gums, conjunctiva ...) becomes bluish in color, precisely indicating how little oxygen is the blood.
Thus the affected cats are dejected and have difficulty breathing. Sometimes their legs and face may swell and if they do not receive vomiting treatment, the urine appears brown and eventually dies.
Can they be treated?
Yes, but it should be treated immediately in a veterinary center, since if the damage caused by paracetamol is large, it will be very difficult to save your kitten.
In the event that the ingestion is recent to stop the absorption of the toxic, we can make you vomit and give activated carbon.
Apart from this, the symptoms presented by the cat must be treated by administering oxygen and acetylcysteine that acts as an antidote. In some cases, a blood transfusion may be necessary.
What prognosis do you have?
That our cat or cat is saved depends above all on how quickly we have gone to the veterinarian, being necessary, as we have seen before, an intensive treatment to control all complications that may occur.
And when my cat is bad or has pain, what do I do?
There are safe medications to treat fever or cat pain, but even so, they should not be used without veterinary control.
List of medications containing paracetamol (as of September 29, 2016):
- COMPOUND ACTRON
- ALLERGIC EXPECTORANT
- ALG />
- FLUIMUCIL COMPLEX
- BRAKE: all
- FRICOLD FORTE
- ANTITUSIVE FRIOLGRIP
- FRIOLGRIP DESCONGESTIVO
- GRIPPOSTAD WITH PARACETAMOL / CAFFEINE
- ILVICO FORTE
- KERNGRIP FORTE
- ANTIGRIPAL NOVAG
- EFFECTIVE PANADOL
- PARACETAMOL: all generics
- PARACETAMOL / CODEINA
- PARACETAMOL / PSEUDOEFEDRINA SULFATO / DEXTROMETORFANO HYDROBROMIDE PARFLUDETEN PAZITAL
- PHARMAGRIP DUO
- PHARMAGRIP DUO FORTE
- PHARMAGRIP FORTE
- PROPALGINA PLUS
- RINOMICINE ACTIVATED
- COMPOUND ROBAXISAL
- SALDEVA FORTE
- CODEINA TALGO
- CODEINA TERMALDINA
- TERMALGIN FLU
- COOLED TERMALGIN
- TRAMADOL / PARACETAMOL
Symptoms of intoxication in cats and treatment
If your cat has taken paracetamol, you will observe these symptoms: weakness, vomiting, diarrhea, depression, purple or bluish discoloration of the mucous membranes, excessive drooling, breathing problems and / or seizures.
So, if you know what he has taken, or you suspect he has taken it, you should take it to the vet as soon as possible. Once there, you will have a stomach wash in order to eliminate any remaining medication.
Never give a cat a medication without first consulting with a veterinarian. Only he can tell us which one we can give him and in what dose.