Many people have doubts before adopting a dog, especially when there are such many breeds and cross dogs in the world. Guiding us a little about the character and needs of certain dogs will be essential to know if it is the right dog for our lifestyle.
In this case we will talk about the differences between the alaskan malamute and the siberian husky, two large and beautiful dogs, both belonging to the FCI group V (Nordic sled dogs). Its level of energy and activity is high so you must be prepared for long and fun walks.
At first glance one might think that it is the same breed of dog. However, in ExpertAnimal we will help you by analyzing in detail what are the features that differentiate them.
The Alaskan malamute has its origins in the Western alaska. He was raised by the Inuit tribe in the late nineteenth century and was considered an essential and valuable member of the tribe because it enabled the existence of the Inuit in these remote and cold areas.
Its obedient, extremely resistant nature and its qualities as a sled dog helped the people move and transport food from certain areas to the camp. It was also excellent for big game.
Later, during the time of the gold rush in Alaska, many people first discovered the amazing alaskan malamute and its many qualities. That was when it began to expand throughout the United States.
It is not known exactly when the development of this breed began but what is certain is that it dates back centuries. Already in prehistory they existed the Chuckchi, one of many other tribes that coexisted in the cold and unpopulated areas of Siberia. Each of them was proud to breed and develop a dog breed. In this case, the Chuckchi tribe, was the one that gave way to the Siberian husky.
For centuries, the Siberian husky was used to hunt food and transport it to the camp. Also for trade with other towns. But unlike what we can think, the husky was not used to carry heavy loads, they sought in him the ability to withstand long walks.
Although with a mentality of the time, the Chuckchi they looked after and respected the husky Siberian. They lived with him and fed him carefully. The great confidence they had with this noble animal also led them to sleep with him, especially children and women, who enjoyed the heat that his body emitted and helped them withstand the freezing temperatures.
The papillon dog stands out for a fine and elegant aesthetic, with a soft and nice head in which large and hairy ears take on prominence, which can be confused with the wings of a butterfly due to its shape. In addition to the ears, it shows a large tail, very hairy, which is also one of the characteristics that stands out in these animals.
It should be noted that it has short and thin legs that help in that elegant posture that they always maintain, in addition to an elongated body with good aesthetic appearance. Another of its advantages, especially for living in small spaces, is that it does not give off odors and is quite clean, a quality highly appreciated by most people.
The papillon dog breed is small, which in no case exceeds 5 kilos. The maximum height at the cross is 28 centimeters, standing at the average of continental dwarf company spaniels, a group in which it is classified according to the FCI.
Its small size makes it highly valued as a companion dog within the city, since it adapts perfectly to life in small flats. In addition, it has the advantage of not needing as much exercise as other larger races, which also helps people who do not have too much time to take long walks on the street.
Although a large number of variants are allowed in their fur, the most common colors in this breed are white and spots in brown or black tones. Lemon, red or saber colored spots may also appear. Or even give the combination of up to three different colors.
The mantle is soft and quite long compared to other races, although it does not require much care to always show itself in the best aesthetic and health conditions. You can only present knots if you do not brush with the necessary frequency, something easily avoidable while maintaining good hygiene habits.
To start we can observe a difference in weight and size Between both copies. The husky is notoriously thinner and lighter, somewhat smaller, while the alaksa malamute is somewhat more robust and larger:
- Siberian Husky:
- 50 - 60 centimeters to the cross
- 15 - 30 kilograms
- Alaskan Malamute:
- 58 - 63 centimeters to the cross
- 34 - 38 kilograms
We can clearly observe a light and fast movement in the Siberian husky while the alaskan malamute has a more powerful and solid ride.
Differences in cranial structure
Both specimens may have a white face, with a dark vertical line or with a mask. However, at the structural level, we can observe theface finer in the husky and thicker in the alaskan.
On the other hand, ears They also betray each of these specimens. Both ears are medium but they are noticeably larger in the case of the husky and small in proportion to the huge head of the Alaskan malamute.
Differences of the mantle
The coat of both dogs is somewhat different: although both have a double layer of hair and can show different colors, the outer layer of husky hair is usually soft and medium / long. Alaskan malamute is longer (it can reach 5 centimeters in length) and has a somewhat rougher outer layer.
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It is a very energetic and elegant dog breed, more resistant than it may seem. Both a puppy and an adult papillon will be a kind, lively, curious and playful dog, always willing to spend time with its owner. It is quite barking, especially with strangers and with other dogs, but it is not an especially aggressive animal. He will fulfill his function as a watchman, because he is always alert and gives the alarm if something strange happens inside the house. It can also be said that it is a very intelligent dog, trained to learn very varied orders and obey them with proper education and socialization.
Although he is not very sociable with those who do not know, he can relate correctly with other people and animals if this aspect is worked from a puppy. On the contrary, he enjoys family time and loves to be paid attention and be the spoiled pet.
Main diseases of papillon
The current papillon breed specimens have a fairly robust health and a life expectancy of between 12 and 14 years. However, because of repeated crossings between specimens of the same bloodline at its origin, it is possible to find some health problems due to predisposition or genetic inheritance.
- Epilepsy and seizures. The papillon or butterfly dog tends to develop epilepsy easily, usually because of genetic inheritance. It is not a deadly disease, but it is chronic, so there is no cure for it.
- Patellar dislocation. This is the most common disease in the breed, caused by poor bone alignment. It causes discomfort and pain in the dog when stretching, lying down or walking.
- Bone fractures Being a small animal and fragile bones, it is common for bone fractures and other similar injuries, preventable with proper care of the pet.
- They are also dogs prone to allergies to some foods or to environmental factors. It is a condition that can be controlled with relative ease, so it is advisable to control the animal's usual scratching to detect the condition and treat it as soon as possible.
Basic papillon care
In general terms, it can be said that the papillon does not need excessive care. They are dogs that remain in good condition by themselves, although we must attend to some of the specific needs of these specimens so that other health problems do not appear.
At the level of daily health, the most important thing is to take care of your dentition with suitable products for it, and clean the eyes to avoid the appearance of tear stains. With a good diet, exercise and affection, you will have a happy and healthy dog that will be your best companion. Of course, you cannot forget their vaccination and deworming calendar so that their health is always protected from the most common and contagious diseases among dogs.
The hair of the papillon does not present maintenance difficulties beyond some knots that can be avoided by brushing it frequently. It is advisable to use a softener in each wash to avoid tangles, and brush it at least three times a week. Yes you must bear in mind that, despite the length of its hair, it does not have a double layer, so it is not as resistant to cold as other races. It may be a good idea to buy a sweater or coat for small dogs and protect them when it is very cold.
A bath every month or month and a half will be enough to keep the dog clean and elegant. It is not advisable to bathe it more frequently to avoid losing your skin's own protection against external aggressions. On occasion, it is possible to reduce the time between bath and bath, if for example the animal has gone out to the field and returns full of mud, because in that case it would be much worse for your health to leave it with dirt on top. A mandatory condition is that the shampoo used for bathing is for dogs, which have a different ph than humans.
Due to its small size and weight, it is not surprising that the daily ration of food for a specimen of this breed is rather scarce. More important than the quantity, is that it is a high quality food that guarantees the health of the animal, to avoid that in the future problems of various types may appear.
The papillon is a very active dog that requires being in almost constant movement. However, being a small dog, you can enjoy various games inside the house, so that the necessary daily walks are reduced in terms of quantity and distance. Of course, you always have to mix the rides with game sessions so you don't get bored, because that way destructive behaviors could appear inside the house.
Although the papillon breed is easy to educate and train, it is always recommended to start from a puppy so that the time spent is more effective. After making a proper socialization with other animals and people, it will be time to teach useful orders for your family life day by day, and other less useful, but equally fun to spend quality time together, such as tricks and pirouettes.
Curiosities of the papillon
Take note of some curiosities of the papillon breed to expand your knowledge about these special and fun animals:
- They owe their name to Queen Marie Antoinette, who had a dog of this breed she called le petit papillon, the little butterfly.
- They tend to get bored in the company of children and prefer the attention of adults, but they can adapt perfectly to living together if they are accustomed from childhood.
- It is possible to find some specimens with tricolor spots, although they are rare and difficult to see.
- There is a variety of this breed known as phalène, which means moth. This is because, instead of showing the ears straight up, it shows them falling to the sides.
As you can see, the papillon dog is ideal for family living, and is a perfect pet. If you want to share your life with a copy of this breed of butterfly ears, go to a trusted breeder who can offer you guarantees about the puppy's health and references about the parents. Let yourself fall in love with one of these friendly puppies and get ready for your life to change forever. You will not regret.