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Why does my cat have hairless parts?

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What is cancer?

Cancer is the term used to describe the disease caused by a tumor, which is a set of atypical cells in the body that grow and divide without control.

This growth normally results in the development of masses or lumps, which are
mainly composed of these atypical cells dividing. Some tumors do not spread to other parts of the body or have a tendency to invade surrounding tissues - these are known as "benign" tumors. The term cancer is used to describe "malignant" tumors that normally invade the surrounding healthy tissues and can spread to other places in the body (what is known as metastasis). These spread throughout the body through the bloodstream or lymph vessels. Due to its invasive nature, malignant tumors are more serious than benign tumors, leading to more widespread and aggressive diseases.

There are many different types of cancer, and they are usually classified according to the origin of the "abnormal" cell type they contain. Thus, cancers known as "sarcomas" or "carcinomas" are solid tumors that grow from different tissues, while "leukemia" is a cancer that affects the bone marrow, where blood cells are made and therefore They usually cause the outflow of a large number of atypical cells in the bloodstream. A "lymphoma" is a solid tumor that originates from the growth of abnormal lymphocytes. Lymphocytes are a type of blood cell that can also be found in tissues and that is part of the immune system.

What is the cause of cancer?

As in human medicine, most of the time it is not known why cancer occurs in a cat. Although little is still known about it, some cats are believed to have genetic susceptibility to develop certain types of cancer. During their life they may be exposed to different factors that cause abnormalities in the cells and that these abnormalities lead to cancer - for example exposure to sunlight, or to certain chemical agents known as carcinogens. Even so, in most individuals it is unknown what has been the cause that has led to the onset of cancer.

We know that some viral infections can cause cancer, and the best example is Feline Leukemia Virus. Fortunately, it is now a less frequent infection, but this virus can affect the cells that make blood in the bone marrow and cause the development of leukemia and lymphomas. Infection with the Feline Immunodeficiency Virus (related to the Human Immunodeficiency Virus) can also sometimes favor the development of some types of cancer. Fortunately it is easy for your veterinarian to detect the presence of these two viruses.

When our cat is diagnosed with cancer, it is common to react by asking “What have we done wrong?” Or “What could I have done to prevent it from happening?”. Although they are completely normal and understandable reactions, it is important to remember that in most cases we do not know what caused the onset of cancer, and therefore it would have been impossible to prevent it.

What are the clinical symptoms of cancer?

Because cancer can affect any tissue in the body, the clinical symptoms are many and different, and none of them automatically suggests that cancer is the cause of the disease. In general, older cats are affected more frequently than young cats.

In most cases the cancer grows slowly over long periods of time, initially there may be only nonspecific symptoms of illness such as poor appetite, weakness and weight loss. In other cases there may be more obvious symptoms such as lumps in the skin or subcutaneous tissue, changes in the eyes, bleeding for no apparent reason or wounds that do not heal properly. As the disease progresses complications appear that are usually related to the affected tissues or organs. Although cancer may be the potential cause of a wide variety of symptoms (especially in older patients) it is important to remember that many other diseases can occur with the same symptoms as cancer frequently and that, although this is the final diagnosis , it is very possible that there are treatments that allow you to control it, at least for a while. Because early diagnosis of cancer is important, it is vital to take our cat to the veterinarian as soon as we detect any abnormality.

How is cancer diagnosed?

Although you or your veterinarian suspects that the cause of your cat's symptoms may be cancer, neither these by themselves nor the physical examination performed by your veterinarian are sufficient to diagnose the disease. Other investigations such as X-rays or ultrasound are necessary to determine the location or extent of the tumor, and the definitive diagnosis can only be obtained after examination of the suspicious tissues by an experienced pathologist. This test is performed from a biopsy (a sample of the tissue surgically obtained by your veterinarian) although sometimes it is possible to obtain a diagnosis from a 'fine needle aspirate' (a very fine needle is inserted into the mass to aspirate some cells, which are then spread on a slide to be examined under a microscope) or a 'needle biopsy' (where a thicker needle is inserted into the lump to obtain a small tissue sample). Other techniques are occasionally used to obtain samples of the suspicious cells and to be able to make a diagnosis. Blood tests are a routine part of the investigation of any patient suspected of having cancer - partly to detect adverse effects of the cancer, partly to detect any other disease that is also present.

With some types of cancer, more sophisticated techniques are necessary, both to confirm the diagnosis and to plan the most appropriate treatment. Today, techniques such as Computerized Axial Tomography (known as CT) and Magnetic Resonance are techniques available to animals and can be very useful in the diagnosis of brain tumors and in determining the extent of tumor invasion.

Can cancer be treated?

Although the diagnosis of cancer in our cat is never good news, it is not necessarily a death sentence, there are many treatment options available to us (they are explained in more detail in the booklet "Cancer in cats 2"). Not all types of cancer respond well to treatment, and the decision to treat or not to treat, and what to deal with, depends on many factors. Some forms of treatment are only possible in specialized centers and your veterinarian may suggest referring you to one of them.

In most cases the appropriate treatment of cancer can result in a significant lengthening of the survival time (and with a very good quality of life). Although treatments have side effects, your veterinarian knows them and will try to prevent them. The goal of treatment is always to improve the quality of life of affected cats, and not cause an increase in their suffering during it. Usually, with careful monitoring and surveillance the most important side effects can be avoided.

It is not always correct to treat a cat with cancer, and its quality of life always has to be the most important consideration. They should have an exhaustive conversation with their veterinarian about the different possible options before making a decision.

What are the most common types of cancer that affect cats?

Due to the wide variety of types of cancer that can affect cats, it is impossible to name them all and their characteristics. Some of the most frequent include the following:

Lymphoma
Lymphoma (malignant lymphoma, lymphosarcoma) is probably the most common cancer in cats. It is a solid tumor that originates from a type of white blood cell (the lymphocyte) that is related to immune responses. In addition to being present in the blood, there are also accumulations of lymphocytes in other parts of the body, such as in the lymph nodes, and inside other tissues. Because lymphocytes are present throughout the body, lymphoma can appear anywhere and often occurs in several places at once. The most frequently affected places are the lymph nodes, the thoracic cavity, the gastrointestinal tract, the nasal cavity, kidneys and the nervous system. Clinical symptoms vary according to the affected tissues. Infection with FeLV and IVF may be an underlying or predisposing cause for the development of a lymphoma.

There are several treatment options available that include surgery, chemotherapy, and radiation therapy. The treatment chosen will depend on the location and extent of the tumor and the availability of the different options. In many cats the response can be very good and lasting, although there are very few cats that can be considered ‘cured’.

Breast carcinomaSquamous cell carcinoma is a skin cancer. Sunlight exposure is one of the triggers for this cancer and is most frequently observed in white cats that live in sunny countries. The tumor usually affects the nose or ears and may initially look like a scratch or wound that does not heal properly. The spread of this tumor (metastasis) is unusual, but it can sometimes affect the local lymph nodes.

Early treatment of these tumors by surgery or radiotherapy is usually curative in most cases. Sometimes, when the tumor affects the superficial layers of the skin, local radiotherapy (applied with a probe that is in contact with the skin) can be very effective. The response to chemotherapy is generally not very good. For some cats an alternative to conventional surgery may be cryosurgery, where the affected tissue is frozen using liquid nitrogen that is applied using a special probe, although surgery and / or radiotherapy are usually the most used options.

This is a cancer that affects the mammary glands and that occurs more frequently in whole females (although sometimes it can appear in males and in sterilized females). It usually affects more than one mammary gland, which has multiple nodules or swollen and hardened areas, and that often ulcerate. This tumor usually spreads to the local lymph nodes as well as to the lungs.
Early treatment of single and small nodules usually gives many better results than multiple nodules or larger tumors. Treatment consists of surgical resection of the tumor and its adjacent tissues, and sometimes chemotherapy is also given.

Mastocytoma
Mast cells are a type of cells that are distributed throughout the body. Mastocytomas are tumors that usually affect the skin, spleen and / or intestines. When they are located in the intestine, they are usually aggressive tumors that often cause blockage. They can be surgically resected, but very often it is difficult to remove them completely and they spread easily to the lymph nodes, lungs, liver or spleen. When a mastocytoma that affects the spleen is diagnosed, many times the liver, lymph nodes or bone marrow are also affected, although in these cases the surgical removal of the spleen often results in very long periods free of disease (around 12 months ).

Mastocytomas that affect the skin can be solitary masses or multiple nodules, sometimes ulcerated. Surgery is usually curative, and some may even return spontaneously. Sometimes they can be treated with radiation therapy, or with chemotherapy.

Oral squamous cell carcinoma
This is a cancer that arises from the cells that line the mouth or throat - it usually affects the tongue, and the tumor sometimes invades the bone and affects the local lymph nodes. It can cause progressive difficulty eating, intermittent or continuous salivation and possibly halitosis (bad breath). These tumors are difficult to treat but can sometimes respond to radiotherapy or be surgically resected.

Fibrosarcoma / soft tissue sarcoma
This cancer is formed from fibroblasts and other connective tissues, almost always under the skin. They usually appear as firm masses that increase in size under the skin. The degree of malignancy of these tumors varies - some are very malignant, with extensive invasion of surrounding tissues and metastasizing very soon to the lymph nodes and lungs. Others are less aggressive and are not as invasive nor metastasize so quickly.

The optimal treatment of these tumors consists of a combination of surgery and radiotherapy and / or chemotherapy, although the prognosis is variable.

Osteosarcoma
It is a cancer that affects the bones. It can be located in the bones of the extremities or spine and skull. When it affects the extremities, a weakening of the bone often occurs that can cause a fracture of the bone, causing a lot of pain and lameness. Even if there are no fractures, most cases of osteosarcoma show symptoms of progressive pain and lameness in the affected bone.

Osteosarcomas can lead to the formation of metastases in the lymph nodes and lungs, although not necessarily on all occasions. Therefore, surgery when possible can be curative. Radiation therapy and chemotherapy can also be valuable in some cases.

Respiratory carcinoma (nasal or pulmonary)
Several types of cancer can affect the respiratory tract, but the most frequent are nasal lymphoma and adenocarcinoma affecting the nose or lungs. Nasal tumors often cause progressive obstruction to the passage of air, and often result in snoring or snorting when breathing. There may be sneezing and nasal discharge, and just as the disease progresses, difficulty breathing. Pulmonary adenocarcinoma can result in shortness of breath, cough or both - sometimes it is spread to the bones of the fingers and causes lameness and pain.

The treatment of lung tumors consists of surgical resection when possible along with chemotherapy, although many times when they begin to show clinical symptoms they have already spread throughout the chest. The best treatment for nasal tumors is radiation therapy sometimes in combination with chemotherapy.

Intestinal adenocarcinoma
Adenocarcinomas can affect both the large and small intestines. They are tumors that usually grow very fast, causing clinical symptoms due to partial obstruction of the intestine (the most frequent symptoms are loss of appetite, weight loss, vomiting and diarrhea). They often metastasize to local lymph nodes and often invade the intestine quite extensively.

The treatment of choice is surgical resection. Sometimes chemotherapy is also used although its effectiveness is not very proven. In some cases only with surgical treatment can they live long periods of time even when the tumor has spread to local lymph nodes.

Pancreatic and hepatic adenocarcinoma (of bile ducts)
Fortunately, it is not very common for cancer to affect the liver and / or pancreas of cats. These tumors cause jaundice (because they obstruct the outflow of bile), depression, weight loss, vomiting and bloating (due to both the tumor and the accumulation of fluid in the abdomen). The prognosis for these tumors is very bad, because they respond very poorly to the different treatments we have available.

Why does lack of hair occur?

The first thing that we are going to take into account when explaining why a cat has hairless parts is how this fault is, since we can face a generalized alopecia, that is to say, where we are going to lack the hair in a good part of the body, especially in the sides and the belly, or to much more concrete hair failures, in the form of visible bald spots in different areas of the body.

In addition, we will have to observe if the fault has its origin in the excessive licking of the cat, since these are usually licked instead of scratching and that excessive licking can break and cause hair loss, in addition to causing injuries because his tongue is rough. On other occasions the hair will be missing without your intervention. All these data are important when it comes to diagnoses as we will see in the following sections.

My cat has bald spots, could it be ringworm?

If our cat has hairless parts in the form of rounded bald spots and these are, above all, by the head, we can think that he is suffering from a fairly common disorder, caused by fungi and known as tinea. Ringworm in cats is a relatively frequent disease, especially in smaller ones, and usually begins when the cat undergoes stress like the one that can mean a house change but also a disease, which also happens in adult cats.

Inadequate hygiene conditions are also a predisposing factor. Ringworm is usually self-limiting, this means that the cat's own immune system could restore the integrity of the skin without medication, just improving the defenses, for which stress control and quality feeding will be essential .

However, the veterinarian can decide medicate with an antifungal in smaller kittens, more severe cases with generalized baldness or in the concurrence of several diseases. These treatments are usually long treatments (minimum of about 4 weeks).

Finally, we must know that ringworm is a contagious zoonotic disease, also for humans, so be careful if children, elderly or immunocompromised live with the cat. We must observe proper hygiene, disinfect and vacuum frequently, with special attention to the areas where the cat rests or spends more time.

Ringworm is confirmed with a simple test performed by our veterinarian and consists of passing a lamp (wood lamp) about our cat. The illuminated areas would indicate the presence of fungi, which can also be observed under a microscope.

My cat has hairless areas, a possible allergy

Sometimes, it is cat allergy that explains why our cat has hairless parts. These allergies can develop to pollen, some proteins or materials or even allergy to fleas saliva. In the latter case, a single sting is capable of triggering the entire allergic condition, so it is very important, if our cat is allergic, to keep its deworming a day, even if you live in an interior space, and keep in mind that you have to use products that eliminate fleas in all their phases, and not just adults.

It will be our veterinarian who advises us in this regard, considering the circumstances of our cat. This allergy causes itching, so that our cat licks and scratches and ends up losing hair in large areas and even wounds. The later in receiving veterinary assistance the more complicated the picture.

In a cat with this type of allergy we will see that the hair is missing especially in tail base (lumbosacral area), being able to extend to the abdomen, flanks and neck. Treatment may require drugs to manage itching and avoid secondary infection but, above all, as we have said, it is necessary to prevent it by means of a deworming schedule, always using the best products to deworm cats.

Other causes of alopecia

Stress in cats is another factor that can explain why our cat has hairless parts. To get to consider that the cause of the absence of hair is psychological, we must first rule out physical causes. Stress can cause excess licking in the cat that causes hair loss. Also, as we have seen, it decreases its defenses, which can affect hair quality and shedding. To avoid this we must investigate the reasons that may be stressing the cat to correct them.

At this point you can contact a ethologist (animal behavior expert) or a veterinarian with training in psychology and feline behavior. An example of the incidence of stress on hair is the disorder known as telogen effluvium, which will be missing the hair on the sides, belly and chest of our cat. In this case, the hairless parts are not caused by excessive licking, but by a disorder in the change.

The hair growth cycle is divided into three phases that are happening in mosaic, so that the hair is renewed gradually. Stress can disrupt this cycle, leaving it in its telogen phase, in which the hair does not grow. Once the cause of stress is resolved, the new hair displaces the existing one, in the telogen phase, producing a sudden change of all the hair at the same time. It does not require treatment and the hair ends up recovering but we must avoid, as we have said, the causes of stress.

Another reason for alopecia, especially on the sides and affecting even large areas, are true. endocrine diseases, such as Cushing's syndrome in cats, which will give another symptomatology such as an increase in water intake, increased urine output or a very marked skin fragility. In these cases, the primary cause of the lack of hair, which is going to be able to be diagnosed by blood tests, must be treated.

Once the most common reasons that explain why our cat has hairless parts have been identified, we must take into account a series of measures that will help us avoid problems with the hair. They are the following:

  • Hygiene and brushing: hair care must be integrated into the basic routine.
  • Deworming: it is necessary to establish a calendar of both external and internal deworming and keep it throughout the year and for all the animals in the house.
  • Avoid infections: If the lack of hair of our cat is due to ringworm or fleas, we must exercise caution because the fungi that cause ringworm are very contagious. Flea allergy is not spread, but fleas do, so we must take care of deworming.
  • Feeding: We must provide our cat with adequate food for its needs, paying attention to its quality in terms of proteins, minerals, vitamins or fatty acids, as they will influence the quality and growth of the hair.
  • Stress: We have seen that it is a factor that can explain why our cat has hairless parts, so we must offer adequate care, an enriched environment to avoid her boredom and frustration and the gradual adaptation to any change that concerns her.

This article is purely informative, at ExpertAnimal.com we have no power to prescribe veterinary treatments or make any kind of diagnosis. We invite you to take your pet to the veterinarian in case he presents any type of condition or discomfort.

If you want to read more articles similar to Why does my cat have hairless parts?, we recommend that you enter our Skin Problems section.

Feeding

I'm going to talk to you first about food. It is the most important, especially when it comes to kittens. These animals are carnivores, which means that they feed on meat from other animals. Many of the feed we find for sale in supermarkets or in pet stores are not suitable for them, even if they tell us otherwise. Why?

Basically because felines do not eat cereals, and these feeds carry them. Corn, wheat, flour, ..., in addition to other animal by-products (spikes, legs, etc.) that would not be eaten if they really knew what they are. What happen? That they add flavorings so they feel attracted to this food.

When a cat is fed with an inappropriate food, its growth may not be adequate. Therefore, whenever we can afford it, the ideal is to give it or natural food, or a feed that contains 70% or more of meat and is free of cereals and by-products.

Mother's health

If the mother has been raised in the street, she may have gone hungry or contracted a parasitic disease. Thus, their little ones will have been born thin and / or with parasites. These lodge in the intestines, feeding on what the kittens ingest, with which, they barely grow.

If your kitten does not grow and has a swollen belly, chances are it has parasites. You can give it Telmin Unidia in syrup, which is a medicine sold in veterinary clinics for five days. The dose is 1ml / kg, and it is very effective against intestinal worms.

The kitten is sick

There are many diseases that can stop the growth of the cat, such as distemper or leukemia. The cat's body tries to overcome them, so it spends all its energy on staying alive. A) Yes, if you suspect that he is sick, that is, if he vomits, has diarrhea, does not eat, has seizures, or is apathetic, you should take him to the veterinarian as soon as possible to be examined and treated.

How is the growth of a cat?

In this image you can see the size of a cat with 1 day, with 10, with 3 weeks, with 5, with 8, with 14, with 5 months and with one year.
Image - Warren Photography

In the image above you can see what a cat's growth is like. Although, of course, it is indicative, since large breeds, such as the Maine Coon, can take two years to reach their final size.

I hope this article helps you to know the possible causes for which a kitten stops its growth. If in doubt, or if you see that the child is not well, take him to the specialist.

Stress? What is that?

Stress is really an instinctive response to danger destined to save life.. It consists of adrenaline secretion, which makes body responses faster. In behavior, these changes may involve an individual (or animal) disposition to fight, flight, or have a paralyzing effect. So far it does not seem that stress is a bad thing (except in what cases, the paralyzing effect). However, the body (neither human nor animal) is not made so that the adrenaline stays in it for a long time.

When this happens, adrenaline inhibits certain elements of the immune system and causes compulsive behaviors, hair loss or fur, aggressiveness, loss of appetite ... This is why, what you should worry about is, not so much stress as the chronic stress, that is, the one that repeats itself in time. This type of stress is the one that is important to avoid and try to alleviate as much as possible.

It is particularly important to try to reduce stress in cats, if your cat is a cat and is pregnant, since if a pregnant cat is stressed, her puppies will be prone to develop stress when they are older.

My cat is stressed and the rest is not. Why?

Not all cats are equally sensitive to external stimuli, that is, not all are equally prone to stress. Just as there are people who can deal with their workload, their pace of life and the stress that it supposes better than others, there are cats that because of genetics or because of the environment where they were raised, they endure stress better.

If my cat lives very well, what causes stress?

Cats are very territorial and rested animals and any changescan cause them stress. Even things that you don't consider important or especially stressful can cause your cat great discomfort. Especially those threatening changes, or that seems to threaten, what feeds their Physical needsFor example, the arrival of a baby or other pet, it may seem to the cat that its source of food or affection is threatened.

If there are works at home, the entry and exit of workers can be a source of stress for your cat. Also related to entrances and exits of people at home, too many visits or a death in the family, especially if it is from someone with whom the cat felt close, can cause stress. Others changes in the family unit, such as divorce or the independence of a child, can make your cat feel confused and stressed.

Other causes of stress in cats are the loud or strange noises (construction noises, loud music, trains, trucks ...), stress in the environment (if you are stressed, the cat notices and is stressed too), travel sickness (in the cat or in the owners, again, the cats are infected from the environment of the house), excessively deep cleaning of the home or even excessive contact or inconsistent contact by the owner (The cat is confused if one day he pays much attention and the next not).

By last, cats are very independent animals and like to move, jump, hide and are very territorial. If there is an excess of cats in the house and your cat does not have the territory he needs, or he is trapped by other cats, or if your cat does not have enough space to move, he will feel stressed and be aggressive or restless.

My cat's behavior is driving me crazy. What do I do?

The first thing to solve the chaotic behavior of your cat, is to determine that it effectively has stress. If there have been no very strong and obvious changes in your home, it is best to take the cat to the veterinarian. Once we know that the cat has stress, the first thing is to determine the cause. If it is due to an internal stimulation of the cat (for example, he has just had a disease), the veterinarian may prescribe something to reduce his stress.

Si está producido por un estímulo externo, lo mejor es eliminar el cambio que ha sido motivo del estrés (en la medida de lo posible) y tratar de mejorar el bienestar físico de su gato: atender bien a sus necesidades físicas (cortarle las garras, eliminar las pulgas, asegurarse de que no tenga hambre o sed), eliminar ruidos fuertes y gritos y dejarle espacio para moverse. Si el cambio no puede eliminarse, entonces hay que ayudar al gato a adaptarse a él, ya sea demostrándole que no va a quedarse sin comida, cariño o lugar donde dormir, proporcionándole un nuevo lugar donde moverse…

Hay que tener en cuenta que hay ocasiones donde el estrés del gato puede permanecer aunque el estímulo haya desaparecido. En ese caso se debe ayudar al gato a adaptarse a su estrés, proporcionarle un poste para arañar, asegurarse de que tenga lugares para esconderse, no obligarle a salir si no quiere, etc…

De todas formas, querer a su gato es fundamental, y si está pendiente puede prevenir su estrés antes de que ocurra y evitar un daño mayor. ¡Mejor prevenir que curar!

El carácter de tu gato

A medida que el felino crece, es fácil notar cuál será su carácter definitivo. Ningún gato es igual a otro, hay unos que gustan de ser independientes y pasar la mayor parte del tiempo solos, mientras que otros buscan ser la principal compañía de sus amigos humanos. Algunos son más afectuosos, más tímidos, ariscos, etc., y sus reacciones y estados de ánimo pueden ser predecibles cuando han pasado algún tiempo viviendo en el hogar.

Es por eso que los cambios bruscos en el carácter habitual del gato provocan desconcierto en los humanos, y muchas veces resulta difícil saber qué motiva esta transformación. Debido a esto es necesario estar atento a posibles señales, como son: maullidos constantes y sin razón aparente, agresividad, falta de apetito, actitud melancólica, nerviosismo, evitar el contacto, marcaje con orina, entre otros.

Los anteriores son solo algunos de los signos que pueden indicar un cambio de carácter en tu gato, acompañado de un estado de ánimo diferente al que usualmente tiene. Diversas son las razones que desencadenan este comportamiento nuevo, por lo que es conveniente conocerlas para saber cómo enfrentarlas.

Época de celo

El celo es una etapa en la vida de tu gato, sea macho o hembra, que desencadena un drástico cambio de carácter. Si eres nuevo en esto de tener un gato como compañero, seguramente te tomará por sorpresa.

Un macho en celo rocía con su orina todo lo que encuentra para alejar a posibles competidores y marcar su territorio. Además, tiene más deseos de salir de casa y se vuelve agresivo con otros felinos. La hembra, por otra parte, emite fuertes maullidos para atraer a posibles parejas de apareamiento, acompañando esto con expulsiones de orina en distintos sitios del hogar y una actitud mucho más afectuosa no solo con su humano, sino con todo lo que se encuentra a su paso.

Si no quieres que tu gato corra el riesgo de sufrir un accidente por salir en busca de hembras ni que tu gata tenga una camada, te recomendamos tenerlos dentro de casa mientras pasa el celo y asesorarte con tu veterinario sobre el mejor momento para realizar la esterilización.

Ha cambiado el carácter de tu gato tras la castración

El proceso de castración de los felinos implica que las hormonas relacionadas con el celo no serán secretadas nuevamente, por lo cual es muy posible que observes una transformación en el temperamento de tu gato, que en la mayoría de los casos resulta positiva.

Una gata o gato castrado se volverá más casero y tranquilo, evitando los posibles peligros del exterior. Su personalidad será más tranquila y sedentaria.

¿Sufre alguna enfermedad?

Muchas enfermedades, así como algún tipo de dolor que esté sintiendo, harán que tu gato se comporte diferente. Puede que trate de ocultarse, que se ponga agresivo y evite que te acerques a él, que deje de comer e incluso que se encuentre callado y poco hablador. Ante estas señales y cualquier otra que sea fuera de lo común, consulta con tu veterinario inmediatamente.

Para conocerlos todos, no te pierdas nuestro artículo en el que te mostramos los principales signos de dolor en gatos.

Muerte de un ser quer >

Aunque muchas personas piensan que los gatos son incapaces de crear vínculos afectivos con quienes los rodean, esto es una gran mentira. The muerte de un miembro cercano de la familia o de un compañero de juegos, como otra mascota, puede causar episodios de melancolía y depresión en los felinos. En este sentido, debes tener presente que ellos, como nosotros, también pasan por un periodo de duelo y, si es el caso de tu felino, deberás ofrecerle todo tu cariño para que recupere su estabilidad emocional lo antes posible.

Ha cambiado su carácter por una reciente mudanza

Los gatos son animales territoriales que marcan lo que consideran suyo no solo mediante la orina, sino también a través de las feromonas que liberan cuando frotan su cara contra las cosas. Es por eso que una mudanza, e incluso un cambio en la disposición de los muebles, representa para ellos un motivo de estrés: no solo se encuentran desorientados al perder el “mapa” que han trazado sobre su entorno, sino que además en una nueva casa se encontrarán con olores desconocidos.

La rutina es un elemento muy importante en la vida de los felinos. A alteración en su modo de vida habitual, e incluso un cambio drástico en tu propia rutina, que afecte sus horas de comer o el tiempo que pasas con ellos, puede afectar a su comportamiento considerablemente.

Es por eso que también otras situaciones, como una visit to the veterinarian, las vacaciones de los amigos humanos o una temporada en algún hotel o guardería gatuna, influyen en la forma de ser del minino y puede resultar la causa que indique por qué ha cambiado el carácter de tu gato.

La llegada de una nueva mascota o miembro de la familia

Aunque no todos los gatos son iguales, muchos son sensibles a la llegada de otra mascota al hogar. Una actitud agresiva y violenta suele ser la reacción más común, pero también es posible que el felino asuma la molestia que le causa el otro animal de forma que presente síntomas parecidos a los de alguna enfermedad, como vómitos y falta de apetito. De esta forma, será fundamental presentar a ambos animales correctamente.

Por otro lado, la llegada de un bebé suele ser otro de los motivos que llevan al gato a cambiar su carácter. Como comentamos, los felinos son animales muy territoriales, y la llegada de un nuevo miembro de la familia supondrá un cambio radical, tanto del entorno como de las rutinas diarias. Así pues, antes de la llegada del pequeño será imprescindible preparar al felino para ello. Y si ya ha llegado y ha cambiado el carácter de tu gato, consulta el siguiente artículo para mejorar la convivencia: consejos para la convivencia entre el gato y el bebé.

Falta de cariño

Unos felinos son más afectuosos que otros, pero todos necesitan muestras de cariño de parte de la familia con la que viven. Una mascota con carencias afectivas, sobre todo si se siente repentinamente despreciada, se vuelve huraña e irritable. Además, a los gatos no les gusta que se les ignore, y mucho menos si lo hacen aquellas personas en las que han depositado su confianza.

Cambio de carácter por aburrimiento

A medida que el felino crece desarrolla distintas exigencias sobre su entretenimiento. Un gato cachorro no necesita las mismas distracciones que uno adulto, ni uno que ha entrado en la vejez puede divertirse de la misma manera que los jóvenes.

Si no se presta atención a los requerimientos de cada etapa, es muy probable que tu felino se aburra y empieces a notar cambios en el carácter de tu gato, ya sea una aptitud apática o un espíritu destructor, resultado de la necesidad de drenar toda su energía correctamente. Para evitar que ocurra, te recomendamos consultar nuestro artículo sobre los juguetes más divertidos para gatos y dedicar un rato al día a jugar con él.

¿Se siente solo?

Es una regla conocida: los felinos son animales sociables, y por lo tanto se sienten más cómodos si tienen otros compañeros con los cuales entretenerse y compartir. Aunque hay gatos que no soportan a otras mascotas, la mayoría de ellos necesita de un camarada para jugar, dormir y hacer travesuras. La soledad, sobre todo si esta es repentina (muerte, adopción o cambio de casa del que hasta entonces había sido el compañero, enfermedad que los mantenga separados, etc.), afecta mucho su estado anímico. De esta forma, si no puedes dedicar a tu peludo compañero toda la atención que necesita, valora la opción de adoptar a un segundo felino y, por supuesto, de intentar ofrecerle tiempo de calidad.

If you want to read more articles similar to ¿Por qué ha cambiado el carácter de mi gato?, te recomendamos que entres en nuestra sección de Problemas del comportamiento.

La otitits, la conjuntivitis o la alergia son varias de las enfermedades que puede padecer tu felino

Los felinos son mascotas sorprendentes, no sólo por su atractivo y pelaje, sino también por sus sentidos desarrollados, como son la audición o la vista. Si eres dueño de uno o estás pensando en acoger o adoptar a uno debes informarte de muchas cosas importantes, entre ellas, sobre las enfermedades que tu gato puede padecer.

A continuación os mostraremos las 10 enfermedades más comunes de los gatos. Pero recuerda, la mejor forma de prevención ante cualquier enfermedad es cumplir con las fechas de vacunación y llevar al día las visitas al veterinario.

Es una inflamación del conducto auditivo muy común en los perros, pero también en los gatitos y en los gatos adultos. Puede generar dolor y, en casos más extremos, la pérdida de la audición. Normalmente se produce por la presencia de parásitos como los ácaros (vigila que tu gato no tenga una secreción marrón en las orejas cuando se las limpias), pero también por hongos o por bacterias. Si tu gato tiene otitis, lo reconocerás por la incomodidad que demuestra al rascarse o por la cantidad de veces que lo hace.

2. Conjuntivitis

Es uno de los problemas más frecuentes en los gatos que se puede dar a cualquier edad. Se trata de la inflamación de la mucosa del ojo (de la membrana que lo recubre y del interior del párpado). El gato puede llegar a perder la vista si no se diagnostica y se trata a tiempo. Se puede dar por infecciones oculares, por alergias, por enfermedades diversas (las que afectan al sistema respiratorio), por la suciedad del medio ambiente, por traumatismos o por problemas genéticos. Detectarás que tu felino tiene conjuntivitis por el exceso de legañas, el lagrimeo o la opacidad de la cornea.

Esta enfermedad causa un virus que se transmite a través de la saliva por la mordedura de un animal infectado. Se puede transmitir entre especies, de animales a humanos y viceversa, y se controla mediante una vacuna que en varios lugares de España es obligatoria. Galicia, Cataluña y País Vasco quedan exentos de esta obligación.

4. Leucemia felina

It's about a tipo de cáncer que se transmite por contacto de los fluidos corporales, ya sea saliva, sangre u orina. Suele afectar más a ejemplares pequeños y jóvenes y puede producir incluso la death. Los síntomas de esta enfermedad son la falta de apetito, la somnolencia, la anemia, la aparición de tumores o la debilidad. Para prevenir a tu gato de la leucemia vacúnale.

5. Panleucopenia felina

Generalmente la panleucopenia es conocida como moquillo felino, enteritis o gastroenteritis infecciosa. Is a enfermedad mortal provocada por un parvovirus y los síntomas más comunes son la fiebre y más adelante la hipotermia, los vómitos, la diarrea, la debilidad, la deshidratación, la anorexia y una importante bajada de los leucocitos y/o glóbulos blancos en la sangre. El tratamiento consiste en hidratación intravenosa y antibióticos, aunque existe la vacunación en contra de esta enfermedad.

6. Inmunodeficiencia felina

Comúnmente conocido como el sida felino, se trata de una enfermedad que puede llegar a ser mortal causada por el lentivirus. Suele afectar a los gatos adultos no esterilizados y los síntomas que nos harán sospechar de esta enfermedad son: infecciones en la boca, patologías respiratorias, infecciones intestinales, pérdida de mucho peso, enfermedades fúngicas€ Se transmite por una mordedura de otro animal infectado y no tiene tratamiento ni se puede prevenir con vacunación.

7. Peritonitis

Es una enfermedad infecciosa causada por un virus de la familia de los coronavirus. Los síntomas más notables son: fiebre, anorexia, aumento del volumen del abdomen y acumulación de líquido en éste, invadiendo así todos los órganos y sistemas del cuerpo. No tiene tratamiento, aunque existe vacunación contra esta enfermedad. Puede llegar a ser mortal, sobre todo en los gatos jóvenes.

8. Problemas gastrointestinales

La diarrea, los vómitos, el dolor abdominal, la pérdida de apetito o la debilidad, son varios de los síntomas de esta enfermedad que afecta a nuestra mascota, sobre todo, a los ejemplares jóvenes. Normalmente se produce cuando el gato ingiere alimentos en mal estado, aunque también se puede producir por una infección bacteriana, un virus o por la presencia de parásitos. Ante la sospecha de esta enfermedad, acuda al veterinario de forma urgente.

9. Cistitis

Como ocurre en las personas, el sistema urinario es más problemático a medida que el gato envejece. Se forman minerales que obstruyen el conducto urinario, lo que genera dolor al orinar, mucha sed, ausencia total de micción, lamido de la zona urinaria, vómitos o orinar en otro sitio que no sea la caja de arena. Existe tratamiento para eliminar los minerales y además el gato tiene que seguir una dieta especial.

10. Alergias

¿Sabías que los gatos también pueden tener alergias? Como nos sucede a nosotros, los felinos también pueden tener alergia a muchas cosas distintas, las más comunes son: plantas, polen, hongos, perfumes, productos de limpieza, humo de tabaco, picadura de pulga, algunos alimentos e incluso humanos. Tu minino tendrá alergia cuando identifiques los siguientes síntomas: tos, estornudos, secreción nasal, secreción ocular, picor en la nariz, picor en los ojos, falta de pelo, infecciones cutáneas, vómitos y diarreas.

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