Sterilizing a cat, or any pet, not only cancels its ability to reproduce. In addition, sterilization is an excellent way to avoid diseases and other problems., appease problematic characters in animals or inappropriate behaviors and even extend their life expectancy.
In fact, sterilizing pets has many advantages and all households that have one should do it. We tell you the advantages of feline sterilization!
Do you think sterilizing a cat is cruel?
Many people think so, yes. They believe that eliminating the reproductive capacity of pets should not be done, but The reality is that having pets without neutering has lots of disadvantages:
- Cats in heat suffer, even scream and groan in despair at not being able to maintain relationships with a male. His nature is very strong and they have a very bad time!
- Males also suffer during the heat of cats: When they hear them moan, they try to go to them to procreate. In addition, to mark territory, it is very possible that they make their needs in the surroundings of your house.
- Unwanted pregnancy, very often leads to abandonment of kittens. The idea that a pet has offspring seems very beautiful, but what will you do next to take care of 8 or 10 more cats? If castrating a cat seems cruel to you, imagine abandoning them!
- Pregnancy problemsThere are many that can occur while your cat is pregnant. In addition, caring for a cat in childbirth is complex, both she and her babies could die.
- Behavioral disturbances: the stress and discomfort that this strong reproductive instinct produces in cats it can alter your character and even cause serious behavioral problems, as aggressive behaviors.
- If your cat runs away from home in search of relationships with a cat, or vice versa, You may get lost and not know how to return.
Sterilization of cats and kittens FREQUENTLY ASKED QUESTIONS
You have included someone hairy in your family. Fantastic! When your kitten is still too pretty and small, it's hard to imagine her with her own kittens.
However, when your cat reaches sexual maturity between four or six months of age, she may have kittens still being a kitten herself! Therefore, as responsible for your pet, you should start considering sterilizing your cat from the beginning.
Sterilizing felines means that your cat will avoid unplanned pregnancies and be protected from some diseases.
Castrating or spaying your cat does not have to be a difficult decision. Our pet care team is at your disposal to tell you everything you need to know about sterilization, so you can make the best decision for you and your cat.
Sterilization is a common and usual operation that involves the removal of the sexual reproduction organs of your cat. It is also known as "sterilization" for females and "castration" for males.
For females, sterilization involves removing the ovaries and the uterus, although sometimes only the ovaries are removed. This is usually done by a small excision on its left side, and can also be done below, longitudinally.
For males, the procedure involves the removal of their testicles. The procedure is simpler in males and does not require any stitches.
The sterilization operation is very simple and your cat will be anesthetized to ensure he feels no pain during the procedure.
After the operation, the veterinarian will treat your cat with analgesic injections to help with the postoperative discomfort. You should also be provided with anti-inflammatory and analgesic medications to give them to your cat at home.
Since the procedure is much less invasive in males, they will only require medication for one day. Females will require medication for about three days to help them recover as soon and easily as possible.
Sterilizing a cat has multiple benefits for your pet. For example, your cat will be less likely to get some diseases, and avoid unwanted pregnancies. Among other advantages of sterilizing your cat, the following stand out:
- Stop the mischievous behavior that comes with sexual maturity, such as the spraying of urine to mark their territory.
- Sterilized cats are less likely to move away from home, which protects them from being involved in traffic accidents and fighting with other cats.
- Your pet can become more affectionate. Cats often become friendlier.
- A reduced risk of contracting some diseases, such as feline leukemia or feline AIDS.
- Less likely for your cat to develop a uterine (uterine) infection.
- If cats are sterilized at an early age, they are less likely to develop breast (breast) cancer.
We recommend sterilizing your kitten before it reaches sexual maturity and is able to have its own kittens. This usually occurs between four and six months of age. You will be able to recognize when your cat reaches puberty, as cats will meow with intensity, and males are likely to spray urine to mark their territory
Some shelters and veterinarians recommend cat sterilization at an early age, from 12 weeks or even earlier.
To protect your cat from having or causing unwanted pregnancies, keep it at home until it has been sterilized.
Myth: You may have heard that it is good for cats to have a litter of kittens before being sterilized, but our Pet Service team confirms that, in reality, this is not true.
To sterilize your cat, you will have to make an appointment with your veterinarian. I may ask you to take your cat for a pre-anesthetic study before the operation.
Your veterinarian will ask you not to feed your cat the night before anesthesia, keep the water available normally, but remove it the morning of its operation to prevent it from drinking before the intervention.
Normally, you will have to leave your cat with the vet in the morning and pick it up later.
If you want to sterilize your cat and can't afford that expense, talk to local animal protectors. Some animal protectors direct financing plans for sterilization, something that can help you cover the cost of sterilizing a cat.
All cats tend to be a little sleepy after their operation, but they will regain their normal vitality very soon. Apart from this, the recovery process varies by gender, since the operations are different. There are a few things you can do to help your hairy child heal after being sterilized.
- Sterilization should have little or no side effects in males.
- Stay or stay close to him on his first night after the operation, just in case.
- Your veterinarian should give you anti-inflammatory and analgesic medication for your cat, although he will only need it one day.
- You can go outside again normally the next day.
- As the castration operation is more invasive, females need more time to recover.
- Stay or stay close to her on her first night after the operation, just in case.
- Your veterinarian will provide anti-inflammatory and analgesic medication for your cat: he will need to take it for about three days after the operation.
- Your cat will need to wear an "cone" or Elizabethan collar, to avoid licking or biting the stitches.
- The veterinarian will schedule revisions three and ten days after the operation of your pet. Keep your cat at home until the vet gives you approval after ten days, by then, you can play outside normally.
- If non-absorbable stitches are applied, the veterinarian will give you an appointment to have them removed again, usually 7-10 days after the operation.
Advantages of sterilizing a cat
Sterilizing your cat Not only do you cancel all the above dangers, but you will also have a lot of great advantages. Sterilizing a cat will help you:
- Increase its longevity: Sterilization increases their quality of life, so it is very possible that your cat lives longer than if it were still fertile.
- Reduce up to 95% chance of breast cancer. In addition, if your cat has already had and or sterilized, it is very likely that it will develop more tumors again.
- Cancel the risk of uterine infection, which is 40% in fertile cats.
- The sterilization of a cat is a simple and routine operation that is done without problems in just 40 minutes.
- Many animal associations make Sterilization campaigns at a really low cost.
- Sterilize a cat it supposes to annul the suffering that gives each jealousy
- If you have a male, sterilizing him will stop doing his needs at home, since You will not feel the need to mark territory constantly.
- Sterilization softens the character of pets and helps solve serious problems of behavior at home and socialization.
Do you still think we shouldn't sterilize cats? It is not a cruel practice, much lessOn the contrary, it improves the quality of life of the animal. Do not hesitate and sterilize yours!
Sometimes, sterilization is related to weight gain. Although the operation is not entirely responsible for the weight gain of cats, it can prevent them from wandering in search of a partner. This means that they move less, and they may gain a couple of kilos.
If you notice that your pet is gaining weight, you can have him exercise by playing with him or by walking with a harness. Use our game tips guide to inspire you and create your own game show. GAME TIPS ARTICLE
Urinary tract problems
After sterilization, your pet will be more likely to develop urinary tract problems. If you detect any change in your cat's urinary habits, such as urinating more often, squatting without urinating or urinating blood, talk to your veterinarian.
- Your cat will be in heat approximately every three weeks once she has reached sexual maturity. During the heat, you may meow hard and be very restless, something that can make family life in your home difficult.
- When your cat is in heat, you will have to be very careful to protect her from the males in love with the area and prevent her from becoming pregnant.
- Your cat could have up to three litters a year, with a maximum of six kittens in each litter. This can be very expensive.
- Your cat may be more predisposed to wander away from home, increasing the risk of a traffic accident.
- Unsterilized males tend to be more aggressive and are more likely to fight with other cats. They run the risk of suffering injuries and spreading diseases.
- Unsterilized females are at greater risk of developing breast tumors (breast cancer) around 6-7 years of age. Check regularly if there is any lump in your cat's breast area and, if you find something that worries you, talk to your veterinarian.
As a general rule, cats do not show obvious physical symptoms until they reach the second or third week of pregnancy.
If you think your cat may be pregnant, contact your veterinarian to get out of doubt as soon as possible. Read our tips on how to detect the signs of pregnancy to know what symptoms to consider.
It is possible that your cat may be sterilized even while pregnant, which will interrupt her pregnancy and prevent her from becoming pregnant again in the future.
Your veterinarian should provide you with more information about sterilizing a cat while pregnant, to help you make a decision.
The sterilization of kittens and cats depends on your personal circumstances. Before making a decision, please consider what is best for you and your cat.
It prevents illnesses
Sterilizing your young female before her first estrous cycle (going into "heat" or being able to conceive) greatly reduces her risk of getting cervical cancer and eliminates the risk of ovarian cancer. Because removing the ovaries reduces the levels of hormones that favor the growth of cancerous tumors, sterilization also reduces the risk of breast cancer in your cat.
Remember that there are other diseases resulting from the natural behavior of cats when they mate. Feline leukemia and feline HIV are two diseases that spread through bites from infected cats to other cats as indicated by the VCA Hospitals (these diseases are different from HIV and leukemia in humans and cannot be transmitted from cats to people ). By reducing your cat's desire to fight for a partner or for the territory, the chances of contracting these incurable diseases by their contact with other cats are also reduced.
Male not neutered cats have the hormonal urge to seek mating and defend their territory from intruders. So two or more male cats in the same house can mean problems. They tend to fight especially if there is a cat in heat nearby. By neutering your cats, you reduce their aggressive instincts.
Reduce the risk of wandering
When cats get into heat, their hormones and instincts drive her to find a mate. And if he is your only cat, he will try to escape every time the door opens to find a partner. Remember that males also have hormonal and mating impulses, and will try to escape for the same reason. Both males and females are at risk abroad as they are able to cross streets and avenues to mate. By sterilizing your cat, you will reduce this desire to go out and see that they feel happy to remain in that comfortable and safe place next to you in the armchair.
A cleaner house
Males spray their urine on vertical surfaces to mark their territory. And while the penetrating smell of a non-neutered cat's urine alerts other males that there is another guy nearby who has claimed that area as his own, he tells the females that he is waiting for the opportunity to mate. A male cat not castrated in your home can cause problems with cleaning. Castrating your cat reduces or eliminates the urge to spray, and in case it does, the smell should be much milder.
Cats also modify their body fluids when they are in heat. These fluids contain aromas that alert males that there is a fertile female nearby. By sterilizing your cat, you eliminate that same problem.
What to expect
The surgical sterilization procedure is done in the veterinary office under the effect of general anesthesia. Your veterinarian will explain and give you specific instructions for pre and post operative care. It is expected that he asks you not to give food or water from the night before the surgery and that you arrive at the office at a specific time.
During surgery, your cat will be given an anesthetic so that he will not feel anything or notice what is happening. In the case of males, a small incision is made in the testicles and they are removed. The incision is closed with either soluble sutures or surgical glue. Male cats usually return home with you the same night unless there is any complication or special precaution. If so, your veterinarian will tell you if you can pick up your cat that same night.
Females are made a larger incision to remove the ovaries and / or the uterus. Because it is a larger incision in the abdominal cavity, it usually stays where the veterinarian overnight to observe it. Usually your cat can go home the next day.
Some veterinarians place the cat an Elizabethan cone or collar, a paper or plastic sleeve that sticks around the neck like a funnel. This prevents your pet from scratching or licking the surgery site when it is barely healing. Most cats do not need any medication or aftercare. If your veterinarian asks to see your cat again after surgery, be sure to take it on time.
Post sterilization feeding of cats
Some cats gain weight faster after being sterilized, so it is important that your kitten stays active and feeds properly. Hill's® Science Diet® Adult Perfect Weight contains the right mix of nutrients and calories needed to help keep your cat at its optimal weight.
The benefits of sterilizing a cat outweigh any disadvantages. Yes, it can be scary to bring your beloved pet for surgery, but it is well worth it if you consider the increased risk of having unwanted kittens, escaping or getting into trouble with other animals. If you have not done so, talk to your veterinarian about sterilizing your cat.
Jeanne Grunert is a book author, has a website and writes independently in Virginia. He takes care of six rescued cats and a rescued dog named Shadow on his 17-acre farm in Virginia.