The Angora rabbit (which in Turkish is called, Ankara tavşanı) is a type of domestic rabbit that is bred for its fur, Angora wool. It is believed to be native to Angora (now called Ankara) in Turkey, as is the Angora cat and Angora goat, which produce mohair fiber, whose characteristic is long and very silky hair, hence His name: Angora rabbit.
The French royalty used the Angora rabbit as a pet, since the middle of the 18th century, afterwards this custom was extended to the rest of the European continent. The Angora rabbit made its appearance in the United States from the 20th century. Because of her very gentle character, she quickly became an excellent pet.
His copious fur is used by man for his economic benefit. The minimum diameter, 11 microns, and the length of the hair are two very striking factors for the textile industry, because garments made with this kind of fiber are less heavy than wool and offer much more coat. Angora fiber is used to make high quality clothing. (See article: Californian Rabbit)
Angora is a fiber that is used as textile of very high quality clothing. Due to the abundance of the coat, it must be combed at least 2 times every 7 days.
It is important to know that the Angora rabbit is the result of genetic crosses, and that it has undergone different changes, when we make comparisons with the first crosses when the breed originated earlier centuries in Ankara (Angora), Turkey. After a few years it began to be produced in Europe and later in almost all over the world.
One of the characteristics of the Angora rabbit that stands out and that differentiates it from the rest, is its hair, because it is extremely long, this would be a disadvantage if it was free, because it would be a very easy prey for its possible predators, because the hair so long prevents you from moving correctly and even makes your vision impossible, part of it could also cause certain infections.
These Angora rabbits are of a small size, they can reach only about 35 cm long and have an approximate weight of 2 to 3.5 kg. It is known that its longevity is about ten (10) years. Its color is usually white, but as we indicated before, this breed has suffered many crosses that have modified up to the color of its hair, producing individuals with tan and even gray fur.
Angora rabbits are quite peaceful animals, a little quieter than other breeds such as toy rabbits. It may be that this characteristic is due to the difficulty they present when moving with such long hair, so they have a preference for tranquility and even immobility.
The hair of these Angora rabbits completely covers their body, from the legs, which are usually quite short, to the body and the head, leaving only the ears without the hair so leafy.
Angora rabbits are not able to live an environment of more than 30 ºC, but they cannot live in places with very low temperatures of less than 10 ºC. These animals require good ventilation, if you plan to have one in your home, because they have a tendency to urinate large quantities.
It is recommended that they live in quite ample spaces, so you must acquire a suitable cage so that you can move and play at ease. (see article: degú)
The American Rabbit Breeding Association (ARBA) has established four (4) different breeds of Angora rabbit, each of these breeds have specific characteristics, in relation to morphology.
The English Angora rabbit: The English Angora rabbit (scientific name Oryctolagus cuniculus), is the oldest homemade rabbit in the world. The English Angora rabbit is the smallest breed of the four varieties of established Angora rabbits, and the vast majority are commonly pets. They have hairs of only eleven (11) microns in diameter, the hair of the angora turns out to be thinner and softer compared to cashmere.
The English Angora rabbit grows hair on both ears and face, and is the only Angora rabbit that has hair that covers its eyes, also has hair on its legs.
The recognized colors of the English Angora rabbit's hair include the agouti (each hair has two or more colors), the white with ruby eyes, the pointed white, and the shading or dark.
When the English Angora rabbit molts, and they also ingest their hair. Ingested hair can cause an obstruction in the area of the stomach and intestine, which is known as a wool block.
English Angora rabbits when they have a block of wool, are not able to absorb nutrients, and can die slowly from hunger. An early diagnosis of a block of wool, for an English Angora rabbit can be noticed, because its feces are increasingly smaller, or are mixed with hair.
The French Angora rabbit: It has a rounded face and ears with straight hair. The body of the French Angora rabbit is round in shape and its weight is between 4 and 5 kg. It is the second largest sized rabbit that the ARBA (American Rabbit Breeders Association) has recognized.
The wool of the French Angora rabbit is found mostly in its body. The face along with the forehead, and the feet to the ankles do not have wool. Only the ears and hind legs can get to present certain wool wicks.
French Angora rabbits come in different colors. The color of the French Angora rabbit is defined by the color it has on its head, its feet and its tail, because they should all be the same color. The fingers of the French Angora rabbit have the same color, they are white.
French Angora rabbits are usually gentle and with very soft fur. As with other rabbits, the rabbit tends to be kind and very fair. Regular maintenance of hair needs, as well as wool collection, are a great help for the French Angora rabbit to turn out to be a sweet and cuddly rabbit. This breed of rabbit does not need much special attention, only the wool should be cut two (2) or (3) times per year.
The giant Angora rabbit: it is the Angora rabbit breed that produces the greatest amount of wool. Most are white fur and the eyes are red. They have an average size and have a fairly dense wool. The head has an oval shape, and the snout is a little narrower than the head.
The giant Angora rabbit: Produces more wool than other breeds of Angora rabbits. Its body is ideal and has a fairly dense layer of wool.
He should not cut his hair, because he does not change it. Any other rabbit that presents these distinctions, but is of another color (other than white), is usually a hybrid. The giant Angora rabbit is the largest Angora rabbit within the four (4) species and its approximate weight is 4.5 to 6 kg, when it reaches adulthood. These giant Angora rabbits are primarily bred for their high quality wool. They can also be good pets.
The giant Angora rabbit being the largest producer of wool, has three types of fiber that are classified into: one is the so-called soft spoiler (which is a wool that has soft waves and that have shine), another is called edge fluff ( this one is a little curly and with a hook shape) and the other one is the so-called edge hair (they are straight and very resistant)
This rodent has a lot of wool. It has three (3) different kinds of fiber in its wool: one is the soft spoiler (which has soft and shiny waves), another is the edge fluff (which is curled with a hook-shaped end) and finally it is edge hair (whose guard hairs are quite resistant and straight).
Although the giant Angora rabbit is a descendant of the German Angora breeds, which have the peculiarity that they do not molt, the giant Angora rabbits present a kind of partial molt. But, your wool should be collected at least 3 or 4 times per year using scissors, and can produce 1-2 pounds of wool every year.
The wool that is removed from the giant Angora rabbit is of excellent quality and can be dyed and then made some garments such as coats and socks.
They should spend as much time as they can outside their cages, so that their personalities can truly flourish. The giant Angora rabbits that stay a long time inside their cages and away from the activities of human beings, cannot interact with them, and as a consequence they will not be able to form a lasting relationship with the caretakers.
The satin angora rabbit: This rabbit owes its name to the shine of its hair. It does not have much hair and this is much shorter than the hair of the others. But his hair is exaggeratedly soft. The satin angora rabbit is a medium sized rabbit and can weigh between 3 and 4.5 kg. This Angora rabbit breed has a life expectancy of between 7 and 12 years.
Its wool is bright satin, it is much finer, much softer and much more silky than that of the other breeds of Angora rabbits. The reason why it presents this hair that is similar to satin, this is due to a recessive gene, which causes the pigment envelope of each hair to be translucent instead of opaque, as with the vast majority of skins.
The satin angora rabbit is regularly used as a fiber animal, this means that they are raised and then removed, this shaving process does not cause any kind of damage or discomfort. To remove the hair, the breeders regularly brush the rabbit or cut most of the hair with very sharp scissors, which do not cause any pain, such as when human hair is cut, it always grows again.
Although they are used primarily for this purpose, the truth is that it is not uncommon to see a satin angora rabbit as a pet, because these rabbits are quite sociable and affectionate that they love being hugged by people and play with their toys.
Angora satin rabbits are animals that are easy to care for. They do not need vaccines, and feeding them is not very expensive.
The Angora rabbit came from breeding farms located in Ankara, Turkey, where it was introduced to the European continent and the American continent. It is advisable, if you have one in your home, that it enjoys a cage of a large size, because of its dimensions it requires a lot of space.
The French use cement-made huts that are adapted with quantities of straw. The straw serves to absorb urine and to keep the rabbit's environment cozy. (see article: sewer rat)
In Turkey the breeding of this type of rabbits has been successful, they cover the cages with hole cloths. Angora rabbits do not withstand high temperatures (above 30 ° C), nor do temperatures below 10 ° C. They require very well ventilated areas, to prevent problems due to the large amounts of urine produced by this rabbit.
Caring for an Angora rabbit correctly, implies knowing what food we have to give it, the type of cage and how to clean it.
The rabbit Angora is one of the most popular types of rabbit as a pet. A rabbit of calm character and very soft appearance that enchants children but that requires specific care. Let's see then all Steps we have to continue to know how to care for an angora rabbit correctly.
The Angora rabbit is a type of rabbit which can weigh between one and five kilos (depending on its size) that has a very soft coat of hair, usually white or with spots. The hair grows intensely for three months and can reach eight centimeters in length, covers the whole body of the animal and forms a really soft and woolly skin. Is very sweet and easily affectionate with the man, creating very strong emotional bonds but like any animal at home or pet, it requires specific care.
Angora rabbit feeding
Angora rabbits, like all rabbits, are herbivorous animals and their diet should only be based on fruits, vegetables and fodder to prevent any kind of digestive problem. Even in animal stores they sell certain products that meet the necessary requirements, in relation to the diet of these rabbits, which you can buy.
According to experts, it is very important that every day they consume a combination of green fodder, with hay and feed.
It is necessary to know that the rabbit is in heat when it exhibits sexual behavior, this is when it begins to run in circles, specifically, it runs around the hind legs, this occurs when it meets between the four (4) and the six (6) months of age, because it is at that moment that they reach sexual maturity, this allows them to reproduce at any time of the year. The gestation time is approximately one (1) month.
Of all the breeds of rabbits that are currently sold in pet stores, there is a breed that is the most beloved, because it can be easily distinguished by its fur. Angora rabbits are a fairly special breed of rabbits that are known to have emerged a few centuries ago in the capital of Turkey, where cats and Angora goats also originated.
Angora rabbits, as they have exaggeratedly long hair, are very prone to being entangled and dirty, which can lead to diseases and some problems at the respiratory level as well as the digestive level. One of the special care you should have with the pet Angora rabbit so that it feels comfortable and does not present health problems in the future, is brushing every day. It is important that you brush every day because they change the coat very quickly.
For rabbits Angora brushing is one of the most important care, along with feeding and hygiene of the cage. Every day you must consistently brush your rabbit, so that the hair that is moving is detached, and to give it strength. Another reason is because when the rabbit is going to clean, do not swallow so many hairs that can hinder your intestinal transit. (see mustela article)
Another special care you need is the daily cleaning of the cage, if you want to have your rabbit healthy and beautiful angora. It is usual that when he is in the cage he makes his needs inside it, and of course he steps on them, getting his legs and hair dirty, when he is lying down or when he moves through the cage.
Therefore, it is recommended that from a young age they be taught to urinate in a specific place inside the cage, or the cage should be cleaned more frequently. Therefore it is advisable to put a lot of sawdust or wood shavings in the cage, so that it absorbs most of the moisture and prevent it from getting dirty.
If you want your Angora rabbit to look beautiful, that it is healthy and that everyone falls in love with it, you will also have to be very careful with the type of food you offer. It is important to be clear that if your Angora rabbit is well fed, with feed that gives it strength, this will be reflected in its physical appearance, in its daily activity, being happier, and more active but it will also be reflected in its fur.
Always verify that, the foods you offer contain the vitamins and minerals you need in your composition, to improve the appearance of your hair, giving more softness to the contact, more shine.
The importance of brushing:
- The more you brush them, the more hair you take off, and the less hair that will be swallowed when you clean yourself. The less amount of hair swallowed, there is less chance that a ball of wool will be put together in the stomach and an obstruction will occur.
- When you brush, you remove the knots that form naturally. These knots can present some complications because if they form attached to the skin, they can cause us not to breathe the skin and that our Angora rabbit presents a dermatitis. Dermatitis can be quite dangerous: in the most severe cases it results in the amputation of a member or even death.
- While brushing your Angora rabbit you can feel it, and thus be able to rule out that it may have something strange, it is also the time for you to have some time near your pet. Through this kind of contact you prevent an aggressive attitude on the part of the Angora rabbit, because he understands that you are the boss and this is important as well.
The natural self-cleaning process of an Angora rabbit is the same as cats do. They lick their hair to keep clean. When the hair begins to detach, the safest thing is that they can ingest the hair fibers that are loose.
Unlike a cat, the Angora rabbit cannot regurgitate the hair that reaches its stomach, and a large accumulation can cause obstruction in the digestive system and intestines. When this happens, the Angora rabbit has a lack of appetite and stops eating food and drinking water because it feels full.
Wool blocking signs
A sign of hair blockage, apart from the lack of appetite, is that the feces of the Angora rabbit are reduced in size and are drier. The stool of an Angora rabbit that is healthy is large, round and moist. In the most severe cases, both defecation and urination will cease at the same time. For what is important, always be attentive to the way in which the Angora rabbit needs it.
Another sign is that if the Angora rabbit is usually playful and happy and suddenly becomes slow and loses appetite, it is likely that he is not well.
When wool is suspected of blocking, the first thing to do is consult the veterinarian who is a rabbit specialist. If that is not possible then we will give you some useful tips to try to heal it at home:
- First you must immediately remove the feed for rabbits and you must feed it with more hay. In addition, you can add a small amount of frozen pineapple juice into the water, this helps increase stomach enzymes.
If this does not work, give the Angora rabbit mineral oil (it can also be canola oil). The only way that the Angora rabbit gets to ingest the oil is to feed it by means of a syringe, which can be obtained in pharmacies. Place the Angora rabbit on its back, slightly inclined, and proceed to apply a syringe full of oil, two (2) times per day inside its mouth.
If the Angora rabbit stops drinking water, you should also give it to it as an injector. If there are no major changes after 1 or 2 days, it is at that time that you should proceed to shave the hair of the Angora rabbit and you should continue insisting that it be fed.
This procedure to treat hair blockage is an early detection method. In severe cases, to save the life of the Angora rabbit it is strictly necessary to consult the veterinarian or use intravenous feeding. I hope your rabbit never angora presents a block of wool or hair. This situation can be frightening, but it can be reversed if it is discovered early. It is important to always watch your Angora rabbit.
|Habitat:||Breeders breed them in separate cages, starting at two months when they can start collecting their hair. The French use cement huts fitted with straw remains. The straw absorbs the urine and keeps the animal's habitat cozy.|
Angora rabbit. It is one of the most curious specimens of nature. Its exact origin is still unknown, although it is believed that this species originated in Turkey. From there it was brought to Mediterranean Europe and it is in France where its current characteristics are definitively fixed and in England where they are refined.
Its name probably originated from the Angora cat, with which it shares the characteristics of its abundant fur. It is considered a very old race, originated around the 18th century.
It is said that when a rabbit runs in circles around the feet, it is a sign of sexual behavior. In the case of Angora rabbits, it should not be very different. The Angora rabbit reaches sexual maturity between 4 and 6 months.
Females do not manifest the time of zeal, this allows them, like all rabbits, to breed at any time of the year. The gestation of females, as in rabbits of other species, lasts approximately one month.
In general, Angora rabbits are usually like most rabbits of other species, tame animals, which require human care. And it is especially, due to the abundance, beauty and uniqueness of her hair, that these animals are considered mysteries of nature.