The Ancient Egypt it is known as the origin of the first podencos about six thousand years ago, As documented, a member of this breed of dogs was the favorite of kings. The image of podencos similar to those we know today, stand out in murals on the tombs and pyramids of the pharaohs.
Anyway at that time the breed was not known as podenco since it really belongs to the original Tesem dogs, dogs of the pharaohs that were carried by the Phoenicians throughout the Mediterranean, progressively drifting in the podenco and in turn in several races of podenco.
Its appearance is that of a slender dog of medium size which slightly reminds a jackal or the image of the Egyptian god Anubis.
As I say its origin extends for more than 6,000 years and it is known that it was importing in the Middle East area keeping a close relationship with European hunting dogs, excelling thanks to the development of their senses, so that thanks to their smell and hearing was one of the most suitable dogs when looking for prey.
Then we will talk of the different types of hounds that are known and in fact, that They are recognized as a race of their own.
How is a Podenco
The podenco is a very loyal and affectionate dog breed with which if you are one of those who like to go jogging or take long walks ... you will enjoy. It is an animal that likes to stay always active, and loves to learn new things.
So, if you are looking for a partner who shares your love of sports with you, this is a breed that I recommend you to take into account. Next you will know how the Podenco is.
Characteristics of the Podenco
"Podenco" is the name given to a hunting dog of ancient origin, specifically believed to come from Ancient Egypt. Its appearance is reminiscent of that of a jackal, or the image of the Egyptian god Anubis that we can see in the tombs of the pharaohs.
There are different types of podencos, but the International Cynological Federation has only recognized five: Cimeco del Etna, Podenco canaria, Podenco ibicenco, Pharaoh hound and Portuguese Podenco. All of them have in common their body, thin, athletic, with their ears raised and finished in tip and their tail, which measures almost half that of their back, and their weight between 20 and 26kg.
Character of the Podenco
It is a very restless, but independent dog. He does not like to spend a lot of time alone, but if he is given something to do - a Kong, for example, so he can bite it - he will have a great time. In addition, it must be said that it is an animal that, at home, gets along with everyone, but when it comes to work it will only listen to its caretaker.
The Podenco is a working dog by nature, since it has been used for millennia to hunt down rodents that ate the people's grain reserves. So if you need a partner who can keep up, this may be the race you are looking for 😉.
The Andalusian Podenco is an animal that by its smell and its developed hunting instinct is able to face with total success, from the search for the rabbit in the brambles, to the hard grip of the wild boar, through the collection of ducks in the water. If we add to this capacity the extraordinary agility and resistance that characterize it, we are facing an exceptionally gifted animal for hunting.
PUBLICATION OF THE ORIGINAL VALID STANDARD: March 1992
R.S.C.E CLASSIFICATION: 5th group. Hunting Dogs Section.
DESCRIPTION: The Andalusian Podenco is a breed that has three different sizes and within these there are three different hair varieties. The sizes are:
Andalusian Podenco Big Size.
Andalusian Podenco Medium Size.
Podenco Andaluz Size Girl.
As for the hair, this can be of three types:
Sardinian type (hard and long).
Sedentary type (silky and long).
Plain type (short and thin).
GENERAL ASPECT: It is a harmonic dog, compact, very rustic and well poised.
TEMPERAMENT / BEHAVIOR: Of great intelligence, nobility, sociability and always alert. From fair reactions to stimuli that denote a lively and balanced character. Very affectionate, submissive and loyal to the owner, but he breaks this link in the face of unfair punishment. All this gives it a great capacity for training.
It is a dog born to hunt, with an excellent nose and very resistant to fatigue, is not afraid of anything, methodical and fast in the search, with a cheerful beat after the piece, both in the big game and in the small one, being an excellent hair and feather collector, either in water or rugged terrain.
HEAD: The Podenco Andaluz dog is medium-headed, well proportioned and strong. Of trunk-pyramidal form, without presenting strong depression between skull and face, whose termination is not pointed, but rather square and snout ending in a slight subconvexity.
Skull shape: Subconvex.
Direction of the upper longitudinal axes of the skull and muzzle: In profile, previously coinciding, forming an angle of 18º.
Upper contour: Slightly subconvex.
Skull width: Less than its length with very little difference.
Shape of the superficial arches: Not very pronounced.
Occipital crest protuberance: Gently marked.
“Stop” (degree of naso-frontal depression): Soft and not very pronounced.
Truffle: Rounded, medium size, wide open nostrils and honey color.
Snout: Shorter than half of the total head size. The depth and width are similar. Nasal frontal profile: Straight, with gentle inclination at its distal end. Profile and shape of the lower jaw: Straight.
Lips: Firm, fine, well adjusted and honey colored.
Jaw and teeth: Shape of the jaw: The jaw is well developed and progressively accompanies strong jaws to give a robust and powerful set. Number and characteristics of the teeth: 42 pieces and well developed. Position of the incisors: In perfect opposition. Bite Piro: In scissors or tweezers (preferably in scissors).
Cheeks. Shape and appearance: Rounded and very muscular.
Eyes: Small in size and rounded, seen from the front. Its placement at a similar distance from the nape and the truffle, with a lively, intelligent front look. Iris of variable color between the different honey or hazelnut tones. The direction of the opening of the eyelids goes to the base of the ears. Pigmentation of the edges of the eyelids in accordance with the color of the truffle or coat.
Ears: The placement of the ear is of medium insertion, with wide implantation base, energetically raised when in attention. Its shape is triangular with blunt tips. The lateral end of the base coincides with the outer angle of the eye.
Neck: The upper profile is almost straight, of medium size, cylindrical, with wide insertion in the head and trunk, tending to form an angle of 45º with the longitudinal diameter of the body. Of great musculature and tight skin that never forms double chin.
BODY: The upper line or dorsal line has a tendency to horizontality.
Cross: Features: Cross little prominent and wide neck insertion.
Back: The upper line is straight, the muscles well developed. Proportion of back and kidney length: Back / kidney ratio: 2/1
Loin: Length: Short. Width: Wide. Musculature: Very developed.
Croup: Contour: Slightly rounded. Direction: Slightly inclined. Length: Long Width: Similar dimensions to length.
Chest: Length: The chest of length and width similar to the bicostal diameter. Thoracic cage depth: It is quite deep. Shape of the ribs: Robust and slightly arched ribs. Forearm: Wide, deep and strongly muscled.
Abdomen: Bottom contour: Collected. Abdomen shape: The belly is rounded and muscular. Shape of the folds of the belly: It has no folds in the belly.
Insertion: Low implantation.
Length: It must not exceed the hock in length.
Thickness: Medium thickness.
Rest at rest: Saber-shaped towards the hocks.
Carry on the move: Half-moon up, more or less closed.
Description of the tail: Strong, covered with abundant hair, which never forms a flag, during the hunt moves it happily, it never cuts. Towards the end of it usually have some white spot the examples of cinnamon color.
General Appearance: Front legs seen from the front: Medium thickness, correct aplombs and marked muscular development. Front legs seen from the side: Arms of medium proportions presented strong musculature and articulated harmonically with the scapula, without appearing marked the encounter, broad elbows, prominent and parallel to the middle plane of the body. Proportion in relation to the body: Well proportioned.
Shoulders: Length: Of medium proportions. Tilt: Barely oblique. Musculature: Strong. Tilt of the scapulo-humeral joint: Barely oblique.
Arm: Length: Medium length and marked muscle development. Characteristics and shape of the bone: Strong.
Elbow: Position and angle of the elbow: Wide, prominent elbows, and parallel to the middle plane of the body, of open angles.
Forearm: The length of the forearm is proportionate to the rest of the limb and with strong muscles. Characteristics and shape of the bone: Strong.
Carps: Width: Similar thickness as the forearm.
Metacarpus: Length: Medium length and well proportioned. Width: Of similar thickness to the carpus. Position or inclination: Almost vertical.
Front Foot: Shape and curvature of the fingers: Rounded foot, neither cat nor hare. The curvature of the fingers little pronounced. Almost straight and strong. The nails are white or brown, wide and strong. The pads are hard and resistant of light or brown color.
General Appearance: Well poised, very strong and of great muscular development. Rear legs seen from behind: Strong and perfectly plumb. Proportion in relation to the body: long.
Thighs: Length: Long, wide, with developed musculature and descend barely oblique. The angle of the coxo-femoral joint: About 110 degrees.
Knees: Position: Medium-High. Femoro-tibial joint angle: Approximately 110 degrees.
Leg: It is strong, with a thick calcaneal tendon that quickly separates from the tibia to group a highly developed muscle pack. Length: Short in relation to the thigh Position: Pretty vertical. Bone shape and characteristics: Strong.
Hock: It is well angled, with thick tendons and tight. It is short and far from land. Well proportioned with the rest of the other bone diameters. Thickness: Of similar thickness to the metatarsal seen from behind. Angle of the tibio-tarsinana joint: From 150 to 160 degrees.
Metatarsus: Length: Very long. Width: In rear view thicker than the leg. Vertical position.
Rear Foot: The feet are practically the same as the hands, or somewhat more open and elongated. Shape: Medium or cat or hare. Curvature of the fingers: Similar to the front, strong with little curvature. The pulps (pads) are hard and resistant white or brown. Nails are wide and hard, white or brown.
MOVEMENT: The preferred movement in competitions and exhibitions is jogging. In the hunt is the fast jog interspersed with gallop.
SKIN: It is medium-thick, strong, well-fitting and highly resistant, with no folds or wrinkles in any body region. Pigmentation: The skin is light colored or in harmony with the hair color.
Length: Straight or short hair: 2 cm. with ± 1 cm. Hard or Sardinian hair: 5 cm. with ± 1 cm. Long or sedentary hair: 8 cm. with ± 2 cm.
Texture: Straight or short touch hair is hard and seated. Hard or Sardinian hair to the touch is strong. Long or sedentary hair to the touch is silky. In both the sedentary and the Sardinian type, the dog is covered with abundant hair all over the body regions, presenting itself somewhat shorter on the extremities and on the head. Highlighting the absence of sub-hair.
Basic color: The layer is white or cinnamon, or integrated by both colors. The white color exists in its silver, matt and ivory variants, and the cinnamon can vary from the clear to the lit cinnamon.
Supported colors: Cinnamon and white.
Unsupported colors: The rest of the colors.
SIZE AND WEIGHT:
Males: 54-64 cm.
Females: 53-61 cm.
Males: 43-53 cm.
Females: 42-52 cm.
Males: 35-42 cm.
Females: 32-41 cm.
Large size: 27 kg. ± 6 kg
Medium size: 16 kg. ± 6 kg
Girl size: 8 kg. ± 3 kg
Characteristics of the podenco
In general terms, it can be said that the hound is a medium-sized dog, tall and slender, thin and agile, with elongated and athletic legs, which show its predisposition for sport and for the race. It is a type of dog created for the activity, with a large amount of energy contained that you need to download properly.
In all varieties of the breed, some similar characteristics stand out, such as an elongated snout or abnormally large, erect and very expressive ears, in addition to small-sized eyes, separated from each other and almond shaped. Also in all cases you can see a stylized and well proportioned body, thin but muscular, of great elegance when it is still and firm.
It also has an elongated and wide neck, which provides robustness to the animal. The body ends in a long tail and medium insertion, which usually takes fall except when it is in full activity. All these physical characteristics give the podenco an important agility, as well as speed in the race and also the strength and the impetus necessary to collect hunting pieces or to kill an animal when necessary.
Types of podenco
Once the podenco arrived in the different countries, each of them was developing the race according to their interests and tastes. These dogs did not mix with variants from other countries, and therefore there are differences between them physically. The main differences are found in size, in proportions and in fur, although the morphology in it for all of them.
The varieties of podenco recognized by the FCI are:
- Cirneco of Etna
- Canarian Podenco
- Ibizan Hound
- Pharaoh hound
- Portuguese podenco
In addition, there are other unrecognized varieties that nevertheless belong to the group called podenco because of the similarity they have with each other. Some are the Andalusian hound, the Cretan hound, the French hoof or the Galician hound.
As for the size, you can find varieties that remain around 40 centimeters high, others that are approximately 50 centimeters high, and the highest varieties reach almost 70 centimeters high. In all cases, the weight is maintained in proportion to the height, and can be found from small specimens, weighing just 8 kilos, to larger ones with about 30 kilos.
Another of the important differences between the types of podenco is the fur, which can be long and silky or short and fine depending on the variety, although it is much more common to see podencos with short or very short hair. As for the shades, there are varieties that only admit the color brown, others that mix brown with white in different sizes, and some that are even lighter tan, until they appear almost white. The choice of the hound for each family will depend on its geographical location and also on the size that is most appropriate, because in the rest of the issues, all the hound variants are essentially the same dog.
The key to the temperament of the podenco is found in energy. When an owner is able to channel it and get the animal to develop completely, you can enjoy a very balanced dog, cheerful, affectionate and also quiet when it should be. It is a curious and independent breed by nature, which knows how to make its own decisions, which does not mean that it likes to be alone for a long time.
Keep in mind that it is an animal with a very strong hunting instinct, which requires early education to prevent these instincts from emerging, especially if you have other pets or very young children, because you can uncontrol the energy during games, although he will never intentionally seek harm.
Despite all the energy he has and his desire for outdoor physical activity, the truth is that it is a race that particularly enjoys life at home, and can spend hours lying down doing nothing. Of course, as long as you have other moments on the day of intense activity, because, if not, that accumulated energy will appear in the form of destructive behaviors inside the home.
It is also convenient to influence their socialization from puppies, since they are distrustful animals with strangers and a little territorial with other dogs. However, if such socialization is sought, it will be a nice and friendly dog with everyone. In addition, it is very rare for a specimen of podenco to show aggressiveness by its very nature, so it is a dog that can be in any situation without problem.
This breed adapts quite easily to any environment and to any situation, but you should always seek proper attention, exercise and affection. In addition, although it is a dog that enjoys the outdoors a lot, it must have the possibility of living at home and sleeping shelter, since its mantle does not offer enough protection either in too cold or too hot climates.
Main diseases of podenco
The hounds, in all their varieties, are healthy and strong dogs, which rarely present health problems. Nor do they have hereditary diseases in general, although in specific cases, unilateral or bilateral deafness may occur. In any case, to ensure the best possible state of health for the animal, it is recommended to follow healthy habits at all levels, as well as to go frequently to the veterinarian to keep up to date his schedule of vaccinations and deworming.
Basic care of the podenco
The way to keep a dog podenco healthy as much as possible is to follow good general habits, especially with regard to exercise and food. This breed has no tendency to gain weight, but you should always control the amount of daily food you eat to avoid possible health problems. It is recommended to always bet on a quality food and divided into several shots a day, and always ensure that the dog is calm before and after eating, because the activity can lead to conditions such as stomach torsion.
It is also important to follow aesthetic care, although most hounds do not require constant attention to the fur, except for long-haired varieties. With a weekly brushing it may be sufficient in general terms for the mantle to be displayed in perfect condition. In addition, it is recommended to bathe them every 6 or 8 weeks to remove dirt and prevent them from losing their own skin protection.
It should always be noted the exercise as one of the most basic habits so that the podenco is a balanced and calm dog at home. Long daily walks are essential, but you will also have to combine those walks with more energetic activities, so it is recommended to have a suitable place where the animal can run and let out its instinct without any danger. You also have to be careful to release it in spaces that are not well conditioned, since it could pose a risk to your physical integrity due to your strong instinct to pursue traces.
To properly educate a hound, you have to use positive reinforcement in each training, and the dog sees the orders as a game. It tends to be something disobedient when you cross a trail in your activity, something that has to be influenced from a puppy. This breed is also very sensitive to physical punishment, so they should never be used to try to teach you something. With proper education and socialization, the podenco will be a perfect companion animal for any family.
Curiosities of the podenco
- On many occasions it has been believed that the hound and the greyhound are the same breed, but, although they have common physical and genetic characteristics, these are races that can be easily differentiated.
- Generally, all specimens of podenco are immune to leishmaniosis, although they can carry it. The reason for this is unknown, but it is a great advantage for them, since they usually do not show symptoms or need vaccinations.
- They are so faithful to whom they consider their owner that, if their circumstances change, they will not show the same behavior or the same joy. You can have a really bad time if you change your home or in case of abandonment.
- Its effectiveness as a hunting dog depends especially on the capabilities of its senses, sight, hearing and smell, which can capture prey over long distances.
- It has the painful record of being one of the most abandoned races despite not being very numerous. This is because many people have them only as a working dog, and when the hunting season ends, they leave them without any scruple, something terrible and inhuman.
If you think that a podenco can fill your life with happiness and company, then you must find a puppy with all the health guarantees. To do this, go only to breeders specialized in the breed, and with good previous references, because only then will you have the best puppy of podenco possible. The podenco is a very special dog breed, which is not recommended for everyone, but that can create the best relationship with people.