Cancer in cats it develops just like in humans, so, luckily, scientific research can also be used to treat our felines. In your case, Cancer is often associated with viral infections such as immunodeficiency and leukemia virus, which gives a special risk of lymphoma. If your cat has cancer, we tell you what it is and how it is treated.
Cancer symptoms in cats
Cancer symptoms in cats They are usually the same regardless of the cause. The most common are:
- Seemingly unjustified inflammations that do not stop growing.
- Wounds that do not heal.
- Weight loss and appetite.
- Bleeding or other flow out of the body orifices
- Bad smell
- Eating difficulties
- Difficulty doing your needs
- Stiff body and persistent limp
If you notice any or several of these symptoms in your cat, do not hesitate to go to the vet! No one is free of risk of cancer. If there is suspicion that your cat has cancer, tests will be done to detect it, such as biopsies, urine and blood tests, several diagnostic imaging tests ...
Cancer treatment in cats
If the diagnosis of cancer in your feline is confirmed, there are treatments for it. Of course, making this decision is complicated, there will be cases in which it is preferable to euthanize the cat, depending on the severity of the situation.
If you decide to treat your cat with chemotherapy, This can be administered intravenously, subcutaneously or orally. Depending on the case or available resources, which one to use will be decided. In any case, the benefits of chemotherapy to treat cancer in cats are very numerous:
- For many types of cancer, Chemotherapy is the most effective treatment. It causes the symptoms to remit while attacking the malignant cells, improving the quality of life.
- Usually It is usually applied after the tumor is removed. It prevents it from re-forming in the affected area and prevents metastasis.
- It is compatible and can be coordinated with a radiotherapy treatment, which damages cancer cells.
The treatment requires periodic monitoring by the veterinarian, not only to see the evolution, but to detect possible new tumors.
A great advantage of chemotherapy in dogs and cats is that, unlike in humans, it does not usually produce side effects. For this reason, as soon as the cat begins treatment, it improves its quality of life considerably. In case of adverse effects (rarely), these are mild nausea, vomiting and diarrhea.
Cancer in cats is usually overcome with some ease if it is a not very advanced case, so it is important to detect it as soon as possible. Therefore, take your pet to veterinary reviews a couple of times a year!
How to detect cancer in cats?
As with other chronic diseases, we must be very careful with cancer in cats. Many times we do not pay attention to the symptoms and, when we take our pets to the vet, it is too late. Because We recommend that you pay attention to certain changes in the behavior or body of the pussycat, and do not hesitate to consult with a specialist. The main signs that something is wrong with the cat are:
1. Lose weight
While it is normal for some kilos to drop a few pounds, we must worry if the descent is very sharp and for no apparent reason. Weight loss may be a sign of a gastrointestinal tumor. Pay attention if you do not want to eat, or even if you eat normally, you are still very thin.
Cancer in cats
The Cancer It is a term used to describe a set of diseases. All of them have in common that the cells of certain parts of the body they grow and divide without stopping, which causes an expansion towards the surrounding tissues. Some types of cancer also form lumps that we know as "tumor" or "neoplasia" and that are actually an accumulation of cells.
exist various types of neoplasms, like those commonly known as "benign" tumors, which are those that do not invade tissue and do not spread to other parts of the body. On the other hand, we find "malignant" tumors, those that do spread throughout the body, forming what is known as "metastasis".
It is not always possible to know the causes that cause cancer in cats, but the most common are:
- Genetic predisposition
- Exposure to certain factors
- Viral infections
Types of cancer in cats
We currently know a wide variety of cancers that can affect our felines, so we will name the most common types of cancer in cats and their characteristics:
- Lymphoma: It is considered the most frequent cancer in cats and originates from a lymphocyte, either from the blood, bone marrow, lymph nodes or lymphoid tissues. It appears anywhere or several at once and may be caused by Feline Leukemia Virus or Feline Immunodeficiency Virus.
- Squamous cell carcinoma: This type of cancer affects the dermis and, in the beginning, usually goes unnoticed, mistaken for a wound that does not heal. It usually affects the nose or ears and does not usually spread through the body forming metastases.
- Breast carcinoma: It is usually observed in females without neutering, although they can also suffer from sterilized females and males. Nodules and swelling are observed in one or several mammary glands.
- Intestinal adenocarcinoma: They affect the large and small intestine, invading the intestine extensively and quickly, causing the animal to lose appetite, lose weight and suffer vomiting and diarrhea.
- Soft tissue sarcoma: Also known as fibrosarcoma, this type of cancer forms in fibroblasts, usually under the skin. Firm nodules that increase in size are observed.
- Osteosarcoma: This type of cancer affects the bones and it is common for the cat who suffers it to show obvious signs of pain, difficulty walking or suffering from fractures.
- Mastocytoma: It originates in mast cells, cells that we find throughout the body. It can be presented as a single mass or in the form of multiple nodules, sometimes accompanied by an ulcer.
Symptoms of cancer in cats
As you have seen, there are many different types of cancer, which in turn can affect various tissues of the body, which causes the signs of cancer in cats to be very varied each other and hard to recognize. In addition, initially, cancer develops slowly, causing a shared symptomatology with common ailments, which make it difficult to detect quickly. We can also add that the most affected cats are usually those of advanced age.
The most frequent symptoms of cancer in cats are:
- Appearance of packages
- Unusual bleeding
- Wounds that do not heal
- Wound ulceration
- Difficulty eating
- Intermittent or continuous salivation
- Snoring and / or cough
- Snorting when breathing
- Vomiting and diarrhea
- Abdominal distension
- Loss of appetite
Before the appearance of one or more of the mentioned symptoms, it is recommended go urgently to the veterinarian, since the rapidity in the detection of the disease can improve the prognosis of the feline remarkably.
How is cancer diagnosed in cats?
Suspecting that a cat may suffer from cancer, the most advisable is go to the veterinary center to perform different tests for diagnosis. It is very important to emphasize that the physical examination is not always sufficient to diagnose the disease, so the use of various methods is required.
An ultrasound, a blood test and / or the use of x-rays are usually performed to detect the location and extent of the tumor, but it must be confirmed by suspicious tissue exam. For this, a biopsy is performed, that is, a tissue extraction, which will then be analyzed under a microscope. Depending on the type of cancer and its location, more complex tests, such as an electrocardiogram, an MRI or a CT scan, may be necessary.
1 | Weightloss| Weightloss
Weight loss is one of the most common symptoms. characteristic of cancer in cats. It is often the sign of a tumor gastrointestinal. When cats start raising their nose and don't want to eat, that's very worrying.
Cancer can also cause cats lose weight Keeping your appetite normal. If you notice that your cat has a lot of kilos less, either gradually or quickly, do not hesitate to make an appointment with your veterinarian, it could be a heartbreaking diagnosis.
2 | Mouth changes| Mouth changes
Ulcers, bumps, a strange smell, bleeding, or a change in the color of the gums can be a sign of oral cancer, especially in older cats. This sign of cancer in cats often goes unnoticed for a long time. We frequently find visible oral tumors because people do not examine their pet's mouth.
Many of the tumors Oral can be really devastating, because people detect them when the disease has already advanced significantly. The best recommendation of specialists to detect any oral abnormality, is to regularly brush your cat's mouth.
Another good idea to see how your cat's oral health is doing is to be alert when they yawn or eat.
3 | Nosebleeds| Nosebleeds
The nosebleeds They are not normal, a nosebleed is particularly worrisome. It can be a sign of nose cancer.
With younger cats, it is much more worrisome because it could be something like a foreign object trapped in the nostrils before cancer.
4 | Diarrhea or changes in bathing habits
The diarrhea Occasionally it is not usually a sign of cancer in cats, but if it persists or worsens, it is necessary to take your cat to the veterinarian.
The difficulty to urinate / bowel movement, or blood in the urine or feces are also possible signs of cancer in cats. Also, attention should be paid to frequent vomiting, it could be caused by hairballs or some stomach upset, but they can also be a sign of presentation of gastrointestinal tumors.
6 | Seizures| Seizures
Seizures can be a sign of brain cancer In cats, this type of pathology is most often observed in older cats.
If you begin to notice sudden and uncontrolled bursts of activity, such as champing and chewing, leg stretching, or foam in your mouth, your cat may be experiencing seizures And you should consult a veterinarian immediately.
Cats can also suffer atypical seizures, which are not classic seizures, on the contrary they tend to manifest themselves with strange behavioral outbursts, such as sudden rage or hysteria, excessive licking or chewing, or scratching or biting their owner.
7 | Skin changes| Skin changes
Each lump, bump or skin change should be verified, as they could be benign or cancerous, but it is always easier to treat as soon as it is detected.
A feeling of bumps, lumps or swelling every strange thing you see in your cat's body, should be cause for concern.
If you notice something doubtful, do not delay - there is no way to distinguish between a lump that is benign or malignant without taking a sample. Also pay attention to sores that don't heal or lesions that look like itching or pain.
9 | General pain or discomfort
| General pain or discomfort
Pain is one of the signals most important cancer in cats. If your cat is usually quite calm but begins to cry when you take it, do not hesitate to make an appointment with your veterinarian.
We hope that this article has been of your interest, remember that our writings are purely informative, so our recommendation is that you take your pet to a veterinary consultation to rule out any type of illness. Remember healthy pet, happy pet.
Why do you have to make your cat work to get his food?
Never assume what you see of your cat just because of past experiences or just because a friend advised you of anything. Your health is not a game and neither is your pet's, so every time you see that your cat has abrupt changes in behavior It could be a clear signal that something is wrong with your body and you should consult the veterinarian.
Cancer in cats, like other diseases, are very subtle and difficult to detect At first glance, however, there are certain traits that will help you know if you are on time to start a treatment.
What is cancer?
According to the Cat International Care portal, cancer is the term used to describe the disease caused by a tumor, which is a set of atypical cells of the body that grow and divide without control and it is believed that some cats have genetic susceptibility to develop certain types of this disease.
Some viral infections can cause cancer, and the best example is Feline Leukemia Virus. Fortunately now it is a less frequent infection, but this virus It can affect the cells that make the blood in the bone marrow and cause the development of leukemia and lymphomas. Keep in mind that this disease occurs more frequently in adults than in young cats.
- Your body weight: When your cat stops eating and every time it looks thinner, without a doubt, something is wrong and more if it does not improve over time. Those who no longer have an appetite may be one of the symptoms for example of a gastrointestinal tumor.
- Some "little ball" or foreign mass in your body: It seems obvious, but many owners believe that this is a blow and that it is nothing serious. Each bulge should be examined by an expert, although they can be benign, you cannot determine it just by touching. But if you are definitely lumps are growing or bleeding It's time to take him to the emergency room.
- Changes in the mouth: This sign of cancer in cats often goes unnoticed>Also check: the reason why cats should not eat fruits or vegetables
How to treat them if they have Cancer?
If after several examinations the veterinarian confirms that your cat has some type of cancer, what you should do, according to I care cat, is to start the appropriate treatment of the cancer can result in a significant lengthening of the survival time (and with a very good quality of life). Although treatments have side effects, your vet knows them and will try to prevent them. The goal of treatment is always to improve the quality of life of affected cats, and not cause an increase in their suffering during it. Usually, with careful monitoring and surveillance the most important side effects can be avoided.
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4. Fluid discharge
We are not referring to the fact that he made his needs outside the sandbox, but to another of the signs of cancer in cats: pus, urine, blood or vomiting anywhere in the house. In that case, analyze if your abdomen is distended, or if you touch a certain part of the belly complains.
5. Bleeds from the nose
In cats, nosebleeds are not frequent. If that has happened to your pet, you should consult a professional as urgently as possible. It can be a sign of nose cancer. Not in all cases this is the cause, since it may also have some foreign object in the nose, but prevention is always better than cure.
8. Has strange lumps
Not always if the cat has a mass or bump under the skin means it has cancer, but it never hurts to have an analysis to rule out any malignant pathology. The veterinarian will perform a biopsy through a puncture to know if the cells of that lump are cancerous or not.SharePinTweetSendSendSend