Shar Pei is a dog of Asian origin, it is estimated that he was born in the south china sea during the Hang dynasty and their ancestors are Tibetan Mastiff and Chow Chow. It is believed to be one of the oldest Chinese races that exist and some speculate that it dates back to 200 BC. There are also beliefs of a possible Tibetan origin.
For a good part of its existence it was basically used as a watchdog, fighting dog, hunting dog and as a sheepdog since it is a very smart dog. He had no problem adapting to the different tasks entrusted to him.
During the twentieth century, Shar Pei was losing popularity either because of the wars and famine that stalked the country and finally in 1940 the state decreed that dogs were considered a luxury and that should be used as food to survive the hungry population. Those were the beginnings of the Yulin, the controversial dog meat festival that began to become popular in the 90s.
The race was saved thanks to a small group of people who decided export shar pei to other countries during 1960 the United States was the country where more copies were derived.
Shar pei characteristics
The sharpei is recognized as an official breed and belongs to the FCI Group II: bulldog molosoid dog. There are several blood lines of shar pei although the most popular are undoubtedly the American and the so-called "traditional", of Chinese origin.
It's a dog medium, compact and robust. It measures about 44 - 51 centimeters to the cross, size that can vary depending on sex: males tend to be larger than females. On the other hand its weight is around 18 -30 kilograms, we are talking about a medium sized dog.
His best known physical characteristic is the shape of his skin, full of wrinkles and something greasy, something that benefited him greatly in his time as a fighting dog. Other features are small ears, dark eyes and round tail. There are shar pei of all colors: blue, gray, white, blue, cream ...
Shar pei character
The shar pei has a peculiar temperament: on the one hand we find a calm, calm and very loyal dog. Affectionate with his relatives, whom he cares for, respects and protects above all. It is usually a relaxed and obedient dog.
On the other hand the shar pei is a dog something independent, you don't need the constant attention that other dog breeds require. This is an important factor to consider. However you should know that each dog, regardless of their breed, can develop one personality or another.
To start we must emphasize that this dog needs a rich and quality diet, if possible based on fish and rice. That's because shar pei has a very sensitive stomach and is conducive to allergies. Feed based on fish and rice provide greater digestibility.
On the other hand, we must know that it is not at all good to bathe our shar pei excessively: at most we will provide bathrooms every month and a half. That is because the water and soap remove the layer of body fat you have, which insulates and protects you. Pay attention to dry thoroughly The dog after bathing or after a walk with rain will be very important to prevent the appearance of fungi. We will pay attention to the hidden space between wrinkles, where they usually affect fungi more.
Although the shar pei thanks the heat immensely that the sun provides, we must take precaution to prevent burning. In the same way, it will be convenient to adequately protect it from the cold by coats.
Shar pei diseases
The shar pei has a very peculiar fur known as horse coat (horse skin) since it is short and very close to the body. It also has a thicker layer of fat unlike other races. These details added to the grooves that cause the folds favor the appearance of fungi and other problems related to the skin of shar pei.
Dryness, dermatitis or entorpion (skin that forms in the lower and upper eyelids of the animal) are other diseases related to wrinkles that can affect you.
Another well-known disease that this breed can suffer is the well-known shar pei fever. Regularly checking your health status and going to the veterinarian every 6 months will be a good measure to prevent such problems. It will also be essential to carry out your daily vaccination schedule as well as internal and external deworming.
Shar pei education and training
The shar pei is a smart dog although sometimes it can be a bit stubborn. We have to work actively in their education and training to promote a sociable and kind dog:
During his puppy stage we must practice socialization, a stage in which we must show our shar pei different kinds of people, animals and objects. The purpose of this stage is to enrich the environmental knowledge of the dog to promote a sociable, affectionate and respectful attitude. Preventing fears or aggressiveness in the future.
On the other hand, your intelligence will help us a lot in your training stage. We must be able to teach you the basic orders training such as: sitting, lying down, staying still, coming ... They are essential elements for your safety, to obey us and also helps us create a powerful emotional bond with the dog.
We should never use physical punishment with this dog, we will base all his education on positive reinforcement, always. Once we have learned the basics, we can teach our shar pei more fun or complicated tricks, we can even think about starting agility.
To dedicate time, patience and affection The education and training of the Shar Pei dog will be fundamental and very important. In the same way we will maintain a regularity in your routine and day to day that allows you to feel confident.
TO GET STARTED.
- Height at the cross: from 44 to 51 cm
- Weight: from 17 to 25 kg of adult (the standard does not mark the weight)
- Cap: short and rough, 1 to 2.5cm long (longer would be a serious foul). All solid colors> See more features
- General ranking:Large dog breeds
- Classification according to the AKC:Group 6: companion dogs
- Classification according to the FCI:Group 2: Pinscher and Schnauzer dogs Molosoides and mountain dogs and Swiss boyeros> Molosoides
The Shar pei It is a dog that does not go unnoticed. Prudent, mysterious, with a hippo face and covered with abundant wrinkles, it has gone from being "the rarest dog" to the most popular.
The ancestors of Shar pei they date back to the Han dynasty (206 BC-220 AD). They were sturdy dogs that roamed the streets in search of food and unlike Shar pei current, they had completely firm skin. Many centuries later, in Dah Let (South China) a medium specimen, with powerful jaws and loose skin (to reduce the severity of bites) began to be used in dogfights, which later became known as Shar pei. With the arrival of communism, the breed was in danger of extinction until the Americans discovered that new animal, made some copies and began to open hatcheries.
The Shar pei He is a very intelligent dog and, taught well since childhood, quickly learns what is right and what is wrong. He is calm, respectful, clean, playful, faithful and above all very affectionate and nothing barking. It is a wonderful dog to be with children and they usually have no problem with other pets. Like any dog, it is very important to offer a good socialization since childhood, both with other people and with other dogs.
The Shar pei It is compact, solid, square and strong and muscular limbs. Your body is covered with folds and wrinkles. These wrinkles and adult folds should only remain on the head and at the height of the cross. The skull is flat, wide and has small ears, quite thick and in the shape of a triangle pointing towards your eyes (never down). The tail is thick, round at the base and it is screwed over the back. He has short and hard hair that can be red, black, chocolate, blue, lilac, fawn, etc.
Like any pet, it is necessary to educate the Shar pei Since puppy. The owner must follow a food routine so as not to alter his delicate digestive system. It is recommended a high-end feed and low in animal protein, since it does not tolerate it well and, an excess of animal protein, could harm your health in addition to causing allergy.
The Shar pei He hates the cold but loves to lie in the sun.
It has a body fat that protects you against many bugs and that's why it is only advisable to bathe it once or twice a year, because it takes a long time to recover that special fat again.
After a long walk, it is advisable to clean your eyes and ears very carefully and pass a damp cloth through your coat to clean it of any dirt.
The Shar pei It has been a breed that in a short time has seen its popularity soared and due to the uncontrolled breeding of these dogs, it has given rise to many health and behavioral concerns. It is always recommended to purchase a Shar pei from a breeder with guarantee to avoid
To keep a Shar pei healthy, the fundamental thing is to feed it correctly to guarantee good growth and good health.
Tips for buying a Shar Pei
Searching for a puppy online carries risks. To be clear about the professionalism of the hatchery with whom you contact, we recommend that.
- You make sure that your questions are answered, that you are knowledgeable about the breed (that attends dog shows), and that it offers to track the puppy after the sale. Is it implied, or is it limited to setting a price?
- See if it is recommended by other breeders, or if it has references from satisfied customers.
- Make sure that it has affix, that its dogs are registered in the LOE and have pedigree in order. Keep in mind that processing the pedigree of a puppy is not expensive, distrust phrases like "if I give it to you with pedigree it will be much more expensive." More information about the prices of a puppy
- I give you guarantees in relation to health problems, physical, hereditary. Does the puppy deliver with veterinary primer, chip, vaccinations, deworming and veterinary checks a day?
- You ask him to show you his facilities and let you see the specimens. Are they disease free?
- And finally, remember that puppies need a minimum of two months with their mother before being delivered. Be wary of who wants to speed up the process.