It is a large, muscular and noble-looking dog. The adult males reach a height of 58-64 cm and the females 53-59 cm. They weigh approximately 25-32 kg. Its short and straight fur has several combinations and patterns of liver, black and white (you will find more information on the breed standard).
- Big size
- Toilet: Once a week
- Hair: Short / Soft
- Allergies: No
- Noisy: Not too loud
- Group: Hunting
- Other Pets: Low
- Suitable for being alone: 1 to 3 hours
- Moving: Moderate
- Guardian: Medium
Developed in Germany in the s. XIX from tracking hounds and retriever breeds, especially foxhound, Hannover hound, Burgos retriever and English pointer, the short-haired German shorthaired pointer is a versatile hunting, display and collection breed that works both on land and in water. After being one of the first breeds of hunting, shows and collection arrivals to the United Kingdom from Germany, the German shorthaired pointer became a popular pet and companion, as well as a hunting dog.
Personal> The short-haired German shorthaired pointer has a keen hunting instinct and the energy needed to play his original hunting dog role. He is a good companion for an active family that can meet your needs and is known for being a faithful, kind and affectionate pet.
The German shorthaired pointer is usually a breed that is in good health. However, like many other races, you can suffer from several inherited eye disorders and hip dysplasia (a disorder that can cause mobility problems). Therefore, an examination of the hip and eyes is important before devoting the dog to breeding. Epilepsy is also more common in this breed.
The German shorthaired pointer is very active and needs at least two hours of exercise a day to spend some of his energy. If you cannot run freely or receive adequate mental stimulation, you will get bored and be destructive at home. He likes to collect pieces both on land and in water.
Dogs of large breeds, in addition to having a great appetite, require a different nutrient balance, including minerals and vitamins, than smaller dogs.
Its short fur is quite rough and a little longer under the tail. You don't need a lot of care, just brushing a week.
Origin of the German shorthaired pointer
The history of this breed of hunter dogs It is little known and very confusing. It is thought that it carries blood from Spanish pointer and English pointer, in addition to other breeds of hunting dogs, but its genealogy is not known with certainty. The only thing that is clear about this breed is collected in the book of the origins of the German shorthaired pointer or "Zuchtbuch Deutsch-Kurzhaar", a document where Prince Albrecht of Solms-Braunfels established the characteristics of the breed, the rules of the trial of morphology and, finally, the basic rules of work tests for hunting dogs.
The breed was very popular and still is among the hunters of their country of origin, Germany. In other parts of the world it is not so common to find short-haired German braces, but they are very well known among fans of small game.
Physical characteristics of the German shorthaired pointer
According to the FCI standard, the height at the cross is 62 to 66 centimeters for males and 58 to 66 centimeters for females. The ideal weight is not indicated in this breed standard, but German short-haired arms usually weigh around 25 to 30 kilograms. This braco is a dog tall, muscular and strong, but it is not heavy or coarse. On the contrary, it is a beautiful and well proportioned animal. The back is strong and with good musculature, while the spine is short, muscular and can be straight or slightly arched. The rump, broad and muscular, leans only slightly towards the tail. The chest is deep and the lower line rises slightly to the height of the belly.
The head is elongated and noble looking. The eyes are brown and dark. The ears hang on the sides of the head and are slightly bent forward. The skull is wide and slightly bulging, while the stop (naso-frontal depression) is moderately developed. The snout is long, wide and deep. The eyes are medium and brown preferred. The ears are medium, high insertion and smooth. They hang on the sides of the cheeks and have rounded tips.
The tail of this dog is of high insertion and should reach the hock when it hangs. The dog carries it horizontally or slightly in the shape of a saber during the action. Unfortunately, both the breed standard accepted by the International Cynological Federation (FCI) and the breed standards of other organizations indicate that the tail should be amputated approximately in half in those countries where such activity is allowed.
The coat covers the entire body of the dog and is short hair, tight, rough and hard to the touch. It can be solid brown, brown with small white spots, brown ruano, white with brown head, black or black ruano.
German shorthaired pointer character
The hunting nature of this braco defines his temperament. This is an active, vivacious, curious and intelligent dog that enjoys outdoor activities in the company of its own. If you have a suitable place and with enough time to keep these dogs, they can become excellent pets for dynamic people and families who enjoy outdoor activities. These braces are not usually good pets for sedentary people or families or who live in apartments or small houses.
When it is socialized from an early age, the German shorthaired pointer presents himself as a friendly dog, both with strangers, as with dogs and other animals. In these conditions it is usually very friendly and playful with children. On the other hand, if you are going to live with small pets, it is important to place a lot of emphasis on your socialization as a puppy, since your hunter instincts can surface as an adult.
Their great dynamism and strong hunting instincts often cause behavioral problems when these dogs are forced to live in departments or in densely populated areas where they cannot release their energies. In those cases, dogs tend to be destructive and conflicting. In addition, German short-haired bracos are usually noisy animals, barking frequently.
Although the German shorthaired pointer lose hair regularly, taking care of your hair is simple and does not require much effort or time. Simply brush regularly every two to three days to keep the hair in condition. If the dog is engaged in hunting, it may be necessary to brush more frequently to remove dirt that remains attached. In addition, you only have to bathe the dog when it is dirty and it is not necessary to do it very often.
These dogs need to be accompanied for much of the day and they need a lot of physical and mental exercise. Therefore, they do not adapt very well to life in an apartment or in densely populated cities. The ideal for these braces is to live in a house with a large garden or in a rural area where they can run more freely. Still they need daily walks to socialize and exercise.
German shorthaired pointer education
It is easy to train these dogs for hunting, since their instincts direct them towards that activity. However, the canine training necessary for a pet dog can run into some difficulties because German short-haired bracos are distracted with some ease. Even so, they can learn many things and become excellent pets if they are educated through positive training. Traditional training does not work as well with this breed.
German shorthaired pointer's health
This is one of the healthier dog breeds, but still prone to diseases common to other large races. Among these diseases are: hip dysplasia, entropion, gastric torsion and progressive retinal atrophy. It is also susceptible to lymphatic obstruction and ear infections.
How is the character of the German Braco?
As a good hunting dog, the German Braco is very intelligent and can easily learn everything he needs to carry out his task.
This does not mean that it is an aggressive dog, but quite the opposite, the German Braco is a dog that, with the right education, can be a very affectionate companion and that will not cost him to socialize either with humans or with other animals.
Generally the German shorthaired man maintains a stable character, but this can become slightly irascible and problematic if he cannot relieve tension with physical exercise. For this reason, we recommend that you plan your dog's physical activity, interspersing career sessions (at least 45 minutes) with some visits to dog parks where there are attractions designed specifically for your fun.
Characteristics of the German Braco
It is a large dog that can exceed 30 kg in weight and 60 cm in height in the case of males (26 kg and 57 cm on average for females). It is a very strong race, able to withstand long days of physical effort thanks to its robust musculature, something that is appreciated especially in its front legs.
His entire body is proportionate, and at first glance his broad and strong back and elongated head stand out. Going deeper into his head, his eyes are medium and dark brown, which contrasts with his large snout. The ears are also large and always hanging.
The hair of the German Braco is generally brown (usually of a chocolate-like hue) or black (pure or Roman), but there are also specimens of other colors such as gray, a mixture between the previous ones or with small white spots.
The type of coat depends on the variety of German Braco. In the case of short hair, as its name suggests, it has very short hair and attached to its body, while the hard hair has long and rougher hair. More information in: Types of hair and care needed.
How to educate a German Braco
The education of the German shorthaired pointer should start when he is a puppy and should focus in one way or another depending on the lifestyle he will have in the future.
The most common is to train the German pointer as a hunting dog, something quite easy to achieve if their hunter impulses are properly channeled during the first months of life.
To teach the German Braco to be a good hunter it is advisable to start teaching him the most basic hunting tasks, especially the collection and the trail. If possible, it is best that our furry companion directly see how another dog does this function, and gradually learn by copying what his "mentor dog" does.
But not all German Bracos have to be hunters. If we prefer that ours be a quieter dog, that can live with the family and be the ideal playmate, what we have to do is propose a method of positive training, in which to reward our little friend every time he does something right. An example of this may be giving him his favorite food after learning not to try to catch animals smaller than him.
In any case, it is important that you be patient with your dog, because, although it is a very intelligent dog, it also tends to be easily distracted, which can lengthen this process more than usual.
Necessary care for a German Braco dog
In order for our German Braco to be always in top form, it is necessary that he do at least a couple of hours of physical exercise a day, if possible accompanied by a human who attends him or by other dogs with which he can play.
This will help to relieve tension and keep your muscles strong. The exercise can be performed anywhere outdoors, not requiring a large space, so with a garden of an average size house is more than enough to make our partner with legs feel at ease.
It is important to regularly take care of your fur so that it stays shiny. Ideally, brushing every two days and a bathroom every time it gets dirty, which will be quite often considering that you spend much of your time outdoors. Their fur tends to fall regularly, so there is no need to be alarmed if you notice that your dog is losing hair.
It is also important not to neglect your intellectual education, being widely recommended to propose to our friend games in which he has to use his intelligence and mental ability.