The Andalusian podenco It is a breed of dog native to Spain, specifically Andalusia. They are very similar dogs to other Iberian breeds such as the Ibizan hound, the canary or the Portuguese.
There have been various controversies about their ancestors and origins but, to date, it is considered a dog imported from the Middle East to the Iberian Peninsula by the Phoenicians during the 5th and 6th centuries B.C. Genetic studies have shown this, however, this breed also has phylogenetic relationships with the rest of European hunting dogs, probably due to the mixture with the first continental dogs.
Despite being an indigenous and ancient race, it was not until 1990 when he entered the world of official cynology, with the formation of the race club. In 1992, the RSCE would recognize the Andalusian Podenco as a pattern or racial standard. Despite this, the breed is not yet recognized by the FCI or any other international cynological association given the great coincidences by the Portuguese Podenco.
The Andalusian hound is a robust, compact, strong and muscular breed. It has a well proportioned, strong and pyramidal trunk medium head. The neck is almost straight, medium in size, cylindrical in shape and with wide insertion in the head and trunk. In addition, it is of great musculature and presents a skin well attached to the body. Its extremities are of medium proportions. It has a strong musculature and broad elbows, prominent and parallel to the middle plane of the body. The hind limbs are perfectly plumb and with a muscular development. Its feet have a rounded shape, with strong fingers.
In addition, in this breed of dog there are three types of heights. Thus, in the large size, males are between 54 and 64 centimeters tall and females range between 53 and 61 centimeters. In the average size, males are between 43 and 53 centimeters and females have between 42 and 52 centimeters. Finally, in the small size, males range between 35 and 42 centimeters and females between 32 and 41 centimeters.
It has a very varied coat. Very hard and long, silky and long or short and fine. Its color is usually white, which can exist in its variants of silver, matt, ivory or cinnamon, with all its possible variants.
His eyes are small in size and rounded. The pigmentation on the edge of the eyelids must be in accordance with the color of the truffle or coat. It has triangular ears, erect and with the blunt end. It has a snout shorter than half of the total head size and a round nose, medium size and with the nostrils wide open. His jaw is well developed and progressively accompanies strong jaws.
The tail of this type of dog is of low implantation, but strong and covered with abundant hair. It is never cut and towards the end of it tend to present some white spot the examples of cinnamon color. Its cranial regional is convex, with slightly marked occipital protuberance.
Regarding their behavior, it should be noted that this species has great intelligence and is very sociable. It is balanced and affectionate, very faithful to its owner. You will always be attentive to ensure your safety and have a great capacity for training. Sometimes he mistrusts strangers and acts as a great guardian when he notices his master's absence. In that case, it may show some aggressiveness.
The Andalusian hound is a dog born to hunt, very resistant to fatigue. It is quick in its search and is used for both small and large game. It is an excellent hair and feather collector either in water or on rough terrain.
It has a sense of sight, smell and highly developed ear, which makes it especially good in rabbit hunting. One of the most typical functions of the large-sized hound is to accompany the greyhounds during the hare hunt. It should be noted that the podenco does not run over the piece, it does not frighten it, but acts with subtlety, in the same way that it moves through the tunnels and passages that the pieces make in the undergrowth.
FOOD AND CARE
The food needs of the podenco range between 1,350 kilocalories per day for males and 1,200 for females. In the specimens used for hunting, these values must be increased to counteract the large expenditure of energy they carry out.
Also, this breed of dog is not prone to problems and diseases, so it does not need beyond the basic and veterinary care common to all dogs. It should be noted that it requires continued exercise to keep it healthy and balanced. In addition, as in other hunting dogs, it is convenient to perform a periodic inspection after each day in the field, in order to discover the possible spikes stuck or parasites in the skin or hair. Regarding its coat, it is recommended to brush it weekly with a rubber glove. You need few bathrooms, usually one per month.
The Andalusian podenco is a hunter par excellence, with good social character. Hunting from sun to sun. It is versatile and hard
The Andalusian podenco is the most recognized hunting dog in Spain and in truth, reasons are not lacking. Rustic animal, with great resistance to diseases, temperate in its diet, and versatile in terms of hunting.
It is a hunter par excellence, with good social character. Hunting from sun to sun. It is versatile and hard. He was in the field, hunting, being useful, for centuries, although social institutions, turned their backs.
The specialized dog breeds became fashionable, which led them to look for them outside our country. English and German dogs filled our kennels. Why turn your eyes on the podenco?
That was the village dog, the hunter's dog away from the most commercial hunting circuits, of the hunting organizations.
But the Andalusian podenco is a lot of dog to surrender to so much stupidity. This dog remained and finally emerged as one of the most complete Spanish hunting breeds. It could not be otherwise.
The Andalusian podenco is able to hunt almost everything, it is unbeatable for the rabbit and as effective for the partridge as a sample dog, not to mention its millenary employment as the basis of the Spanish mountain rehalas.
It is a dog for all types of land, responds wisely to its environment, the mount, the bush, the fallow, dry land or irrigated by streams and rivers, no fighter finds it difficult.
His main hunting piece is the rabbit, he works like a good lifter and tenaciously follows the trail, using the same nose, sight and hearing, the only breed that uses these three senses in equal measure to hunt.
His ears always looking at the sky, wide at its base and pointed at the end, highly mobile, are adapted to capture the smallest sounds that the rabbit emits in its flight.
The Andalusian hound the most recognized hunting dog
The position of the eyes, Small, oblique, almond-shaped, slightly lateral, it allows a wide viewing angle and protection against the intense light of Andalusia.
His wide noses, wide, which facilitate pulmonary ventilation, are endowed with a smell of great finesse and ability to conveniently discriminate the odors of the different pieces.
The podenco hunts with intuition and ease, or at least that is the impression the hunter receives when he sees his dogs work. They beat the right, the necessary, insightful before the rabbit's tricks, they are very fast of movements, exhibiting a portentous agility.
Its chest slightly lowered, being above the elbows, facilitates a great freedom of movement of the previous limbs, which are not hindered by the rubbing of the elbows with the chest, facilitating abrupt changes of direction.
They may not be spectacular hunting because they lack the plasticity of the sample, but they are practical and effective like no other.
It is endowed with a lot of background, its physical resistance seems to have no end and doses its energies throughout the day of hunting, so that in endurance it surpasses most of the dog breeds.
The skin is well attached to the body, which favors that great resistance. Another of its virtues, to keep in mind, is that they are born and very possessive collectors, they never deliver the piece charged to anyone other than its owner.
Locate the injured parts effectively and recover them even in the most difficult places. Its dry and elongated head, with a narrow and long snout, allows it to charge between the most closed bushes.
Personally, I have had the great luck of being able to hunt with my podenco "pepe". In addition to my faithful hunting companion, he became an excellent companion dog. For what I apologize for my lack of objectivity. Is my dog
Trunk, tail and neck
A fast dog is not the same as a fast moving dog. The Andalusian podenco is the latter. It has to go from the tense rest of, for example, a stop, to the very rapid movement of an attack to get out of the bush with the piece in the mouth. And I do not speak only of a piece of hair, since I have seen some podenco of 'a lot of mouth', as we say the podenqueros when referring to specimens that take a lot of hunting tooth, get out of the bush with a partridge caught to tooth in it Time to start the flight. And catching tooth hunting should come into the plans of every hobbyist. Who does not like that your dog picks up teeth, you better change your breed. I compare many times these rapid movements of attack, in the specimens that best execute it, with the attack of a viper, that to see it well you have to do it in slow motion.
For this mobility, a rather short body (as set by the official standard) and well muscled is needed, especially in the dorsal and lumbar area, with a type of tight and fibrous muscle, the same to apply to short and fast efforts and the opposite of the saddled and elongated body of other types of dogs, selected for other functions.
The chest should be rather wide, more in males, but also somewhat deeper than in females to house a good ribcage, without reaching the extreme of looking like a strength dog. Of course, the excessive proximity between the elbows in straight aplombs is considered defect. The podenco spends less energy on the hunt than other trotting or galloping dogs, since its hunt must be a light walk and only go into the race when it takes the piece ahead. The hound who, as an adult, seeks hunting for the race, simply does not work. This makes its resistance measured in hours of performance in the field, if it is a dog with a lung box and musculature as they should be and is properly fed, is very high, even hunting him out for several days in a row. As the podencos are gaining experience, they are dosed much more, and they run only when it is truly accurate, learning the hunter to come and go almost directly to the places dear to the hunt.
This is the most important part in defining a breed of dogs. It must be a pyramid trunk, as in all wild canids, with a mesocephalic skull and of the same length as that of the snout, with a little pronounced stop and not protruding eye orbits, so that they are damaged as little as possible in reeds or other weeds. sharp or sharp. The outer corner of the eye should be in line with the birth of the ear. The ears must be of medium insertion, completely erect in a state of attention, proportionate to the size of the specimen, and slightly mobile towards the sides, to orient them as a radar, since the ear is one of its main weapons in the hunt, hence the days of strong wind are the worst for the podenqueros. At the same time, the ears should be retractable, to quickly throw them back when facing the thicket with the muzzle in front and below, which is how it should be. If an Andalusian podenco enters a thick and sharp thicket, of the same height or higher, as if it were an equine, with the hands in front and the ears poisoned, bad.
The lips should be adjusted to the jaw, without the appearance of droopy belfos and with strong and well marked maxillary muscles. The denture must be complete in the copies suitable for reproduction, to the point that a male who is missing more than one premolar, has no right to be registered in the Register of Dog Breeds (RRC). A good Andalusian hound, however, must present the hunt captured alive tooth, so if we let it go, it can keep running again.
The eyes should be small and round, or slightly almond-shaped, honey colored. Blue eyes can be a symptom of albinism, especially in specimens with a predominance of the white layer. Finally, the look has to be frontal, like that of every good predator.
They must have straight aplombs and open angulations, with strong forearms and long arms in proportion to the body, with well-marked muscles in the rump and forearms, which are the parts that push the most to launch it to the fast sprint. The arms, although they should not be as thick as in other hunting breeds, should give a feeling of strength and rusticity, in the same way as the arms of any wild canid in proportion to its body. The feet have to be rounded, neither of cat nor of Hare, with arched fingers, although not in excess. The feet ‘of hare’, apart from being considered defective, have frequent nail breaks on dry land, especially in the effort of launching the body of rest or galloping. Nails will be white or brown, never black. The hard pads, very difficult to hover in sufficiently chained dogs.
Character in the hunt and in his kennel
While in its resting place, the adult podenco remains most of the time cast or in an attitude of rest. The podenco is very sparingly eating, to the point that many new podenqueros believe that their dog does not eat because of being sick. His character must be sociable, cheerful with his owner and harmless to extreme limits, especially with children, with whom he loves to play, although quite suspicious of strangers, a feature that has been enhanced over many years so that no one they could be approached when they carried hunting on their way to their owner or their home, the nights they were released to hunt alone.
Hunting they have to be serene, although not slow, dosing and moving from rest to rapid movement with a speed typical of a vermin. The collection is innate as soon as they assume the hierarchy of their owner. They tend to learn the memory hunter as soon as they travel a couple of times, hence if we take them to the hunt where there is no hunt, many anxious and not stuck in the shotgun heads straight to where they know there is.
Of the hunting style in the podencos We have already spoken on other occasions. You need frequent exercise in open areas during the closed season, since, as we have said, it is very quiet in its place of refuge.
Total hunter by nature
The vast Andalusian countryside is the means that this breed of hunting dogs has forged. A land characterized by its high temperatures and lack of rainfall, in which the dry season is extended up to six months -and more-, and temperatures that exceed many times forty degrees are recorded, which implies maximum evaporation. Thus, the Andalusian podenco had to be born dry, lean, rustic and frugal in their demands, asking for little and giving much. He is the representative of a land where he who does not comply is not worth it.
The Andalusian podenco is a hunting dog unique and exceptional for the Hispanic mountains. Of the different population podenquiles of our land, the Ibicenco, the Canary, and the Andalusian, possibly the latter is the most bastard in front of the original type of the race, preserved more genuinely in the islands. We must bear in mind that the oldest vestiges of the existence of dogs of type podenco go back to about nine thousand years before Christ, specifically in the Saharan steppe, in the Mesolithic age.
According to Przezdziecki in his book le The Hounds in Prehistory ’, the podencos arrived in Hispania by the hand of the Phoenicians. While in the Canary Islands and the Balearic Islands, due to the isolation effect created by insularity, there was hardly any miscegenation with other breeds, in the Peninsula, in the Andalusian countryside, it soon crossed paths with the country's dogs, trackers or sample. This resulted in an animal of smaller stature than the Ibizan hound but of better hunting qualities - since it is not limited only to rabbit- and much more docile, which allows an easier handling of the animal by the hunter, and with a notable less intraspecific aggressiveness, which has favored its integration into you remake and collars of all kinds.
In the Hispanic noon it is used in both big and small game to go after the rabbit, and occasionally it is also used for the hare and even the partridge. It is worth noting that some have a sample as firm and sustained as the best retriever can have it. With thick features we can place its hunting action between that of the tracking dogs (hounds and taps) and the race (greyhounds), because he can not act as the first to be less clever his nose, or as the second to be less fast than runners, even when in his hunting action he tracks, catches and runs the piece. It is the only dog that really hunts alike with sight, smell and hearing.
Undoubtedly, the late entry of the Andalusian podenco in the annals of the official cinofilia in nothing harmed the race. The Royal Canine Society of Spain did not recognize its existence until 1992, giving the paradox that at that time there were more podencos in Andalusian agriculture than the total sum of the remaining native races throughout the national territory. And I say that it did not harm, and I would almost say that it was beneficial, because while other native breeds had to compete with native breeds, being generally displaced by them - the Spanish hound by the French hounds, or our Burgos and retrievers from Navarra by dogs shows British-, there was no race that could compete with the Andalusian podencos in their performance in the field.
Like an immovable farallon, the Andalusian podenco endured all the fashions of fashions thanks to its functional performance and its ability to adapt. It is a hunting dog for hunters, a dog away from the whimsical world of cinephile structures, where the personal tastes of this or that judge or fashions impose the value of dogs above their functional qualities. The late recognition allowed the breed to be selected naturally, using the utility as a scale and eliminating those useless specimens for hunting, no matter how beautiful they possessed. The dichotomy between raising a hunting dog or raising a dog with papers (pedigree) has deeply damaged many hunting dog breeds, luckily not the Andalusian hound.
No dog breed is as genuinely characteristic of the Mediterranean basin as the podencos, ecotype of conejero dog. The Andalusian podencos in medium size and small size, both in straight and hard hair, are one of the best options for the rabbit hunt fan. Occasionally I have attended controversies about the benefits of a certain size or mantle to hunt in the brambles, but the truth is that in the mentioned types these differences go to a second term when we find a stubborn hound, hunter, with the thrust that characterizes the race. These podencos respond well in the most varied lands and hunting areas, as evidenced by their widespread dissemination throughout the Andalusian community and in the southern part of Castilla-La Mancha.
Whether in the mountains or on the plains, in the brambles or the prickly pears, whether the vegetation is rich or scarce, soft or arisca, the medium and small podenco is a winning option for the rabbit, the hare and the partridge in the jump . It is a pleasure to see them beat the weeds covered with undergrowth and the sotos to evict rabbits with loud barking, those who chase after a long race.
The Andalusian podencos are capable of almost everything, and you have to see them work in their double condition as a rabbit lifter and chaser along the trail to understand the deep meaning of an ancient hunting style, preserved thanks to its effective performance. They are dogs that beat what is necessary and work quickly, that do not waste energy in giving spectacle but that they dose it, hence their reputation as tireless in the bush.
Perfect for hair hunting
Observing the morphology, the external appearance of a dog, we see how it has been modified for its adaptation to a type of hunting and specific pieces, which allows us to deduce its hunting style. Well-defined morphological features point to the podenco as an unquestionable rabbit hunter. Analyzing its physical structure we observe a medium to large ear, poisoned, directed to the front but equipped with great mobility to capture the noise emitted by the rabbit in its movements.
The eyes are positioned semi-laterally, thus giving you a panoramic vision, a wide angle of vision to detect how much happens in your environment. It has a lupoid type head, dry and fine, with a long snout that can be introduced between the brambles to bite the crouched rabbit. His chest, little descended, is in the best specimens above the elbows. Such a chest does not hinder the mobility of the previous limbs and facilitates abrupt changes of direction, so necessary for the peculiar zigzagging of the rabbit when escaping through the undergrowth. The retracted belly, never agalgado, and the very muscular back members allow the muscular tension that it needs for the jump, those impressive boats that it gives between the undergrowth to observe the flight of the rabbit.
Other features of his physiognomy also show us his perfect adaptation to the Hispanic noon, characterized by high temperatures. The skin well attached to the body, with the absence of adipose panicle, which allows you to work on the hottest days without compromising your health, and tight feet, with well-picked fingers, necessary to move through dry and arid terrain.
The hunting style of the hounds is very personal and clearly shows that he is a specialist. The bearing of the head is that of a dog looking for the track on the ground, therefore it is tending to go low, with the nose not too far from the ground. The tail, forming a wide arc, indicates with vibrations the phases of the search. The ears alternate the maximum erection during the search with a lower perceptual tension, but without ever being relaxed. When the podenco detects a piece of hair, there is a harmonious fusion of physical, psychic and physiological qualities that include the tone of voice, movement and psychic balance. By its nature it uses when hunting all its senses (smell, sight, hearing), but also its whole body, transformed into hunting energy, as well as a quality that is unique and does not have any other breed of hunting dogs: the cleverness. The podenco is able to deceive and to avoid deceit, hunts stealthily, silently, when circumstances demand it, but it is a troublemaker, with that raucous and striking heartbeat he possesses, when needed.
The podenco does not run over the piece, it does not scare it, it acts with a method, with subtlety, in the same way that it moves in the mountain through the tunnels and passages that the pieces make among the weeds. It is not an imposition of the exterior in front of that nature, before a certain habitat and pieces, but it is part of that world, it is in communion with it. Unlike pointer, which goes from civilization to nature, the podenco is nature in its purest state, hence its unsurpassed hunter qualities emanate.
Hunting in broken terrain, in very closed mountains or in brambles is very hard, one hour of work of the podenco in these lands is equivalent to several hours of effort of the sample dog in the plain, sacrifice to which we have to add the high temperatures . The rabbit is a very serene animal, which even in the face of the greatest danger conserves cold blood, and can therefore offer a great challenge to the hounds. When the Andalusian locates the rabbit is transformed, it remains motionless, in tension to verify that the piece is hidden there. If so, the tail seems to take on a life of its own, moving left and right at high speed: it is a mechanical movement, produced by the enormous nervous tension to which the podenquillo is subjected.
Suddenly the characteristic beat of the race arises and begins to jipiar: it is the warning bark that will give way to a thousand times repeated history, the combat between the predator and his piece. Turn the dog around the kill looking for the point to attack, keeping the body arched and stretching to keep track of the place where he believes the piece is. It usually enters the bush or bramble on the side opposite the hunter so that the rabbit jumps facing the shotgun. Sometimes the skill of the hound or the awkwardness of the rabbit allows the dog to come out carrying the piece in the mouth, but usually the dog will undertake a quick race after the rabbit, beating with enthusiasm.
Yesterday peace, today confusion
I started talking about the late recognition of the Andalusian podenco by the Royal Canine Society and how that did not represent an inconvenience for the breed, which because of its undeniable utility was not displaced by any other. It would be assumed that after recognition everything would be honey on flakes, but it was not so. Shortly after the recognition by the RSCE we already had two opposing race clubs: on the one hand the first to be created, the National Club of the Andalusian Podenco, established in June 1990, and later, when the RSCE withdrawn the race for Dissidence among its managers, the Spanish Association of Breeders and Fans of Andalusian Podenco and Maneto.
It is surprising to see how a race that has remained unrestrained for thousands of years, as soon as it is touched by the so-called oficial official cynophilia ’becomes a hornet of disputes. There is a clear divorce among users of hunting dogs, the hunters, and the cinephile structures, which in the case of the Andalusian podenco has been revealed from the first steps for its recognition as a race. Before that recognition, the RSCE called on several occasions the Andalusian podenqueros to go with their dogs to concentrations where their technicians would be responsible for standardizing the breed. The Andalusian podenqueros responded to the call by attending a significant number, but with more curiosity than enthusiasm, because the man of Andalusian agriculture has known for millennia that little can be expected of what personal work itself is not. The cinephiles who from Madrid had attended those concentrations to give a chair were surprised to be the students of an ancient wisdom, that of the men who have raised and hunted with Andalusian hounds since the world is world.
This dog, the most authentic and genuine of ours, still struggles today to keep a hallmark away from the bureaucracy of the court. In spite of this, the breed lives a good moment, because the number of good dogs, notable animals in its category, is increasing, to which not only performance in the field is required, but also to meet the zootechnical requirements regarding its morphology, character and upbringing. The Andalusian podenco faces the future with the certainty that it is up to the demand of a society that asks for complete hunting dogs, where functionality has not been put at the service of beauty.
(Text: Eduardo de Benito / Photos: Archive)
Physical characteristics of the Andalusian Podenco
The Andalusian Podenco It has a robust and well proportioned body. It is protected by a layer of hair which can be sedentary (long and silky), smooth (fine and short) or Sardinia (long and hard), white, cinnamon or a combination of both. The head is cone-shaped, and its eyes are small, light amber. The tail is arched.
It can be divided into three sizes, which are:
- Large size: with a height at the cross of between 54 and 64cm if it is male, and from 45 to 53cm if it is female. It weighs about 27kg.
- Medium size: with a height at the cross of between 43 and 53cm if it is male, and from 42 to 52cm if it is female. It weighs about 16kg.
- Small size: with a height at the cross of between 35 and 42cm if it is male, and from 32 to 41cm if it is female. It weighs about 8kg.
It has a life expectancy of 10-12 years.
What is your character?
The Andalusian Podenco, like the rest of the Podencos, has been used and is still used today to hunt, especially rabbits and hares. For this reason, it is a dog that always on alert, but who will know at all times to reward those who care for him. It is therefore an animal faithful Y balanced which also has an excellent memory.
You can adapt without problems to live in an apartment, but you will need to be taken for a walk every day and play with it to be happy.
The Andalusian podenco is an animal that, due to its size, can live as we commented in apartments, flats, ... in short, rather small houses. But it is very important that, in addition to basic food, vaccination and training care, you get him to exercise every day because he has a lot of energy. In fact, if you prefer, you can sign up for a canine sports club, such as agility or disc-dog, where in addition to keeping fit, you will learn to be with other dogs and people, listen to your caregiver and follow him.
Otherwise, your health is very good. Puede tener, como cualquier otro perro, algún que otro resfriado o sentirse mal en algún momento, pero nada que no se pueda prevenir -al menos, en gran medida- con un buen plan de vacunación, una comida de alta calidad que no lleve cereales, ejercicio diario y cariño.
El Podenco andaluz es un animal que por su olfato y su desarrollado instinto cazador es capaz de afrontar con total éxito, desde la búsqueda del conejo en los zarzales, hasta el duro agarre del jabalí, pasando por el cobro de patos en el agua. Si a esta capacidad le añadimos la agilidad y resistencia extraordinaria que lo caracterizan nos encontramos ante un animal excepcionalmente dotado para la caza.
PUBLICACIÓN DEL ESTÁNDAR ORIGINAL VÁLIDO: Marzo 1992
CLASIFICACIÓN R.S.C.E.: Grupo 5º. Sección Perros de Caza.
DESCRIPCIÓN: El Podenco Andaluz es una raza que presenta tres tallas diferentes y dentro de éstas existen tres variedades de pelo distintas. Las tallas son:
Podenco Andaluz Talla Grande.
Podenco Andaluz Talla Mediana.
Podenco Andaluz Talla Chica.
En cuanto al pelo, éste puede ser de tres tipos:
Tipo cerdeño (duro y largo).
Tipo sedeño (sedoso y largo).
Tipo liso (corto y fino).
ASPECTO GENERAL: Es un perro armónico, compacto, muy rústico y bien aplomado.
TEMPERAMENTO/COMPORTAMIENTO: De gran inteligencia, nobleza, sociabilidad y siempre alerta. De justas reacciones a los estímulos que denotan un carácter vivo y equilibrado. Muy cariñoso, sumiso y leal con el dueño, pero rompe este vínculo ante el castigo injusto. Todo ello le confiere una gran capacidad para el adiestramiento.
Es un perro nacido para cazar, con un excelente olfato y muy resistente a la fatiga, no se amedrenta ante nada, metódico y rápido en la búsqueda, con un latir alegre tras la pieza, tanto en la caza mayor como en la menor, siendo un excelente cobrador de pelo y pluma, ya sea en agua o terreno accidentado.
CABEZA: El perro Podenco Andaluz es de cabeza mediana, bien proporcionada y fuerte. De forma tronco-piramidal, sin presentar fuerte depresión entre cráneo y cara, cuya terminación no es puntiaguda, sino más bien cuadrada y hocico terminado en una ligera subconvexidad.
Forma del cráneo: Subconvexo.
Dirección de los ejes longitudinales superiores del cráneo y del hocico: De perfil, coincidentes anteriormente, formando un ángulo de 18º.
Contorno superior: Levemente subconvexo.
Ancho del cráneo: Inferior a su longitud con muy poca diferencia.
Forma de los arcos superficiliares: Poco pronunciados.
Protuberancia de la cresta occipital: Suavemente marcada.
“Stop” (grado de la depresión naso-frontal): Suave y poco pronunciado.
Trufa: De forma redondeada, de tamaño medio, fosas nasales bien abiertas y color miel.
Hocico: Más corto que la mitad de la medida total de la cabeza. La profundidad y la anchura son similares. Perfil naso frontal: Recto, con suave inclinación en su extremo distal. Perfil y forma de la mandíbula inferior: Recta.
Labios: Firmes, finos, bien ajustados y de color miel.
Mandíbula y dientes: Forma de la mandíbula: La mandíbula está bien desarrollada y acompaña progresivamente a fuertes maxilares para dar un conjunto robusto y potente. Número y características de los dientes: 42 piezas y bien desarrolladas. Posición de los incisivos: En perfecta oposición. Piro de mordida: En tijeras o pinzas (preferentemente en tijeras).
Mejillas. Forma y apariencia: Redondeadas y muy musculadas.
Ojos: De tamaño pequeño y forma redondeada, vistos de frente. Su colocación a similar distancia de la nuca y de la trufa, de mirada frontal vivaz, e inteligente. Iris de color variable entre los distintos tonos miel o avellana. La dirección de la apertura de los párpados va a la base de las orejas. La pigmentación de los bordes de los párpados en concordancia con el color de la trufa o pelaje.
Orejas: La colocación de la oreja es de inserción media, con amplia base de implantación, levantada enérgicamente cuando está en atención. Su forma es triangular con las puntas romas. El extremo lateral de la base coincide con el ángulo exterior del ojo.
Cuello: El perfil superior es casi recto, de mediano tamaño, de forma cilíndrica, con amplia inserción en la cabeza y el tronco, tendiendo a formar un ángulo de 45º con el diámetro longitudinal del cuerpo. De gran musculatura y piel ajustada que nunca forma papada.
CUERPO: La línea superior o línea dorsal tiene tendencia a la horizontalidad.
Cruz: Características: Cruz poco prominente y de amplia inserción en el cuello.
Dorso: La línea superior es recta, la musculatura bien desarrollada. Proporción de la longitud del dorso y riñón: Relación dorso/riñones: 2/1
Lomo: Longitud: Corta. Anchura: De gran anchura. Musculatura: Muy desarrollada.
Grupa: Contorno: Ligeramente redondeada. Dirección: Ligeramente inclinada. Longitud: Larga. Anchura: De similares dimensiones a la longitud.
Pecho: Longitud: El pecho de longitud y anchura similar al diámetro bicostal. Profundidad de la caja torácica: Es bastante profunda. Forma de las costillas: De costillares robustos y ligeramente arqueados. Antepecho: Ancho, profundo y fuertemente musculado.
Abdomen: Contorno inferior: Recogido. Forma de abdomen: El vientre es redondeado y musculoso. Forma de los pliegues del vientre: No tiene pliegues en el vientre.
Inserción: De implantación baja.
Longitud: No debe sobrepasar en longitud al corvejón.
Espesor: De grosor mediano.
Porte en reposo: En forma de sable hacia los corvejones.
Porte en movimiento: En forma de media luna hacia arriba, más o menos cerrada.
Descripción del rabo: Fuerte, recubierto de abundante pelo, que nunca forma bandera, durante la caza lo mueve alegremente, nunca se corta. Hacia el final del mismo suelen tener alguna mancha blanca los ejemplares de color canela.
Apariencia General: Patas delanteras vistas de frente: De grosor medio, aplomos correctos y desarrollo muscular acusado. Patas delanteras vistas de lado: Brazos de proporciones medias presentado fuerte musculatura y articulados armónicamente con la escápula, sin aparecer marcado el encuentro, codos amplios, destacados y paralelos al plano medio del cuerpo. Proporción en relación al cuerpo: Bien proporcionado.
Hombros: Longitud: De proporciones medias. Inclinación: Escasamente oblicua. Musculatura: Fuerte. Inclinación del ángulo de la articulación escápulo-humeral: Escasamente oblicuo.
Brazo: Longitud: De longitud media y desarrollo muscular acusado. Características y forma del hueso: Fuertes.
Codo: Posición y ángulo del codo: Codos amplios, destacados, y paralelos al plano medio del cuerpo, de ángulos abiertos.
Antebrazo: La longitud del antebrazo es proporcionada al resto de la extremidad y de fuerte musculatura. Características y forma del hueso: Fuertes.
Carpos: Ancho: De similar grosor que el antebrazo.
Metacarpo: Longitud: De mediana longitud y bien proporcionado. Anchura: De similar grosor al carpo. Posición o inclinación: Casi vertical.
Pie Delantero: Forma y curvatura de los dedos: Pie de forma redondeada, ni de gato ni de liebre. La curvatura de los dedos poco pronunciada. Casi rectos y fuertes. Las uñas son de color blanco o castaño, anchas y fuertes. Las almohadillas son duras y resistentes de color claro o castaño.
Apariencia General: Bien aplomados, muy fuertes y de gran desarrollo muscular. Patas traseras vistas por detrás: Fuertes y perfectamente aplomadas. Proporción en relación al cuerpo: largas.
Muslos: Longitud: Largos, anchos, con musculatura desarrollada y descienden escasamente oblicuos. El ángulo de la articulación coxo-femoral: De 110 grados aproximadamente.
Rodillas: Posición: Media-Alta. Ángulo de coyuntura femoro-tibial: Aproximadamente de 110 grados.
Pierna: Es fuerte, con un tendón calcáneo grueso que rápidamente se separa de la tibia para agrupar un paquete muscular muy desarrollado. Longitud: Corta en relación al muslo Posición: Bastante vertical. Forma y características del hueso: Fuerte.
Corvejón: Está bien acodado, de gruesos tendones y apretados. Es corto y lejos de tierra. Bien proporcionado con el resto de los demás diámetros óseos. Grosor: De similar grosor al metatarso vistos por detrás. Ángulo de la articulación tibio-tarsinana: De 150 a 160 grados.
Metatarso: Longitud: Muy largo. Anchura: En vista posterior más grueso que la pierna. Posición: Vertical.
Pie Trasero: Los pies son prácticamente iguales que las manos, o algo más abiertos y alargados. Forma: Mediano ni de gato, ni de liebre. Curvatura de los dedos: Similar a los delanteros, fuertes con escasa curvatura. Los pulpejos (almohadillas) son duras y resistentes de color blanco o castaño. Las uñas son anchas y duras, de color blanco o castaño.
MOVIMIENTO: El movimiento preferido en los concursos y exposiciones es el trote. En la caza es el trote rápido intercalado con galope.
PIEL: Es de mediano grosor, fuerte, bien ajustada y de gran resistencia, no existiendo ni pliegues ni arrugas en ninguna región corporal. Pigmentación: La piel es de coloración clara o en armonía con el color del pelo.
Longitud: Pelo liso o corto: 2 cm. con ± 1 cm. Pelo duro o cerdeño: 5 cm. con ± 1 cm. Pelo largo o sedeño: 8 cm. con ± 2 cm.
Textura: El pelo liso o corto al tacto es duro y asentado. El pelo duro o cerdeño al tacto es recio. El pelo largo o sedeño al tacto es sedoso. Tanto en el tipo sedeño como en el cerdeño, el perro está revestido por abundante pelo por todas las regiones corporales presentándose algo más corto en las extremidades y en la cabeza. Destacándose la ausencia de subpelo.
Color básico: La capa es blanca o canela, o bien integrada por ambos colores. El color blanco existe en sus variantes plateada, mate y marfil, y el canela puede variar desde el claro al canela encendido.
Colores admitidos: El canela y el blanco.
Colores no admitidos: El resto de los colores.
TAMAÑO Y PESO:
Altura a la Cruz:
Machos: 54-64 cm.
Hembras: 53-61 cm.
Machos: 43-53 cm.
Hembras: 42-52 cm.
Machos: 35-42 cm.
Hembras: 32-41 cm.
Talla Grande: 27 kg. ± 6 kg.
Talla Mediana: 16 kg. ± 6 kg.
Talla Chica: 8 kg. ± 3 kg.