The Maltese bichon is a breed of dog that needs special care for its hair because it is one of its main characteristics and must always be healthy and taken care of.
The Maltese bichon is a dog of small size and with a behavior very similar to those of its size. It is a dog that is usually quite excitable and barking, with a very fast reaction time to any daily stimulus. In addition, it is a race without aggressiveness, although not very obedient. It is a dog that needs to be always companion and very social, with the ability to understand any other breed of dogs and even cats. It is very easy to educate him for his high memory capacity and observation power and he is very affectionate with humans.
The hair of this breed is one of its main characteristics. The Maltese bichon must have straight hair, because if it is curly it is because the dog has a defect. In addition, your hair has to be completely white. One of the good things about this breed is that, despite the amount of hair it has, it does not fall out. So it is an ideal dog for those who hate having the house with dog hair.
What it takes to cut your hair
If you want to cut your hair at home, you need a series of products to make it look as good as possible. Whenever you can, you have to use scissors to cut the hair of the Maltese bichon before using a blade or an electric razor. Ideally, only the tips be cut so as not to spoil the coat. In addition, it would be best to use two types of scissors, one more appropriate for the body and other more specific for sensitive sites such as the face or ears.
When you cut your hair near areas that are close to the tear of the pet, such as the nose or mouth, you must use specific wipes to clean the area well and prevent that area from flushing. The shampoo and conditioner for washing later may be one that is specific to the breed and that maintains and enhances the white color of its coat. And finally, you can use billo spray, but this is optional, to give an extra shine to the hair. This is especially for bichones who compete in beauty pageants.
This breed needs constant care to keep hair healthy and clean. One of the first cares to be carried out is to brush it daily with a rotating barbed comb and put moisturizer to undo the knots, which are one of the biggest problems of the hair of this breed. By having such long hair they get tangled easily and by trying to remove the knots you can hurt him. Also, you should never brush your hair dry because your hair is broken.
You have to bathe them frequently and not spend more than three weeks without washing them. For the bath, you must first apply a neutral shampoo to remove dirt and then a moisturizer. It is necessary to rinse with abundant water so as not to leave any remains, and then you have to apply conditioner without rinsing. Then you have to dry the hair of the bichon with hot air (with dryer) in the direction of the hair and you have to brush it until it is completely dry and a completely smooth mane remains. In the end, another spray conditioner has to be applied and with a brush we will spread it through the most superficial layer of the mane.
When a bichon's hair is cut, it tends to curl and with more intensity the shorter it takes. Therefore, if we want to have a long-haired Maltese bichon, we only have to cut off the ends when the dog takes it too long. If, on the contrary, we want to have a bichon with short hair, it is more advisable to cut it often, little by little, than to let it grow a lot because it will curl much more. When cutting, you have to take into account that you have to leave at least 2.5-3 centimeters in length so that you do not see the skin and have enough hair to protect you.
If the hairdresser does not want to cut the hair with scissors and do it with a machine, they should not leave less than 5mm of hair because it would be totally unprotected. It is recommended that you leave a minimum of 7 mm because the sun can cause skin cancer. Although it is the fastest, it is the least good for this breed to shave it with a razor and if it can be avoided, the better. It is very common for owners who have this breed to put coletitas, but if not, you can also cut the bangs. When it comes to cutting your hair, you can make very creative and original cuts, since they are dogs that wear any hairstyle.
In addition to the daily and essential care to keep the hair of your Maltese bichon healthy, it is good as a supplement to give vitamins to stimulate hair growth. In addition, canned tuna can be a very good food for the care of your mane. Feeding a can a week in olive oil feeds their hair inside, and they love it.
What care does a Maltese bichon need?
They are beautiful companion dogs that can live between 10 to 16 years if they are given due care.
Among the care that a Maltese bichon we have:
- A walk a day is enough to make them happy for their small size do not need much physical activity, unlike other races, so it makes them ideal for living in an apartment.
- Enjoy games with them and pay attention to them for a while so you can enjoy their company and not feel frustrated and start playing with the things in the house.
- Dog grooming to reduce your fur if you don't want to comb it every day. For his long silky hair, you should bathe with special shampoo. Thus we ensure that you always have it bright and beautiful: in addition, you have to comb it daily to avoid knots and skin diseases.
- It prevents the skin from being licked: when it is irritated it tends to lick itself, which causes its hair to turn pink in the affected area and create bacteria that can make your injury worse. It is important to treat the irritation and place generally bitter tasting products to take away the habit of licking.
- Control your weight: overweight in some puppies causes limb problems especially the knees, producing what is known as Patellar Dislocation. To solve this problem it is necessary to operate the dog.
- General review from time to time to detect possible problems such as bladder stones. Although this problem is not very common, it causes pain to the dog, difficulties in urinating, depression and loss of appetite in more serious cases can lose his life.
- Take care of the cleanliness of your teeth using in addition to brushing, utensils such as nylon bones, carnaza and chewable toys that take care of the health of your teeth.
- Pending halitosis: if your dog has halitosis it may have digestive or gum problems, which warrants a visit to the veterinarian.
- Clear the hair from the eyes: this is done to avoid eye problems in the puppy, where the hair between the eyes and causes irritation.
- Clean your ears from time to time to avoid infections.
- Check their legs after each walk in case they have herbs or thorns that can hurt them.
- They are fragile to falls, so they are not recommended pets for families living in the countryside.
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Today we want to talk to you about one of the races we raised in our Center: the Maltese Bichon. This breed should be given attention and care to keep its long mantle in perfect condition.
To do this, we will divide your care into two parts:
On the one hand, the hair along the loin, and on the other, his head. If we focus on the latter, it is usually collected in one or two colettes. To the taste of each owner.
If the Maltese's hair is not well taken care of and brushed regularly, it will be difficult for him to look in all its splendor. In addition, it causes knots and can lead to “unwanted friends” being installed in their fur. To avoid this, we give you the following tips:
Everything you should know about the Maltese bichon
If you are thinking of buying a toy dog or teecup, it is very likely that the Maltese bichon is one of your best options. These kids, which are a real cuteness of both puppies and adults, make many wish to have them at home but it is important, before making a decision, that you make sure that their needs adapt to the type of life you can offer them.
Its physical characteristics will allow you to transport them easily to all places, no matter whether it is in a bag or in arms, buy as much clothes and accessories as you want (as the market is full of miniature dog items), live perfectly with them Although you can not carry weight and have them in a small apartment or apartment, spaces where they will follow you everywhere in search of pampering and attention.
As for the possible cons of this breed, there is the fact that they are very fragile before the falls, so they should be avoided at all costs, which does not make them a good option for families with children too young, although they are ideal for children a little older. Without a doubt, they are calm and obedient dog breeds.
Its lower strength and thoracic capacity does not make them very advisable for people or families who want to live a lot of air in the book accompanied by their pets, with which to develop an intense physical activity.
Having said that, the best thing is that you have clear expectations that you want to see fulfilled with the arrival in your life of this new member of the family, before opting for one breed or another of dog.
The fact that it is called Maltese or Maltese terrier bichon, is because it comes from the word "malat", which means port and not specifically from Malta, although it does have an Italian or, at least, Mediterranean origin.
This breed comes directly from those small dogs that were walking through all the ports and the coastal cities of the Mediterranean with the intention of being able to hunt mice.
Not surprisingly, it is one of the oldest dog breeds that have been found to exist, placing their direct ancestors 3,000 years ago. One of these lovely puppies (or at least very similar in appearance) is already in the 5th century BC, in an amphora located in the Etruscan city of Vulci.
These kids were so valued, that in Greco-Roman antiquity, the nobles delighted with their young as entertainment, also serving the midwives.
Now, its remote origin is in Asia, probably in the Tibet area, which makes these little dogs related to Tibetan terriers. It is very likely that this dog arrived in Europe from ancient Egypt and here began a selection of smaller specimens, an extreme that is not sufficiently documented.
Centuries later the Maltese bichon continued to be very popular, being a faithful companion on the docks of the Maltese and Sicilian ports.
The curious fact that in the eighteenth century, some of the fans of this breed began to become obsessed with the possibility of gradually reducing the size of the small bichon, to the point that specimens whose size did not exceed that of a squirrel was not exceeded .
Already in the nineteenth century there were several varieties of Maltese, which reached different colors. Finished this trend, only the breeding of white specimens continued, as we know them today ...
Characteristics and physical features
This nice dog, always alert and full of life, is part of a miniature breed, which does not mean that it is a "soft" dog, since it was considered a terrier for a long time, which makes from time to time I show some characteristic of this breed, among which are the fact that he was an expert rat hunter, who sometimes even managed to catch a badger ...
With a weight of between 3 and 4 kilos, the British standard marks that its height at the cross should not exceed 25.5 centimeters. It is a compact race that has the same length of the cross at birth as of the tail that from the ground to the cross.
History of the Maltese Bichon
The origin of the Maltese Bichon is not very clear, although it seems that the breed existed more than 2000 years ago. It seems that its name comes from the Semitic word màlat, which means refuge or port, since their ancestors lived in Mediterranean coastal cities and ports, where they were used to hunt mice and rats. At the time of Aristotle (384-1225 BC) there were some small-breed dogs called Melitean dogs, which could be predecessors of our Maltese Bichon.
In the 17th and 18th centuries some breeders began to modify the breed, making it even smaller. He was recognized as an official breed in 1954, approving his current standard in 1989.
Color and coat
The most significant aspect of this breed is the white coat, which will require regular maintenance so that the fringes of hair are pristine and in perfect condition.
It is very common for owners to collect their very long fur in a bun, leaving their face in sight and removing the fur from their eyes, which enhances their attractive appearance that so many fans attract.
The truth is that although it is a white and long coat that requires a series of regular care, it does not have a sublayer, which makes maintenance work somewhat easier. In addition, a well-groomed coat of these characteristics will never end up watered by the house, since it does not release it, which is another advantage that this breed offers.
As to its weight is smooth and its appearance resembles that of silk and not that of wool, as with the mantle of some races with him related. If you want to get the most out of the beauty of your pet, it is normal for you to leave your hair very long, but as long as the length is not such that it ends up making it difficult to move.
If you have a magnificent Maltese bichon to present for exposure, you should not rely on the popular saying that “a good coat covers everything”, because although the coat can help hide certain faults, the logical thing is that the judge makes a careful exploration below the layer, in order to find out the true constitution of the specimen in question.
The Maltese's coat must be white, although it is allowed to present light yellowish spots or it can also be light ivory. One of its main singularities is the strong contrast between the whiteness of its hair and the darkness of its truffle as well as its eyes, which also present around an area of dark skin. Her ears are hairy, hanging and tiny.
Its tail curls on the spine and its long hair gives a very distinguished appearance to this little boy, who when he wears his long coat of well-groomed hair, seems to float instead of walking on the ground.
Some curiosities about the Maltese Bichon
- The Maltese appears in many pre-Christian works of art.
- It was the dog Women's favorite in Imperial Rome, becoming known as a dog of the Roman patricians.
- They were very valued by the Egyptians.
- In Greece, the first records of the race are due to Aristotle.
This breed, which has once received the names of Canis Melitaeus (port dog in Latin), old Maltese dog, Maltese lion dog or Roman ladies dog, is a Sweet pet, affable and sometimes quite sensitive.
Many are those who say that these children have "something" that encourages us to stop looking at them, responding to our eyes with other tender and satisfied at the same time.
Playful, energetic and very, very happy, in a very short time you will adore him and you will not be able to do without his loyal company. Faithful, intelligent and very awake when it comes to learning new tricks, it will not take long to bark if you hear a noise that is suspicious, so apart from being an excellent companion dog, what is also guardian.
Another advantage of this breed is its innate ease of learning, due in large part to its calm nature, which will give you full attention and obey the first most of your orders.
Animated and funny as they are alone, they have the peculiarity that it seems that time does not pass by them, since they grow up in most cases preserving their cheerful and playful character. They are fascinated by enclosed spaces so, as we have already indicated, they will adapt perfectly to apartments, small apartments or houses with small gardens.
Despite what has been said, among his main hobbies will be going out to play outdoors and some will even enjoy getting into the puddles. As well is happy jumping and going around constantly.
Very affectionate with its owners, the Maltese bichon is very individualistic and has a hard time accepting strangers. Refined and very dear, they are clean and scrupulous until exhaustion. They are small but very brave and there are those that stand out in the mini-agility tests while for others the ideal ones are those of obedience.
Relationship with other pets
This little one will burn in desires that you give him the attention he requires. Very elegant, knows how to behave in all situations, so it will relate very well to the rest of dogs and pets in the house.
This behavior is very advantageous., because there are other miniature breeds that have a much more territorial character that greatly hinders the coexistence with other pets, because they want to monopolize the attention of the owners exclusively.
That is why if you already have a dog or a cat at home, you should not fear the reaction of the little Maltese bichon, it would be very rare that he did not know how to adapt well to living with them.
Relationship with children
As for living with children, we have already referred to that in the event that you decide to adopt a Maltese bichon, you must set certain limits for your children, if you do not want to acquire undesirable habits since childhood. For example, if your children engage in annoying the little Maltese puppy to hear their barking, the puppy will end up becoming too barking, something that will undoubtedly end up negatively impacting his character once he becomes an adult.
It should be noted again that as with most small dogs, it is a pet with a lot of energy and playful, but little prepared to carry out too long physical wear, so when playing with it, especially in the case of children who may be more unconscious in this regard, it is very important to remember that their limits should not be exceeded at the level of fatigue, as an overexertion will not do you any good.
It is undeniable that one of the factors that most affects the beauty of the fur of a long-haired breed, the style of the Maltese bichon, is apart from intense hygiene and careful care, proper nutrition.
This breed does not require special complications in relation to food, only that adequate doses of food are ingested (which should not be too abundant), several times a day, since being energetic animals, with a metabolism a little accelerated, proper rationing is the most correct feeding pattern.
Having a high quality dry feed, one of the best brands, is the ideal way to meet your nutritional requirements. That this feed contains in its composition 30% meat and around 18% pure protein and fat, would be an appropriate proportion to take into account.
One of the best known characteristics of the Maltese bichon is that it is a very scrupulous breed as far as hygiene is concerned. These little ones love to present a very clean appearance as well as that everything around them is also immaculate. In the event that this does not happen, they may be stressed and feel very uncomfortable.
As if this were not enough, as any breed of long hair needs intense care in which bathing, combing and drying hair refers. This is a factor that should be considered before adopting a specimen of this breed, because it follows that, given its size the Maltese does not require too intense physical activity, yes you need meticulous daily care and grooming, even more if he wears a long mantle.
On the other hand, we must think that the fact of keeping our furry friend as clean as possible, has a positive impact on the well-being of the whole family, with which he will maintain close contact, due to his outgoing and friendly character.
As already indicated and although at first it might seem otherwise, if you are going to adopt a Maltese bichon you should not be afraid to spend the day picking hairs from the floor and the sofa, since this breed lacks what is known as second layer of hair, which is also called subpelo or wool, so do not change your mantle. This makes them hypoallergenic pets, ideal for all people allergic to animal hair and who do not want to give up having a dog at home.
Like all miniature dogs, this breed tends to accumulate problems of dental plaque and tartar, and therefore, of bad breath, which can be fought with a correct periodic tooth brushing, which will surely be a habit that bothers you, for what is recommended get used to it from puppy.
Bath and drying
The bath of the Maltese bichon is recommended, as in the rest of these races, around once a month, with a specific quality shampoo for its delicate fur.
After removing it from the bathroom, you should dry the excess water with a dry towel, which absorbs all possible water, after which you will use the dryer, being careful not to get it too close to your small body or use an excessively high temperature, as This could burn your skin. After bathing, you should start brushing.
The hair of the Maltese bichon requires a daily brushing since it is very prone to many knots that can then be very difficult to remove. Avoid it go through brush your cloak every day.
To do this you can help yourself with a conditioner spray that allows you to pass the brush, while also hydrating skin and hair. With the brush you will be combing gently in favor of hair without leaving a centimeter without brushing. Once you have distributed the product, you can brush more thoroughly.
You may be curious to know that there are also other products that help maintain a long, straight and flashy mantle, such as hair whitening products, whose color is bright white, with which to fix the hair of our faithful friend from head to toe. Other products that you should not miss in your daily grooming are scissors and specific combs.
From the beginning you have to be clear if you want your pet to enjoy it only as a family or to exhibit it in competitions or exhibitions, in which case you will have no choice but to try to enhance your natural beauty, for what is an excellent idea to resort to the services of a professional canine stylist.
Vaccines and antiparasitic treatments
Finally, the health of your pet, will depend largely on your submission to the vaccination schedule That your veterinarian recommends. In the same way, this professional will indicate the preventive treatments based on antiparasitic pipettes and collars with which to avoid infection by fleas, ticks and intestinal worms, parasites that can wreak havoc on your health.
More common diseases
Although in general it can be said that the Maltese is a dog that enjoys good health and resistance, as in the rest of the breeds, it is prone to suffer some pathologies more than others. In the case of Maltese they are the following:
- Extremity problems> How to train it?
These funny dogs of affable character and playful spirit They will take advantage of their daily walk to establish relationships with other people and dogs, so this exercise has an undeniable effect of socialization on them.
The important thing is to let it smell and be able to interact freely with other pets, which will make you more sociable every day. Ten minutes of short but constant classes on each walk will be enough to teach you basic obedience, which will be based on a Education always in positive.
It is proven that this type of education will make your Maltese bichon understand you better and will yield better and more lasting results. Whenever you do something right, reward him in the form of beautiful and cheerful words, of caresses, letting him play with his favorite toy or pampering him with caresses. Make a training game and motivate your faithful partner to learn, not getting frustrated if at any time your level of attention falls.
General characteristics of the Maltese Bichon
- The Maltese Bichon is a small dog about 20-25 cm tall.
- Your weight varies between 3 and 4 kg. The smallest weigh between 1.2 and 2 kg.
- The Life expectancy of a Maltese Bichon is estimated between 12 and 15 years, even more.
- His eyes are dark brown, round skull and small forehead.
- His hair is soft and white, being able to present toasted and light brown tones in the ears. It is very thin and long, with a tendency to form knots.
- Owns a hairy tail It curves over the back.
- Owns a single layer of hair.
- Has short and straight legs.
The Maltese Bichon is very affectionate and intelligent, easy to socialize. They get along very well with children, to those who must be taught to treat it delicately.
Because of its size, they don't need much exercise, a daily walk is enough, although they love to go for a walk outdoors.
They must be trained through a training with positive reinforcement and socialize it properly, to achieve a balanced dog that is not nervous about other dogs or people. They are very playful and love to do pirouettes.
It is important feed them with good quality feed Specific for dogs of its characteristics. You can check all brands, features, prices and offers in our post of the best brands of dog food.
The zeal and pregnancy of a Maltese Bichon
The first heat of a Bichon Maltese dog takes place after 6 months of age, but until the third heat it is not recommended to cross it. This happens towards the year and a half or two years of age of the dog. Before, your reproductive channel is not fully developed may have problems.
The pregnancy lasts between 58 and 62 days and usually they have between 3 and 8 offspring, depending on the size of the mother.
The maximum age to cross a Maltese Bichon It stands at 7 years, since at this age fertility begins to decrease.
Being a small breed dog, you will need a series of special care and precautions.
Consult your veterinarian before crossing your dog and when she gets pregnant, so she can make a good pregnancy follow-up and guarantee your well-being.
How to care for a Bichon Maltese puppy
- What> What diseases can a Maltese Bichon have
The most typical hereditary diseases of Bichon Maltese are:
- Patella injuries. The knee joint is stabilized by several ligaments that can suffer tears. The sudden appearance of lameness in the hind legs may be due> How to choose the most suitable toys for a Maltese Bichon
- The toy size It is important. You should look for small toys to play safely> Conclusions