The cataracts in pets and animals they occur when the lens (a lens that is inside the eye and allows focusing) loses its transparency. If the lens is not transparent, the patient loses vision: the more advanced the cataract, the more vision loss. In the most severe cases, the patient may be totally blind.
The Causes that produce them are very varied:
3.- for systemic diseases such as diabetes or hypocalcemia
4.- traumatic causes
5.- by internal inflammation of the eye.
In many cases you can see a white cloud in the center of the eye without the need for any special scanning device.
If that cloud is accompanied by a certain awkwardness of movements, decreased activity, blows with objects that remain out of place or blindness, we will surely face a case of cataracts.
The complete ophthalmologic examination will confirm or not the suspicion.
The only effective treatment is the surgical intervention.
In cases where the cause is a general illness (for example, diabetes), it is very important to treat that disease as well.
Non-operated cataracts normally progress and may cause inflammation of other internal structures of the eye ( uveitis ). In some cases, these uveitis lead to increased pressure inside the eye ( glaucoma ).
Retinal detachments, lens dislocations and vitreous body degenerations can also occur in animals with untreated cataracts.
Regular visits to the Veterinarian will detect as soon as possible diseases that can cause cataracts if left untreated.
In addition, with an early diagnosis, we can avoid the complications that can cause.
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How to know if my cat has cataracts?
We will know if you have cataracts when we see an opaque, blue-gray spot in one or both eyes of the animal. This is one of the signs that will indicate that the cat is having serious problems to see well, but also, we will notice changes in its behavior to the point that it could not recognize us, trip over objects, be insecure when walking, and miscalculate the distances
So, we will see him walking in a very insecure way, taking very high steps to try to touch with his leg anything in front of him. But there will also be changes in your eyes, such as:
- Very wet eyes, very bright
- Your pupil changes size and / or shape
- His eyes change color
Treatment of cataracts in cats
It will depend on each case, but of course, an early diagnosis is essential so that the hairy can return to normal life as soon as possible. In these cases, most of the time it will be enough to put drops of an anti-inflammatory eye drops, or change the diet If the veterinarian tells us that they have appeared due to food deficiencies.
However, if the cat's vision has deteriorated, the professional will choose to replace the affected lens with an artificial one under general anesthesia. But the operation has a high cost, so there are many humans who prefer not to operate their cats, always keeping them indoors.
Yes, if you feel pain then it may be best to remove the affected eye To stop feeling it.
Look closely at your cat to prevent cataracts or any other pathology from affecting him.