The anaconda is olive green with dark spots spread all over the body. The flanks have yellow ocelos surrounded by a black ring, the belly is yellow spotted with black. It is distinguished mainly by having red and black stretch marks on each side of the face, just behind the eye.
Notably only females can reach a large size, because males do not exceed 4 meters.
The Anaconda it is an aquatic snake, so it is known as "Boa de Agua". She likes to keep her body submerged and only eyes and nostrils appear on the surface. It is capable of swimming at high speed and can remain underwater for up to 10 minutes.
When they are on the ground it is much slower, so they almost always eat in the water or on the banks of the rivers, their main food being fish, small mammals and birds.
Cases of anacondas that have swallowed a whole cow have been reported, but their diet generally includes young species of tapirs, deer, peccaries (pigs) and alligators.
Although its presence is associated with the Amazon River, this is not the only place where the anaconda lives. The boa is also found in the basins of the Orinoco, Putumayo, Napo, Paraguay and Alto Paraná rivers. She occupies territories of Guyana, Trinidad Island, Venezuela, Colombia, Brazil, Ecuador, Peru, Bolivia and northwestern Paraguay. Previously it also inhabited certain areas of Argentina, but over the years its species was extinct in that country.
Its favorite habitat is water, but it also adapts perfectly to trees and terrestrial spaces. In the jungle regions, river basins and especially in calm water ponds are home.
Anacondas that live in swamps are at risk of becoming dehydrated when they dry. Sometimes they bury and stretch for months in the mud until the swamp is filled with new water. However, dead species have been seen in dry estuaries, far from water.
To the water boa He also likes to take refuge in burrows and natural holes where they are easy to find in the extreme dry season, along rivers and pipes. During the rainy season, they extend through flooded sheets, and are difficult to locate.
The Anaconda it's viviparous and the gestation time is 6 months. Their litters are 20 to 40 offspring, but they can be many more. At birth it measures about 60 centimeters and can now swim and feed itself. When she is small she is vulnerable and can be prey to larger animals.
Due to its size and aggressiveness, the anaconda is located at the tip of the food pyramid. Many consider that it is unrivaled to defeat her, at least during her youth. When it reaches adulthood, it can be a prey for jaguars, although this happens by chance. It is very rare when it happens. This characteristic is what makes the anaconda enjoy great longevity. Its average age is 15 years and there have been exceptional cases of species that have reached 50 years of age.
Anaconda physical appearance
This animal belongs to the boas and pythons family, that is, the one that owns the largest snakes in the world.
The anaconda is from colour olive green with stains all over his body and a darker one over the head.
This snake is a great swimmer, hence it is also known like water boa.
The Anaconda stay resting, during the day, between the branches or in the water. At night, it is when this snake is active and is dedicated to hunting.
This animal kill their prey by constriction since it is a constrictor snake. He surprises them when they go to the water to drink.
Thanks to the great ability to open your mouth, this species is able to swallow prey larger than her.
The Anaconda can be a week without eating when it manages to capture a large prey, although normally this animal feeds on smaller prey and must consume food regularly.
Where does the anaconda live?
Lives in aquatic environments in calm waters, in the north zone humid tropical of South America.
More information on other snakes.
It is not easy for conservationists to protect or defend snakes, especially to such an imposing one that generates fear as the anaconda, however there are studies that indicate that there are fewer and fewer slaughters of this animal.
Previously the man hunted the anaconda to use it as a natural remedy. Many think that fat is miraculous for rheumatism, so it was sold at a very high price. However, this practice has diminished considerably.
It is important to convince people to protect their natural heritage through campaigns, posters or conferences at local schools, which show that anacondas, along with the remaining wildlife, are an inherent part of the area and as such should be protected.