At first, when hamsters are weaned they are already able to eat the same food as an adult, with the difference that they still don't have fully developed teeth or the skin of their cheeks is so flexible. Because, It may cost you to take the larger sized seeds.
Just in case he would nibble on his feeder, it is better to feed him in one of metal or ceramic, not plastic, since the latter could swallow pieces.
The hamster is omnivorous. You can give it a mixture of seeds that already contains an ingredient with animal proteins or give it separately, with a dog biscuit or egg cooked occasionally. You will complement that with fresh fruits and vegetables, But don't make your diet the basis of your vegetables or they will give you diarrhea!
Also, never forget that you will need to have fresh water available at all times.
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Your hamster baby will need a cage with a series of objects and conditions to live comfortably:
- A bed or soft shelter to rest.
- A bed in the whole cage of hay, sawdust or cat litter. You will have to renew it every several days.
- The Ideal temperature is between 18 and 25º. In less than 14º they can go into hibernation.
- A RYou can exercise every day, They have a lot of energy to burn!
- You will have to clean the cage often, renew the bed, remove the remains of food and feces. If you want to deodorize, use a fragrance-free product, as they can cause allergy.
The cage is the place where you will spend more time! Therefore, you have to take care of every last detail. Note that you should not touch so little hamsters, since they are very delicate. Also, if you give them your smell, their mother may not recognize and reject them or even attack them. Sometimes mothers eat their young.
If the mother rejects her babies ...
If the mother eats her young or does not want to feed them, you will have to do it yourself. It is necessary that they already have at least adult hair, not the fluff of newborns, and their incisors, even if they are tiny.
To feed the hamster, you can give it soft fruits and vegetables, small seeds, bread dipped in milk, cooked ham, hard boiled egg ... And don't forget hydration! You will have to offer him water every few hours. If you don't want to drink, try a syringe without a needle.
Caring for prematurely weaned hamster pups is complicated and does not guarantee their survival.
Remember! You should not make your hamster breed if you are not going to know what to do with the offspring or you are not going to want to find them a home. Be responsible with your pets!
Feeding a pregnant hamster
While hamsters must receive complete and balanced nutrition throughout their lives, pregnant females will need special attention for their diet. During pregnancy, your hamster will require a diet with high energy intake, to prepare your body for breastfeeding and allow the correct development of their offspring.
Ideally, increase your daily protein and fat intake good. To do this, in addition to your usual diet, we will try to add natural sources of these nutrients, such as cooked egg, lean cheese, boiled chicken or turkey, cooked ham cut into small pieces, cereals and nuts (nuts, almonds, hazelnuts, chestnuts and pipes ). You can also offer mealworms or other small insects, which are marketed in some veterinarians and pet stores.
The fruits and vegetables recommended for hamsters will also help strengthen the immune system of the pregnant female, as they provide a large amount of vitamins, fibers and minerals. Remember to prefer foods from organic origin (grown without agrotoxics) and remove the bones from the fruits before offering them to your rodent. And logically, we will always avoid forbidden food for hamsters.
During pregnancy, we will apply the system "ad libitum" to feed the female. That is to say: we will leave food and fresh water at your disposal throughout the day. Females will look for food not only when they are hungry, but also to store food for the time of delivery.
Preparing the cage and the environment for your hamster and its young
As we have mentioned, pregnant hamsters tend to become more aggressive because they feel vulnerable and will defend their territory to ensure their young are born in a safe environment. Therefore, we must separate the pregnant female from the other hamsters, preparing a cage exclusively for her and her future babies.
In this cage, your hamster must find fresh water and food at his disposal, as well as materials to make his nest, such as straw, wood and twigs. During the entire pregnancy, it will be essential keep your hamster's cage clean, daily removing the remains of food and feces. But if the female has already begun to build her nest, you should be careful not to undo it.
Gestation is a very delicate period for the female, who experiences numerous physiological, hormonal and behavioral changes. Therefore, beyond preparing your cage, it will also be essential to provide a calm and positive environment, where your hamster can live a safe and peaceful gestation. To avoid exposing it to high stress contexts, you should not touch it or approach the cage very frequently. While it is important to convey love and care for your pregnant hamster, you will also need to respect their territory.
If you notice that your hamster has been a mom, you should give intimacy during breastfeeding and respect your adaptation time to your new reality. Therefore, you should only approach the cage to replenish its water and food, temporarily suspending sanitation. You should not touch the mother or her young Newborns under any circumstances. This can be interpreted as a sign of weakness and the hamster can eat its young because they are considered fragile and unable to survive.
In addition, to prevent your hamster from eating its young, you can follow some preventive measures, such as providing a balanced diet of optimal quality, taking care that its environment transmits tranquility and confidence, and keep them separate from other hamsters during pregnancy and breastfeeding
After 20 days of delivery, you can return to the cage normally and resume your daily cleaning. Both the mother and her young will be prepared to play with you and receive all your affection. The time has also come to "introduce" the new members of the family to the other hamsters. It will also be an excellent opportunity for take the young to the vet and control their growth, weight gain and health status.
It is also from this third week of life that baby hamsters are ready to be weaned, so you must be attentive to the feeding and care of the young. In addition, as of their fifth week, small rodents tend to mature sexually. Therefore, you should seriously consider separate males and females to avoid fights and new unplanned litters.
Attention to the reproductive control of your hamsters
When joining your hamsters again, you should keep in mind that these rodents reach their sexual maturity very quickly. From their first or second month of life (depending on the breed of the hamster), your new companions can already mate and generate new litters. In addition, females can already get pregnant again about 24 hours after giving birth to their young.
Therefore, you must be aware of the reproductive control of your hamsters and think very well before putting the males and females together in the same cage. As these rodents usually have many babies for each pregnancy, you can also consider finding responsible and caring people who want to adopt a hamster as a pet.
If you want to read more articles similar to Care of a pregnant hamster, we recommend that you enter our Gestation section.
Some of the most normal questions and answers about our pregnant hamster.
In a previous article we explain a bit how to notice if our hamster was pregnant, but given the most demanded questions on this topic we will compile the most important ones and answer them in this article. You can also see more information in the section of breeding hamsters.
How to know if you are pregnant? There are some symptoms that can help you since, In addition to the fact that the gestation period is short, these females do not dilate their abdomen until the last five days of pregnancy, which makes it more difficult to identify pregnancy. As for the number of pups, it also depends on the type of hamster. For example, a Russian hamster usually gives birth to 4 to 8 offspring while a golden hamster can give birth to up to 20 offspring. The symptoms They can help you know if your hamster is pregnant are:
-Sudden weight gain: If your rodent has gained weight, it may indicate that she is pregnant as the young grow rapidly inside the womb.
-Puffy nipples: If you look at your hamster's abdomen and see that her nipples are swollen or look outside, she is preparing for breastfeeding.
-Increased appetite: If you start drinking a lot of water and your appetite suddenly increases, this may indicate that you are pregnant, but it also means something else. Alterations in appetite may be due to some disease, because your female feels anxious, nervous or is being exposed to high levels of stress.
-Behavior: When females are pregnant, they begin to build a nest inside their cage and store food inside for birth. In the first days of pregnancy, they will be aggressive, especially with males. When the time of childbirth is approaching, your temper will be more serene and you will increase the hours of sleep next to your nest.
If despite these symptoms you are not able to identify a possible pregnancy in your pet, you can always go to a specialized veterinarian. There they will confirm your pregnancy and also inform you about the health status of the hamster as well as its specific care during pregnancy and lactation.
What do I feed my pregnant hamster?
During pregnancy, your pet will need a diet with a high energy intake. This is necessary for your body to prepare properly for breastfeeding and allow your young to develop properly and be born healthy.
The ideal is increase your daily intake of protein and good fats. In addition to your usual diet, you should add natural sources of these nutrients, such as lean cheese, chicken or turkey, boiled egg, cooked ham cut into small pieces, cereals, nuts such as almonds, nuts, hazelnuts, chestnuts and pipes. You can also give him mealworms or other small insects that some pet stores and some veterinarians sell.
As for fruits and vegetables, these will also help to strengthen your pregnant rodent's immune system. It is due to the large amount of vitamins and mineral fibers they provide. In addition, you should keep in mind that you should always opt for organic foods, that is, grown without pesticides, and remove the bones of the fruits before feeding them to your hamster.
During pregnancy, you should leave food and fresh water available to the female throughout the day. Pregnant hamsters will look for food not only when they are hungry, but also to store it until delivery.
Your rodent, when pregnant, You will become more aggressive because you will feel vulnerable and defend their territory trying to ensure that their offspring are born in a safe environment. Therefore, it is important to separate it from other hamsters and prepare an exclusive cage for her and her future offspring.
In the cage, The hamster must have fresh water, food and materials to make his nest like straw, wood and twigs. During the entire pregnancy, the cage must be kept clean. You must remove the remains of food and excrement daily, always being careful not to undo the nest that your hamster has built.
During the weeks when your pet is pregnant, it will also be essential to provide a positive and peaceful environment. We must ensure that the rodent can live a safe and peaceful gestation. For it, avoid touching it or approaching its cage very frequently. That does not mean you stop giving love and love.