Animals

My guinea pig falls out of hair: what is the reason?

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Why doesn't my guinea pig eat? Guinea pigs as a pet, They usually have a good appetite, but there are certain occasions when they can lose it. It may be due to a problem or illness, because it is not the right food or something is wrong in your environment ... There are many possible reasons! Of course, if your guinea pig refuses to eat, something is wrong and you must do something about it. We talk about it!

1. Your teeth have grown too large

As with other rodents, guinea pig's teeth never stop growing, so they need to file them constantly. If for any reason you have not been filing lately, you may have grown more than necessary.

Too long teeth make it difficult, and sometimes even prevent food intake. They make wounds in the mouth and can even go outside. If this has happened, it is important to go to the veterinarian as soon as possible so that you can file them, if not, your guinea pig will not be able to eat.

2. Accumulation of tartar

If too much tartar builds up, This can cause discomfort to your guinea pig. In fact, if it is a very excessive accumulation, it can lead to infections and other more serious oral problems. If it occurs, you should take it to the veterinarian to have a mouth cleaning.

Tartar can be avoided, at least in part. There are specific foods that help reduce it. The important thing is to avoid causing problems that prevent you from eating.

3. Gastrointestinal obstruction

Gastrointestinal problems such as Gases, obstructions due to foreign objects or constipation can make your guinea pig feel bad and lose your appetite. In severe cases, if the pain is very strong, sometimes they even stop moving.

If you suspect that your guinea pig could be suffering from such an obstruction, you should take her to the vet as soon as possible. There they will do the necessary tests and put a treatment to solve it.

4. Lack of vitamin C

Vitamin C is very important for guinea pigs, but they are not able to produce it naturally, so we must give it to us in the diet. Scurvy or lack of vitamin C in these animals is quite frequent. If it is the case of your guinea pig, in addition to lack of hunger it will present other symptoms, such as:

  • Immobility
  • Bleeding gums
  • Swelling
  • Weakness
  • Anorexia if it is very serious

A very advanced case of scurvy can kill your guinea pig. Because, at the minimum symptom, to the veterinarian! To prevent it from happening, remember that you should give you vitamin C regularly through fruits and vegetables.

5. Inappropriate diet

One of the most common reasons why a guinea pig does not eat is that The food offered is not the most appropriate. Remember that you should not only give feed, hay and seeds, but also fresh vegetables to complete the intake of vitamins and fiber. Also try to always be well hydrated.

If you do not receive the nutrients you need, your guinea pig will gradually weaken and a point will come where you will stop eating. Consult your veterinarian to find the right diet for your guinea pig.

6. Respiratory infection

Respiratory infections in guinea pigs they can also stop eating. Usually, most of them are due to a complication of pneumonia or a cold, but there are also more serious infections. The difficulty in breathing causes them to become exhausted and very tired, so they stop eating.

In these cases, It is advisable to feed your guinea pig porridge, it is easy to swallow and promotes hydration. If your guinea pig cannot breathe, take it to the vet as soon as possible!

Avoid exposing your guinea pig to cold air currents or leaving it wet for a long time, This multiplies the chances of developing respiratory infections.

7. Emotional imbalances

Although sometimes it is hard to believe, most pets may suffer, under certain circumstances, stress, anxiety, sadness ...just like us If your guinea pig does not eat, one of the things you should value is its environment and the general situation. Are you going through a difficult time or are you in an inappropriate situation? For example, Excessive noise, lack of hygiene or the death of a partner can cause a guinea pig to have negative feelings of many kinds.

Losing appetite in adverse situations is quite normal, also for guinea pigs!

What do I do if my guinea pig does not eat

As we have said in most previous cases, If you know or suspect that your guinea pig does not eat because it has any disease or physical problem, it is very important that you take it to the veterinarian. In addition to your health being compromised, the fact that you don't eat is especially dangerous, if you're sick, you probably won't eat again until you feel better, that's why It is very important to know what happens and start treatment as soon as possible.

If it's stress, anxiety or grief, try changing the situation of your guinea pig. Spend more time with her if she spends too much time alone, change your cage if you are in a noisy, dirty environment or with an inappropriate temperature ... There may be a thousand reasons, analyze the environment and correct what is wrong! If in doubt, a veterinarian can also help you find out what happens and tell you how to take better care of your guinea pig.

Food is the basis of your guinea pig's health, if you don't eat, you have to find a solution right away!

Possible solutions

There is no effective method for guinea pigs to stop losing hair if it is because of stress, the only thing that can be done is to try to change your diet and provide more vitamin C to try to stop that fall. On the other hand, if it is due to a disease such as scabies (parasite infestation) or ringworm, it should be taken to the veterinarian to begin treatment as soon as possible.

-Mange treatment. If it is discovered that you have a mite infestation, you will have to go to the veterinarian as soon as possible to start the treatment. During the treatment it is very important that the guinea pig maintain good hygiene and disinfect its environment, in addition to that it should be isolated if there are more guinea pigs in the home.

The treatment to be carried out may vary depending on mange and the treatment will also be relatively simple if it has been detected in time. To carry out the treatment you can apply injections or specific topical treatments to end the parasite, it all depends on what the veterinarian recommends for our guinea pig. To this we must add the antibiotics that the animal should take if there are secondary infections because of the parasites. It should also be washed with a specific guinea pig shampoo and periodic checks and checks should be carried out at the veterinarian.

-Tinea treatment. For a few weeks our guinea pig will have to take an antifungal treatment by mouth. Although depending on the severity and extent of ringworm by the body of the animal, it may be that with a simple topical treatment it is more than enough. In addition, it is common for you to be recommended at the veterinarian to give you more vitamins and other supplements to maximize the animal's defenses during treatment. And you have to keep in mind that if you have several guinea pigs, you have to isolate the one that suffers from ringworm, since it is a highly contagious disease, even for humans, so be careful with the sick pet.

How to know if my guinea pig is sad?

It is usual that before the appearance of certain symptoms we consider that our guinea pig may be sad or depressed, however, it is important to highlight that many of them can be confused with disease symptoms easily, so it will always be convenient to visit a specialized veterinarian and ensure that the behavior of the guinea pig is not due to pathologies of the species.

If we are experienced tutors in the possession of guinea pigs, we will know how to easily recognize the signs that indicate that you are happy, such as excitement breaks, predisposition for water, affectionate noises or the need to interact with other members of your species. Remember that these are gregarious animals, which need to be able to interact to enjoy a state of well-being.

On the other hand, the deaf noises, related to fear and stress, whining and the shrieking of discontent or imminent danger they are indicating that our guinea pig does not feel comfortable. But how to recognize that, in fact, our guinea pig is sad?

Symptoms of a sad or sick guinea pig

Below we show you the most characteristic symptoms of a guinea pig sad or sick:

  • Inactivity
  • Squeals and cries
  • Abnormal noises
  • Lack of appetite
  • Lack of interaction
  • Stress
  • Fear
  • Aggressiveness
  • Hides
  • Decay
  • Weakness
  • Boredom
  • Lack of cleanliness
  • Excess baby
  • Stereotypes
  • Hunched posture

Why is my guinea pig sad?

If you have recognized one or more of the symptoms that we have shown you before, it will be essential to pay attention to the common causes that can cause us to be sad:

  • Stress and anxiety: These types of problems are manifested through stereotypes (repetitive and constant behaviors) that can be very variable. Some examples may be the compulsive intake of water, the movements in circles or a constant "game" with some of its basic utensils, such as the drinking fountain or the feeder. It may be caused by a dirty, small environment, for lack of attention.
  • Fear and aggressiveness: although they are not especially frequent, this type of behavior, directed towards us or towards other animals, can make suspect that the animal suffers some pathology, that can be causing pain. We will observe that the animal "freezes", remains inactive and hidden or makes strange noises (such as squeals and cries). This type of behavior is also common in newly adopted animals, who feel threatened in their new environment, although it can also occur in the case of mismanagement by the caregiver, especially if it includes punishment and shouting.
  • Loss of a guinea pig friend: Many people wonder if guinea pigs die of grief, since the death of a family guinea pig or friend usually generates apathy, lack of interaction and sadness.
  • Lack of stimulation: Guinea pigs are intelligent and active animals, for that reason, the lack of socialization, a poor environment or the low variety of elements can cause apathy, boredom and sadness. We will observe decay and that the animal remains inactive most of the time.
  • Diseases and others: There are multiple pathologies and disorders that can cause abnormal symptoms in our guinea pig and that can be easily confused by episodes of sadness and depression.

Below we will explain what steps you should take to ensure the good health and well-being of your guinea pig, follow our advice and recommendations.

1.- They are very friendly

People who have not been near a guinea pig often do not believe this. But these little animals They are really very friendly. They also recognize and respond to their owners. Many they scream with delight when they see their owners. Or they try to climb the sides of their cage to greet them. They are as interactive and friendly as dogs and cats. Guinea pigs often create important love ties with their owners. This means that you won't feel alone if you decide to take one of these little ones home

further They are wonderful pets for the little ones in the house. They are not as fragile as rabbits and are generally less scary than smaller rodents such as hamsters. Guinea pigs are wonderful pets for children of primary age and older. But remember, younger children should always be supervised around guinea pigs, as with any other pet. If you are looking for good reasons to have a guinea pig as a pet, this is not to be missed.

1. Take your guinea pig to the vet

Especially if you notice that your guinea pig is rare and that in addition does not eat, drink or move, go to your veterinarian immediately. Guinea pigs need to ingest quality hay to keep their digestive system active, for that reason, lack of food intake is a alarm signal which indicates that we must visit a specialist as soon as possible, because the life of the guinea pig may be at risk.

If you are worried and think that the symptoms you observe may be due to a pathology, we encourage you to visit our article and find out how to know if a guinea pig is sick. It may also be interesting that, in case of inactivity, you visit the article about lack of activity and tremors in guinea pigs.

The most common diseases of guinea pigs are:

  • Diarrhea
  • Scurvy
  • Abscesses
  • Parasites
  • Heatstroke
  • Strange bodies
  • Hip dysplasia
  • Waltz disease
  • Deafness
  • Etc.

It is important to highlight that some pathologies, such as heat stroke or diarrhea, can be fatal if they are not detected and treated in time. In addition, guinea pigs do not always clearly show their ailments, so we can face a serious pathology in its final stages.

In any case, it is always advisable rule out a health problem visiting a veterinarian, before focusing on depression or sadness as behavioral problems.

2.- They are easy to take care of

Guinea pigs require very little maintenance. They need fresh water, hay, dry pellets, and vegetables. its cage It needs to be cleaned once every 1-2 weeks and it is very easy to clean. An even easier option would be to have a cage made of grilles and coroplast with fleece like bedding. The use of wool as bedding is a very easy option that is specifically intended for guinea pigs.

In general, guinea pigs do not need to be neutered or spayed, unless you plan to have more than one in the same habitat. This means that veterinarian costs are minimal, unless your pet gets sick. They do not need to be bathed often at all, in fact they should not be bathed more than once or twice a year. They do not need to be groomed unless they have long hair. But if they need their teeth, they will be trimmed at most once every 3 weeks. The simple thing about your care is one of the best reasons to have a guinea pig as a pet.

3.- They are not destructive

One very good thing about guinea pigs is that They will not destroy your house! They are much less likely to chew furniture, and you'll never have to worry about scratching the carpet. It goes along with the reason why they don't bite. They just don't care, and they are too curious and afraid to do anything. It would be difficult not to discover a guinea pig before it is about to do something destructive or crazy. They don't think very fast and their actions are even slower than their thoughts.

The worst thing they will do to your house is pee or poop on the floor. Some people claim that their guinea pigs are trained to use the litter box. But for the most part a lottery is success or failure with this type of training. They get it or they don't, and most don't. Giving them time to be on the ground is a good idea. put something down the area. As fleece or towels to avoid accidents. If you are looking for reasons to have a guinea pig as a pet, what better way to keep your house presentable for visitors!

2. Time of adaptation of the guinea pig

If you have just adopted your guinea pig, you may be depressed and sad due to separation of your previous caregivers and / or friendly guinea pigs. This behavior is very common in the guinea pigs and the most important thing will be to be patient and try to interact with it little by little and calmly. These animals hate screaming, excessive excitement and abrupt treatment, because they only cause stress and fear in the animal.

It is essential that you properly prepare a guinea pig cage following our advice, according to the animal welfare standards, and ensure that at all times you have access to your basic utensils: space, food, water, hiding places, friendly guinea pigs, toys.

The first days of a guinea pig at home we must leave space and provide peace of mind. If we are affectionate, calm and constant, the adaptation time of the guinea pig can be between a few weeks and several months.

4.- They are cheap

Another great thing about guinea pigs is that can be adopted For a very reasonable price. They can be purchased at pet stores for different prices, but large amounts are never spent on a guinea pig.

However it is one> to choose to adopt a guinea pig instead of buying one at a pet store. There are many of these pets orphans out there in shelters that have probably been handled more and have definitely been more careful.

As I mentioned before, there will not be too many veterinarian visits with a guinea pig. The cages can be low cost If you know what you are looking for. A great option for the cage is build one yourself. I can guarantee that any cage in a pet store will be too expensive and too small for any adult guinea pig. For the price you pay for a large cage in a store you can build a cage that is 4 times the size.

Food prices vary depending on how much they care about the quality of their food. Pellets They are a very high quality food and generally do not contain additional ingredients that are not good. Other regular foods can be obtained for a fraction of the price. The Timothy's hay It can be bought in a store. Or you can try to buy it from a local farmer who makes sure it is not harmful in any way.

Bedding It may be the most expensive part of having a guinea pig, but there are ways to fix it. The use of fleece as bedding reduces costs immensely. Instead of buying bag after bag of wood chips, save money by throwing away a few towels and a yard of wool in the wash instead.

In general, once you have your pet established in your new home, the cost to keep them alive and well is quite low. This varies depending on how many guinea pigs you have and how fast they eat!

3. Feeding a guinea pig

Offering a diet adapted to each stage is essential to ensure optimal development and health status. You should always have fresh, clean water, which we will renew regularly about twice a day, fresh quality hay and, along with the rations of pellets indicated according to the stage, we will also add rations of herbs, fruits and vegetables recommended for guinea pigs, essential for the supply of vitamin C.

Regularly supervises your space to ensure that it is clean and that the available food is fresh, in addition, we must be sure that the amount of guinea pig daily food is adequate, as overweight influences also in their behavior, causing discomfort and apathy.

5.- Live a good life

To be small animals, guinea pigs They can live a v> 4-7 years. These pets are not as likely to be found surprisingly dead after less than a year. It is quite safe to assume that you will have a friend for at least 3-4 years, considering how well you take care of them.

The hamsters They can live for 2-3 years, which is pretty good. But there is not so much stability> they only live a few years. This is because they are very prone to diseases and genetic evils.

I think the v> is quite good. It is not too little time for you not to learn to know him enough. But it is not too much for you to get tired or want to try something else.

We could give you many more, but these are the main reasons to have a guinea pig as a pet. They are loving and sensitive animals, affectionate and playful. They do not require a huge amount of attention time or money. Also, if you have children, they are an excellent choice as a first family pet.

4. Enrichment, games and well-being

Apart from covering your basic needs, you should strive to offer an environment that is appropriate for your guinea pig, starting with a hygienic and spacious environment, which allows you to exercise naturally. Remember that in addition to being gregarious animals, who enjoy community life with those of their kind, guinea pigs need objects to chew and play, since they are especially curious and active rodents.

If it is not possible for you to adopt a second guinea pig to improve your well-being, make sure you spend enough time with it, spending several hours a day that include leaving your environment and interacting directly with you. It is very important that you encourage her to exercise regularly.

Likewise, guinea pigs need safe hiding places to shelter when they are afraid or want to rest. In the market you will find booths, pipes, nests and all kinds of elements that will help you feel more comfortable in the environment. You can fill them with dry hay, for example. This point is especially important if you live with other animals, such as cats and dogs.

Finally do not forget that these animals require constant affection and a calm environment. Relationship with her in a positive way, don't force it To do what you do not want and move forward step by step to gain your trust. If even after a while your guinea pig is still sad or depressed then we encourage you to seek advice from a veterinarian specialized in these animals.

If you want to read more articles similar to How to help a sad guinea pig?, we recommend that you enter our Behavior Problems section.

FRESH VEGETABLES AND SNACKS, BASIC FOR COBAYAS TEETH

Every owner responsible for a guinea pig must know minimally the characteristics of its anatomy. Beyond the two front teeth (the most prominent and that can best be noticed), the truth is that the rest of the mouth of the guinea pig is a great unknown to the common of mortals who do not enjoy veterinary knowledge. However, and although it is the four front denticles that require the most care, it is important to know that the rest of the guinea pig's teeth usually enjoy good health until well into their old age.

Because the guinea pig's teeth do not stop growing steadily, it is necessary that these animals have at their disposal with what to file and wear them. Something that has to happen in addition simultaneously, that is, that both teeth wear at the same time, and for which proper oral hygiene is essential.

Let us forget a priori to brush ourselves and toothpaste, nothing is further from what they need! Actually, The teeth of this rodent demand natural elements in order to maintain proper hygiene. On the one hand, and to help them exercise their teeth and wear them, our guinea pig will ask us Daily fruits and vegetables. Specifically, thick-stemmed vegetables such as leeks are the ones that best contribute to being able to exercise your teeth (facilitating the gradual and equitable wear of your teeth) and, at the same time, keep them as healthy, clean and strong as possible.

But, in addition to giving our pet a natural food for rodentsIt is also important that we rely on specific snacks for guinea pigs. Some made with some of their dark objects of desire (fruits and hay, fundamentally) and that will not only collaborate in their oral hygiene, but will facilitate the dental polishing so necessary while keeping them entertained exercising their jaws.

Finally, a tip: if we detect that our guinea pig has lost any of its teeth (something that can happen when the bars of their cage are gnawed), it will be urgent to visit the vet. We must follow all the recommendations of the professional to keep the oral health of our pet at bay.

And, if we take good care of the guinea pig's teeth, we can enjoy it with well-being and in the best way: observing its peculiar muzzle movement.

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