Cat puppies are the most likely to suffer from parasites in their intestines, especially those that have access to the outside,
- Author: By CAROLINA PINEDO
- Publication date: December 31, 2013
Long, round, flat or microscopic. The parasites that lodge in the intestine of the cat can have different aspect, but all are harmful for the health of the feline. This article collects guidelines to prevent the appearance of intestinal parasites of the cat, explain what they are felines most likely to suffer intestinal parasites, what is the treatment and how to prevent them.
Intestinal diseases in cats
Cat intestinal diseases can be prevented through deworming and veterinary control
Unpronounceable names, such as Toxoplasma gondii or Echinococcus granulosus, behind them parasites capable of invading the feline and causing vomiting and diarrhea.
"There are cats that appear to have no symptoms, even if they have intestinal parasites, but the immune system may be affected in the long run," explains Imanol Sagarzazu, a veterinarian. The Cat parasites are eliminated through feces. Therefore, if the owners detect their presence in them, it is important to consult the veterinarian as soon as possible.
Cats more likely to have intestinal parasites
Certain felines are an easier target for parasites that inhabit the intestine. It is the case of the puppies, that if they come from the street, "almost 90% of the feline pups usually have intestinal parasites," according to Sagarzazu.
This percentage decreases up to 2% if the feline puppy has a parasite-free mother at the time of birth, has come into the world in a domestic environment and has no access to the exterior of the house.
The reason that feline puppies are more likely to get infected by intestinal parasites is that they can be spread through the mother's placenta or by breastfeeding, if it is contaminated. On the other hand, if kittens have access to the outside they can come into contact with contaminated grass of parasite larvae.
The organism of young animals that have never been exposed to parasites has not created defenses to combat their presence. Therefore, cat or dog puppies are more susceptible to infection. "The Sick felines may be more susceptible to becoming infected with internal parasites and of having diarrhea due to its presence, "says Vanessa Carballés, a veterinarian expert in felines.
Against cat intestinal diseases: deworming
Veterinarians recommend internal deworming of the cat every three months
Homemade adult cats that undergo periodic internal deworming at the veterinarian They are the feline population less likely to get intestinal parasites.
However, if the intestine of an adult feline is infected with parasites, it can happen that your body regulates and eliminates part of them through feces. However, after 15 days you may have symptoms (such as diarrhea) unless you are dewormed.
The symptoms of a cat with intestinal parasites may go unnoticed or be similar to those of gastroenteritis. Only felines that have a large number of parasites in their intestines suffer diarrhea, deterioration of their fur, vomiting, weight loss and dilated abdomen (puppies heavily invaded by parasites).
In the event that the stowaway is the microscopic Toxoplasma gondii, external signs are not even detected in the cat, even if it hosts this animal.
Cat's intestinal parasites: treatment and prevention
A feline invaded by parasites in your intestine needs, to be clean, an antiparasitic treatment in the form of pills or syrup, which must be prescribed by the veterinarian. Cats remove animals from their intestines through their feces. Therefore, coprological analyzes of the infected feline will determine when the intestine is free from annoying visitors.
The best way to prevent the presence of intestinal stowaways is the periodic deworming of the cat. Veterinarians recommend that people who live with a cat practice a internal deworming every three months.
A personalized plan to deworm the cat would be the most advisable, explains Carballés: "If the cat goes out to the street it would need a monthly treatment, but, if it does not access the outside, it is enough to provide it every three months, as a preventive measure," says the veterinarian .
Other routes of entry of parasites to the intestine of the cat are the raw meat or feces of other contaminated animals. Therefore, it is advisable to prevent the cat from coming into contact with this type of food and body waste.
Three frequent internal parasites in the cat
Toxoplasma gondii. It is a single-celled intestinal parasite. It produces a disease that is known as toxoplasmosis.
Giardia spp. It is a single-celled parasite. It can live in the intestines of animals and people.
Toxocara canis and Toxocara cati. The adults of this parasite are large and whitish worms, which lodge in the small intestine of companion animals and cause diarrhea.
Contagion of intestinal parasites from cats to people
The spread of intestinal parasites from cats to people is "very rare," says Sagarzazu, who clarifies that it usually occurs in cases of people living in unhealthy conditions, with many cats that go outside.
The contagion of intestinal parasites between cats and people It is produced orally and can occur when the cat's litter tray is cleaned, where it needs. But a feline with adequate sanitary control is unusual for contracting intestinal parasites.
However, it is recommended that people living with cats maintain certain hygienic guidelines, such as washing their hands after handling the hygienic tray or before eating.
Types of parasites
There are many types of parasites, but they can be classified into two large groups:
- The internal parasites: These types of parasites are lodged in the gastrointestinal tract or other organs of the animal and there are several types. The best known are the see me, that is, worms or worms. Within this category we find, in turn, two types: nematodes, rounded-looking, and the cestodes or you had to look more flat.
- The external parasites: You have to check the skin of the animal because, although they can be detected with the naked eye, they usually hide under the hair. Among these parasites we find fleas, mites, lice or ticks that can put your pet's health at risk.
How to know if your pet has parasites
Each type of parasite causes certain symptoms in pets, for this reason, it is important to be aware of any anomaly in the animal's behavior.
For the internal parasite detection It is important to make sure that the cat eats normally and has no problems defecating, since the symptoms manifest directly in the digestive process. These parasites act by absorbing nutrients and in some cases the animal's own blood, so if your pet has diarrhea, anemia, vomiting or you see that you lose weight significantly It is advisable to take it to the veterinarian as it could have worms or worms in the intestine.
The external parasite detection It is simpler since they can be seen in reviews you do at home. These parasites act by absorbing the cat's blood to feed on their host. If you see your pet grooming or scratching more than normal, you may need to check your skin to verify that everything is in order. It is important to prevent this type of parasites since they can transmit other diseases to your pets.
How to deworm your pet
If you detect symptoms that your cat can have worms or worms, the first step is to go to the veterinarian, who will recommend the appropriate drugs based on your pet's history.
The fleas, mites, ticks and lice they can be detected and eliminated at home during brushing the cat. There are combs with very fine spikes that will help you to deworm your cat and remove most of the parasites, but it will also be necessary to disinfect the basket in which you sleep and thoroughly clean the rest of the house to prevent them from appearing again.
Remember that if you detect parasites in your pet, you should wear protective gloves to deworm it.
In addition to deworming your cat every 3 or 4 months, it is recommended to perform preventive treatments to prevent parasites from attacking pets and putting their health at risk.
How to avoid external parasites
There are different formulas and antiparasitic products that can help prevent external parasites. Some products you can use to protect your pets are:
Antiparasitic collars for cats: these specific collars for cats protect against insects. It is a thin collar that is impregnated with substances that repel insects and offer complete and continuous protection for 3 months. Simply place the collar around the cat's neck so that it starts working. The necklace can be combined with other products to act together and effectively.
Parasitic Pipettes: they are the most used antiparasitic for their effectiveness and ease of use. In the case of application in cats, with a blister will be enough to protect the animal. The liquid it is poured down the dorsal line of the cat and spreads throughout your body avoiding parasites. You must wait a few days before bathing the animal for the product to take effect.
Parasital repellent powders: it is a very comfortable antiparasitic to use, to apply it is enough sprinkle directly on the animal's hair, insisting on the places where parasites accumulate: ears, belly, torso, folds. Rub against hair to ensure product penetration. Apply once or twice a week, depending on the presence of parasites.
Now that you know some formulas to clean and prevent the appearance of parasites in your pet, do not forget to make periodic reviews and take it to the veterinarian if you find any anomaly in their behavior.
How to prevent parasites in dogs and cats: internal microorganisms
The main internal parasites that affect our pets are gastrointestinal. These, in addition to causing serious diseases in animals, in some cases can infect people.
These parasites live in both the stomach and intestines and can be of different sizes (even some being invisible to the human eye). The most frequent are:
The eggs of gastrointestinal parasites are found in the feces of infected animals and, as soon as they come into contact with another being, they can ‘pass’ to the next guest. Therefore, one of the ways to avoid them in dogs and cats is to pay close attention when sniffing in the park or in areas where there are other pets.
Other forms of infection are through small animals - such as rodents - or from the mother to the puppies (through breast milk or placenta).
The veterinarian periodically receives the question of how to prevent parasites in dogs and cats, and usually indicates similar treatments in all cases. There are preventive medications that must be applied every month, but there are also other actions that we can take so that our pets are not infected:
- Collect feces from the garden to reduce the risk of contamination.
- Clean the cat litter box and cover it when it is not being used.
- Wash your hands well After cleaning the pet grooming areas.
- Take the dog or cat to the vet once or twice a year for routine exams.
- Comply with the calendar of vaccination.
- Avoid that at home or nearby there mice or rats
- Use internal antiparasitic, which come in the form of pills, pastes or pipettes for external use.
- Clean utensils or containers Where our pet eats or drinks.
How to prevent parasites in dogs and cats: external microorganisms
They are usually more common in summer or when it is hot, as they proliferate faster. We refer to fleas, ticks and even mosquitoes (mainly that of leishmaniasis), lice and mites. These are examples of external parasites that can affect our pets and, therefore, we should avoid them.
External parasites produce various diseases and symptoms such as allergies and skin reactions, anemia due to the amount of blood consumed, scratching injuries, physical damage, weakness and babesia or leishmaniasis, two serious pathologies that can be fatal to the animal.
Preventing the proliferation of external parasites in our pets is very important, and the good news is that there are different methods that can be used, as long as the application is met:
- Pipettes (last one month).
- Flea collars (last about six months).
- Sprays mosquito bugs (they can have an effect of up to eight weeks).
- Pills(its duration is 30 days).
In addition, we recommend the following actions to prevent external parasites from affecting your dog or cat:
- Place citronella repellents at home so mosquitoes don't appear.
- Avoid containers with standing water Where insects can spawn.
- Periodically bathe our dog with flea or similar shampoo (never from humans).
- Reduce contact with many pets, mainly in small spaces
- Comply with the vaccination schedule to keep your immune system strong.
- Deworm each pet separately in case you have more than one at home
- Clean all accessories well of the dog or cat (bed, litter box, booth, feeder, etc).
- Take our pet to veterinarian twice a year for routine checks.
If you were wondering how to prevent parasites in dogs and cats, now you have several tools or techniques that can be useful. Do not let these microorganisms make your pet sick!
How can we prevent and treat parasites?
- Shampoos and soaps. They serve to remove those parasites that have already infected the animal, but little else. To have your cat protected with these types of products you should bathe them every 2 or 3 days.
- Putting on a necklace Keep our cat free of fleas. Before the pipettes emerged, it was very normal to see the cats with a thin plastic collar. This is coated with insecticides that act upon contact with the parasite. Its effectiveness can reach up to 12 weeks maximum, but when that time comes, it loses all its effectiveness.
- Pills for internal deworming. Before vaccinating the cat, it is essential to carry out an internal deworming. The use of pills to eliminate worms or worms is appropriate.
- Using antiparasitic pipettes. They are a good option so that the cat does not refuse antiparasitic treatment. Choose a product with effect on the larvae in addition to the adult parasites.
They are the most used antiparasitic today, both for its effectiveness and for its easy application and can also be done at home. The content of each pipette, in the form of a liquid, is thrown along the cat's dorsal line and, once applied, the active substance spreads throughout its body.
One of the main advantages of this type of products, as we have said, is that they are ready for use: what you have to do is apply the pipette liquid directly to the cat, and wait a few days before bathing it, So you don't lose your effectiveness. It is sold in the form of blisters, which should be chosen depending on the weight of the animal.
Your veterinarian will guide you on how to deworm your pet internally.
To prevent your cat from becoming infected again, don't forget:
- Periodically clean the animal's excrement box.
- Vacuum the furniture and your entire home.
- Avoid contacting your pet with sources of infection such as mice, plants and soil.