The labrador dog is one of the most popular dog breeds in the world due to its great intelligence and affectionate character with the families with which it lives. However, due to their physical conditions and temperament, we must be responsible to be able to provide adequate care for this noble race.
Continue reading this post, since in it ExpertAnimal will tell you labrador dog care more peremptory.
An essential basic care that we must have with our labrador dog when adopting it, will be the inescapable first visit to the veterinarian to review it and apply all the corresponding vaccines. The veterinarian will also place the identification chip, as marked by law.
It is convenient to perform a couple of annual visits to the veterinarian to correctly track the can and detect weight deviations and related to your health on time.
Labrador Retriever Feed
The labrador dog should always eat enough but frugal. This breed has tendency to gain weight, so we must accustom it to eat at certain times, and once the appropriate time has elapsed, remove the feeder.
The veterinarian should set the correct feeding guidelines, and in the event that the farmer gets fat, he is likely to prescribe low-calorie feed. We should not give the leftovers of human food, nor an excess of goodies.
If your Labrador Retriever has an above normal weight, do not hesitate to visit our article about how to make your dog lose weight and the different exercises for obese dogs that you can encourage him to practice.
Labrador dog exercise
The labrador dog needs to perform enough exercise on a daily basis, since he mentally needs an adequate level of activity to don't get bored. It is one of the most important labrador dog care to consider.
We must teach chase and return the ball, game that excites you and willingly lends itself to practice on a daily basis.
If we follow the dietary and exercise guidelines correctly, the labrador dog can live with us in a small apartment. Of course, a house with a garden through which the dog could run would be ideal. It is a dog that you will enjoy greatly when exercising with us riding a bicycle, an exercise that forces you to a gentle jog.
The labrador dog from a puppy needs a correct socialization so you learn to relate correctly with pets and dogs. If the farmer is socialized correctly, he will become a pet extraordinary with children. Collaborating tirelessly and patiently in their games.
It is not a suitable breed as a guard dog, although it does have a moderate guard instinct that at any given time will push you to defend against any aggression.
The labrador is a collection dogTherefore, you should be taught to bring things, an activity that you will enjoy greatly. You can start by bringing the ball thrown by us, to later teach you to bring the slippers the newspaper or other utensils that you can transport without risk. He should not be taught to sew or iron.
How to communicate with the labrador dog
The labrador dog is an easy dog to educate due to its good attitude, however it has a delicate point that we will always keep in mind: it does not support the screaming or the mistreatment.
We must be a guide for the dog and accustom it to comply with all our orders, but with insistent patience. Since if we lose our temper and incur the big mistake of yelling at him, immediately the farmer will lose confidence in us and will not obey us, showing himself very wayward and returning to the destructive habits of his childhood.
A characteristic of the puppy labrador dog is that it is quite destructive during its puppy stage and "adolescence." Youth period that lengthens more than among other races.
Slippers, children's toys and other objects scattered around the home should be safeguarded from the investigative habit of the farmer, whose research is usually reduced to a complete shredding of the interesting element to investigate. These repeated and thorough shredding are often crowned with the ingestion of some piece (or all pieces) of the investigated thing. Obviously tummy aches are frequent.
A recipe that the veterinarian recommended when my Afghan greyhound Naim ate a large wooden spoon in his youth (which apparently still retained the appetizing aroma of stews), managing to fill his stomach with sharp splinters, was as follows:
"Prepare in a bowl a dough consisting of mashed potatoes and a good amount of pharmaceutical cotton. All the dough that should be pasty was mixed well, and the dog was given in small quantities not excessively spaced."
The cotton filaments tore the splinters out of the stomach and all this followed its natural course. After a couple of days Naim was so fierce, but with a huge dislike of wooden spoons.
Labrador dog feeding
We have already commented on the obesity trend of the labrador dog. This means that we should always monitor your diet. If the dog or dog is neutered or spayed, it will be necessary to feed them with I think specific For this circumstance. Upon reaching old age it will be necessary to feed it with feed for dogs "grandparents".
Returning to the topic about the intake of foreign or slightly toxic objects, I will tell you a trick that the veterinarian recommended in his day after consulting him by telephone. Since my ineffable Afghan greyhound Naim had left a beautiful plasticine boat that my daughter had done as school work. The vet told me:
"Grab a handful of cooking salt. Open the dog's mouth. Throw the salt into the throat. Close the mouth, preventing it from opening for about 10 or 12 seconds. Leave the dog calm. Fill a bowl of water. "
This action produces a kind of instant stomach wash to the dog, since he immediately vomits all the stomach contents. For a few minutes the dog is dusty, but he recovers soon. If this drastic action is not done immediately, the dog can get intoxicated and endanger his life. This will only be done when we detect that our dog has ingested some object very recently and has not yet started the digestion process, being able to vomit the ingested element. If you have been eating for a while, you should call the veterinarian for advice.
Like most large breeds, lab dogs can suffer from hip dysplasia. Another reason not to allow them to get fat. Its half-life is 10 to 12 years.
The labrador dog has a very easy care cape. A good brushed 2 or 3 times a week It will keep its beautiful fur well. If we brush every day for 5 minutes, the dog will be pristine and we will also have an effect very beneficial mentally, since they are very emotional dogs, and they need to feel about their caregivers' attention.
There are even labradors that get a little heavy when requesting a high level of attention.
The bath will be carried out approximately monthly or when the dog is really dirty. Unlike other races, the farmer has a very resistant mantle that will not resent too much with the contact with water as it can happen with other races.
If you want to read more articles similar to Labrador dog care, we recommend that you enter our Basic Care section.
Health care for a Labrador Puppy
If we have just bought or adopted a Labrador puppy, we must consider two important things, their vaccines and their diet.
We cannot take our Labrador puppy for a walk in the street or in the park until he has his mandatory vaccinations in place, something that will be done from one month of life to three months of life: Dangers of walking a puppy without vaccines.
So until it is completely vaccinated, we must have it inside the house. That means that he will pee and poop at home, so we must arm ourselves with patience and if we can, put some soaper so hopefully he always does it there.
We must also prepare a bed for him, that is comfortable and that is in a warm place inside the house since the puppies are very delicate and should not be cold. It is even advisable to put two beds, one in the living room where we usually live and make life and another in our room, so that you sleep near us.
Our veterinarian will provide us with products against special parasites for puppies, in this way our little labrador will not have fleas or ticks and therefore will not spread them to us either.
Recommended feeding for a Labrador puppy
Puppies need a special diet since they are in full physical development and also their delicate teeth do not allow them to eat everything. Ideally, they are breastfeeding their mother until they reach two months of age: When to wean a puppy.
From weaning we can start giving them special feed for large breed puppies. But be careful, they are still too small to chew the croquettes so dry, we must mix them with a little warm water to soften and form a kind of mash.
After three or four months of life they will be able to eat feed without needing to have it previously bleached. Since your baby teeth will be fully formed and will even begin to slowly move them through your final teeth.
Try to always choose high quality feed brands, specific for puppies, such as Orijen or Nfnatcane for example. You can also opt for wet food like Cookieswil, which is not as hard as the classic dog croquettes.
Never exceed the daily ration recommended by the manufacturer, or your puppy will be soaked and will have diarrhea and vomiting. Think that your food, when hydrated inside the stomach will expand acquiring a greater volume.
Exercise and education of a puppy
Puppies as such do not need long walks or forced exercise, moreover, it is totally counterproductive because we could generate health problems.
A Labrador puppy will only need to take short walks to make his needs away from home (as long as he has his vaccines already in place) and have free time to play with other dogs at will. You can inform yourself in depth from: How to educate a dog puppy.
Should we let him play until he gets tired? Yes, but without forcing it. It must always be who decides when to play and when to stop to rest, we should not be forcing him to play (throwing the ball constantly for example).
After six months of life we can begin to take longer walks, but without forcing him to exercise excessively and that he is still a puppy and is in development.
Basic care for an adult Labrador
Although the greatest number of vaccines are given to dogs when they are puppies, we must put the vaccines as souvenirs when they are adults so that they do not lose their effect and therefore continue to protect our dog.
The Labrador dog adult if it requires some exercise every day (unlike the puppy), to release excess energy, feel fulfilled and therefore be a healthy and balanced dog.
We can take long walks in the mountains or simply take it with us when we go on roller skates or bike, so that it runs a little while following us. However, you have to be aware that a little exercise is not to exercise it until it falls busted, that is not healthy.
To take care of it in prevention of parasites, there are some chewable pills that will protect against fleas and ticks, so it will not be necessary to apply pipettes with poison on your back or use antiparasitic collars.
The best food for an adult Labrador
We must look for a quality feed for adult dogs of large breed that contains a large amount of high quality protein, avoiding feed full of cereals.
The Labrador is a dog that fattens very easily because he loves to eat, is a real glutton. But if you get too fat you will suffer a lot and your joints, so we must always monitor their diet.
A good feed, with lots of meat and few cereals, low fat and confidence, is the best option we can use. Even if you dare, we can use food based on natural products known as BARF.
Remember that a dog always gets bored of his food if we constantly give him the same, so if you choose the classic dog croquettes, try to change the type of meat or fish (composition) every three to four months.
Care for a Labrador's hair
If you want your labrador to have shiny and healthy hair, you can add some fish oil in your meals. By containing Omega acids, your hair will shine like never before.
Brush your dog two or three times a week and when you bathe, use a dog-specific soap as they have the ph adapted for their skin. In this way you will avoid the appearance of dandruff.
Recommended habits for our Labrador dog
Labradors are familiar and very affectionate dogs, so we always recommend that they live with us, that is, inside the home. Or if they live outside, they at least always have free access to the interior of the home.
It is highly recommended to play with them daily, in this way we will strengthen our affectionate bonds while feeling useful and loved. Walk with them and educate them using training techniques Based on positive reinforcement is also an excellent option.
During the warmer months we should avoid taking long walks in the hottest hours of the day, it is totally forbidden to force them to exercise or they may suffer a heat stroke (something that can even kill them).
To keep your hair clean and healthy, free of parasites, just brush them with a special comb for short-haired dogs a couple of times a week.
How to care for an elderly Labrador dog
The elderly Labrador will remain the friendly and affectionate dog you have always had, but with the difference that being older, we must take some special care with him.
At the feeding level we should look for a low-fat feed and specific for “senior” dogs since they contain a greater amount of chondroprotectors that will help their joints.
At the level of care, we must completely forget about exercise and long walks. We just have to go for a walk always keeping the dog's rhythm and doing as many breaks as he asks.
To put it in some way, we simply have to take it out to take the air, do its things and enjoy the outdoors by greeting other dogs and people. We can play with him, but without forcing him, remember that he is an old man.
How are labrador dogs?
This dog of Canadian origin is an intelligent, kind, affable and social animal. He doesn't get along with loneliness, he likes to share with family and with other animals. It belongs to the large races, reaching a height of 56-57 centimeters at the cross.
The Labrador Retriever adapts well to the style of the family he lives with. They are very active animals, ideally they are in a house with a garden where they can play and exercise. But they can also be raised on a floor if you take him for a walk every day so he can discharge his energies and socialize.
They are very good as guide, companion and rescue dogs. In general they are very healthy, although they are prone to certain pathologies such as hip dysplasia or eye problems. The normal weight of this can is between 25 and 35 kilograms. However, they are very greedy and have a tendency to gain weight, so you have to take great care of the feeding of a labrador dog.
In a farm of farmers you can find dogs yellow, chocolate or black. There are also with gray fur, but these are not very common and are found in a few places.
Vet visits and vaccinations
When you adopt a dog, the first thing you should do is take it to the veterinarian. The specialist will do a general review to find out how your health is and apply the corresponding vaccines.
The puppy's first vaccine is placed at 45 days. The second dose at 60-75 days. Then at 3 and 6 months. Vaccinations should be repeated every year.
It is also important to deworm the dog. It is possible for puppies to be born with parasites since the mother transmits them through the placenta. In these cases it may be necessary to delay the first vaccination, since the animal will have low defenses.
The veterinarian will be in charge of doing this so that your labrador puppy grows healthy. In addition, it will give you all the necessary indications and will monitor its development to prevent diseases. You should take your dog once or twice a year to the specialist.
In general, farmers are easy to care for. Follow these basic recommendations for labrador hygiene:
- Bathe it once a month or when it is very dirty.
- Use a specific dog shampoo, never use one for humans.
- Dry the coat well after each bath so that it does not produce bad odors.
- Brush the dog's coat with a labrador dog brush a couple of times a week.
- If you want to have brighter hair, brush it daily for 5 minutes.
- Clean the ears with gauze and specific serum to prevent infections from dirt accumulation.
- They usually accumulate tartar on their teeth, to avoid this, give them rope toys, teethers and dental snacks.
Exercises and socialization
Labradors are very energetic dogs, so they need to do a lot of physical activity. Going for a walk and play will help them to spend the accumulated energy, also prevents obesity problems.
If you are going to adopt labrador retriever you should know what activities they are excited about. They like to run, so they will accompany you while you jog or ride a bike. Among his favorite games is retrieve toys. Take a ball to the park or garden and throw it to pick it up. At home you can teach him to bring the newspaper.
They also like water, so you can take it swimming once in a while.
Let him share with other pets and family members. They are very sociable and very good as pets. Educate them without yelling at them, they are very sensitive and will lose confidence in you if you do. Follow these recommendations and you will have a happy labrador dog.
These are the basic care of the labrador retriever dog. Want to know more about this breed? Continue reading our post to have more information and do not forget to share it on your social networks.