Intestinal parasites are one of the great enemies of our dogs. It is very important to prevent them and be prepared in case our best friend gets to suffer from them. In the following articles you have all the information you need about intestinal parasites in dogs. Take note!
How are worms that can affect puppies?
Earthworms that affect puppies and dogs in general can be round, which are the nematodes, and flat, which are tapeworms or cestodes. Both types of intestinal parasites they live in animal organs, usually in the intestines, but they can also be in the heart, lungs and other vital organs.
Before putting the treatment on our hairy It is very important that we know what kind of parasite we face, since not everyone responds equally to the same treatments.
What are the symptoms of worms in puppies?
Puppies have an immature immune system, so their health can get worse quickly if they have worms. The most common symptoms are:
- Hair loss
- Bulging belly
- Loss of shine in the coat
If our friend has one or more symptoms, we should take him to the vet.
How do they get it?
The feces of infested dogs are the main source of infectionNow, if we have a dog that has worms and another does not, the latter could end up ill if drastic hygiene measures are not taken, such as washing the beds daily and scrubbing the floor with hot water. Also, you have to be very careful also if there are children in the house, because they could also be infected.
Symptoms in dogs that have intestinal parasites
There are many types of internal parasites that our dog can get, although the symptoms they produce are very similar. So it is easy to detect when a dog has intestinal parasites regardless of the type of parasite.
We must be aware that the infection by parasites is evolutionary, that is, our dog may have been infected but have a small amount of worms or parasites in its intestines, which will progressively reproduce.
This means that it is possible that at first we do not appreciate significant symptoms, however over time these symptoms will increase considerably, making the dog's health problem more evident.
The main symptoms of a dog that has internal parasites are:
- Alternate or continued diarrhea
- Progressive weight loss
- Increased appetite despite losing weight
- Anal itching (the dog will lick his anus or drag his ass on the floor)
- Appearance of white dots in feces, like small rice granites
- Fever (in very advanced states)
If you appreciate any or several of these symptoms, it is very likely that your dog has some type of intestinal worm.
When and how to deworm puppies?
The puppies They must be dewormed for the first time when they are between 21 and 30 days, and again every 45 days or according to the guideline indicated by the veterinarian. To do this, we can give you an antiparasitic syrup (if you are in Spain, I may give you Telmin Unidia, which you must administer for 5 days).
With two months of age we can put a complete antiparasitic pipette, such as Stronghold or Advocate. The pipettes are bottles of about 3cm of transparent plastic inside which is the antiparasitic liquid. It has an effectiveness of one month, and they keep the animal protected from both external parasites (fleas, ticks, mites) and internal ones.
Thus, puppies can grow strong and healthy 🙂.
Types of intestinal parasites in dogs
We must not sin of naive thinking that there is only one type of intestinal parasite and that with a simple pill we can exterminate them. Actually there are many types of parasites and they not only affect the intestines, but they can expand if not treated, by other internal organs of the dog, causing even greater damage.
Nematodes in dogs, known as roundworms
They are the most common in terms of internal parasitic infection in dogs, the vast majority of puppies suffer from this type of parasite. Adult dogs also do not get rid of it, being at a general level, the most frequent parasite but at the same time the easiest to eliminate.
The round worms are of a long and round size, they lodge in the intestine of the dog propagating by means of eggs, like the majority of worms of this type. When they colonize the intestine they usually try to pass to the lungs, causing serious respiratory problems.
Cestodes in dogs, known as flat worms
It is known as cestodes to the whole family of flat worms that also install the dog's intestine to feed and reproduce, some of them are well known as for example had.
They lodge mainly in small intestine, although they tend to expand colonizing other more important organs such as the heart itself. They are characterized by having a flat, short or elongated appearance depending on the kind of cestode.
Lambias intestinalis in dogs, known as giardias
This type of intestinal parasite is also very common in dogs since its elimination is not as simple as with round or flat worms. The giardias lodge in the intestine of the dog feeding on the nutrients.
They have a great reproductive capacity so in just a few weeks our dog will show very significant symptoms, mainly due to anemia and considerable weight loss. You can get more detailed information at: Giardias in dogs.
Although these are the most common types of parasites, there are many less frequent but equally dangerous ones that can only be diagnosed by a stool and blood test in a veterinary clinic.
How do dogs get intestinal parasites?
There are many ways of contagion when our dog contracts parasites, the simple act of playing with a dog that already has parasites can be more than enough to be infected.
Although the most common form of infection is through feces, when a dog smells the feces of another dog that is already infected, it can become infected instantly. It is not necessary even to eat them or lick them, with smelling them they can be spread.
If our dog plays with the toy of a dog that has parasites, it will also be infected with parasites. The larvae of the parasites and eggs are of microscopic size in many occasions and can survive even months in the open air before infecting another dog.
A dog with parasites can not only infect other dogs if it does not receive proper treatment, but it can also infect humans. Humans generally have more powerful defenses that will protect us against parasites, but in many cases the defenses can be weak and infect us.
How to prevent and eliminate intestinal parasites in a dog: Treatments and home remedies
Keep in mind that there are many types of intestinal parasites that affect dogs and that each type of parasite requires a specific treatment. This means that there is no treatment to eliminate any type of parasite, but first we must go to the veterinarian, know what type of parasite our dog has and depending on that apply the corresponding treatment.
Puppies with parasites cannot be treated the same as adult dogs, they need a much milder and more specific treatment because of their young age and their developing immune system. Never treat a puppy with the same medication as an adult dog. You can learn more at: How to deworm a puppy dog.
Once the veterinarian has identified the type of intestinal parasite our dog has, he will give us adequate medication to eliminate it. Some treatments last just a few days while others, such as giardias, have treatments of several weeks.
The best way to prevent our dog from having intestinal parasites is prevention, there are pills that are sold in veterinary clinics which are administered once every three months to the dog.
With these pills, our dog will be protected against a wide range of common parasites, such as fat worms and / or planes. However, there is no real protection against giardias and other types of parasites, so we must always be vigilant if we observe the symptoms mentioned.
The home remedies that usually apply to eliminate parasites in dogs are not really very effective, so we simply do not recommend them. Although we leave them exposed in case they are of your interest.
Why don't we recommend the use of home remedies for intestinal parasites in dogs?
Because they are not effective, they only work as preventive and not very effectively. Products that are used as home remedies for intestinal parasites in dogs can be as harmful as they are beneficial.
If we do not administer the proper dose we can even poison the dog, so it is really not worth playing our dog's health for saving us a visit to the veterinarian.
Natural dewormers, "Dog Friendly"
The starting point to prevent and treat intestinal parasites is always a healthy immune system A balanced intestinal environment prevents diseases, including parasitic infestations. Recent research has linked intestinal bacteria with many health problems, and the type and balance of bacteria in the intestines can actually influence the life of intestinal parasites. Avoiding commercial processed antibiotics and food products - and adding dietary probiotics such as Lactobacillus sporogenes - You will help maintain the delicate ecosystem in your dog's intestine, making it less habitable for parasites.
When administered with moderation, Garlic can boost the immune system and help fight intestinal worms and giardias. A recent scientific study showed that garlic is as effective as ivermectin, a veterinary antiparasitic. (Ayaz et Al-, Recent Pat Antiinfect Drug Discov. 2008 Jun). Administer according to your dog's weight, from half a tooth to two teeth daily.
Fruits and vegetables
Adding some of the following fresh vegetables to your dog's diet can also make your dog's digestive tract less attractive to parasites: raw grated carrots, fennel, grated coconut and papaya.
Raw, organic pumpkin seeds can help prevent or expel intestinal worms. You can give them to your dog as prizes or grind them and mix them in their food dish. Give one teaspoon per ten pounds of your dog's weight (4.5 kg).
This herb can be useful for preventing and expelling both roundworms (ascarids) and tricocephalus.
Oregon grape (mahonia)
This herb is not only antiparasitic, but it is also a very effective antibiotic and is tonic for the liver. The Oregon grape is administered as an extract, using 12 drops per 20 pounds (9kg) of the animal's weight. The Oregon grape also works against giardia. This remedy should not be used in dogs with liver disease or in pregnant females.
Black Walnut (extract)
This remedy can help expel intestinal worms and also treat dirofilariasis (dirofilarias, parasites of the heart). Although it is healthier than conventional veterinary antiparasitic drugs, black walnut can be toxic in dogs if given in an incorrect dose. Black walnut could be the best option after observing the failure in the previous options ... but it is important to note that If pumpkin seed and garlic don't help your dog keep parasites at bay, you have to reflect on your dog's intestinal health. In this case, it is best to rebalance your immune system. and seek the professionalism of a holistic veteran before using black walnut. Strong tannins and black walnut alkaloids can cause vomiting, diarrhea and gastritis.
Artemisia - Sweet Wormwood
This classically useful plant against parasites works on all types of intestinal worms including tapeworms. As in black walnut, wormwood tannins can be very strong for your dog and irritants for your liver and kidneys. The FDA lists wormwood (artemisia) as unsafe for internal employment. It should never be used in dogs suffering from epilepsy (seizures), kidney problems or liver disease. Nor should it occur in lactating or pregnant females. Artemisia (wormwood) should be administered only for a few days and preferably with the support of a holistic veterinarian.
If you had to resort to Oregon grapes, black walnut, or artemisia, it is important that you understand that They can be strong for the liver. Administering milk thistle at the same time can help protect the liver from its toxic effects. Milk thistle can be administered as an extract, in capsules or as an infusion.
Information translated from Dogs Naturally Magazine. We appreciate the support and permission of Dana Scott to be able to disseminate in Spanish information as useful as you are writing in this interesting Anglo-Saxon magazine about natural therapies for dogs.
Notice: The information presented on this website does not equal the specific veterinary advice and is not a substitute for professional veterinary treatment or diagnosis.
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Common intestinal parasites in dogs
exist various types of intestinal parasites in dogs, commonly known as worms or intestinal worms. The ones we can find most often in our furry companions are the Dipylidum caninum, also known as the had or lonely dog, the Toxocara canis and the Toxocara vulpis, the Ancylostoma caninum and the Echinococcus granulosus. Normally the dogs with more facility to contract them are the puppies and those that live in the field, but still being adults or living in a city our faithful friends can be infected with these unwanted guests.
To know if your dog has worms or worms, you must look at a series of symptoms and behaviors:
- Worms, eggs, larvae or chunks in feces
- Prominent and swollen abdomen all the time
- Significant weight loss
- Vomiting and diarrhea
- Pain in the abdominal area when touched
- Blood in the stool
- Loss of hair quality
- Itching in the anal area and, therefore, try to constantly bite and drag that area on the floor
If you observe any of these symptoms in your dog in addition to offering any treatment or home remedy, you should take it to the veterinarian for a review and thus ensure that nothing more serious happens or, as appropriate, see how far they have affected health of the dog intestinal parasites.
Home remedies for worms in dogs
There are many natural remedies that we can do ne home to help our dog prevent and eliminate parasites from its digestive system. Pay attention to the following home remedies for dog worms and you will see how these will disappear soon:
Garlic is a natural element with a great antibiotic and antiparasitic power but, as is known, it is toxic for dogs because it can cause severe anemia and, therefore, you should be careful with the dose you give when you use garlic To deworm dogs. To avoid harming your dog with garlic but helping to eliminate worms, you should use a single clove of garlic and add it crushed in the meals of your dog.
The grape is a fruit forbidden for dogs but, again as in the case of garlic, it depends on the doses we give our dog we will help against parasites or cause a health problem. Therefore, it is recommended that you only give 12 drops at most for every 9 kg of Oregon grape weight that you can easily find in herbalists. It is important to note that this home remedy should be avoided in dogs with liver problems and in dogs during pregnancy.
These raw seeds are a very effective natural anthelmintic. You must grind the raw pumpkin seeds and add a small spoonful for every 5 kg of your dog's weight in your dog's meals, if it weighs less you must add less quantity than a small spoonful. Regarding giving pumpkin seeds to your dog you should not worry, since they are precisely one of the good foods for the dog's hair.
Areca or betel palm seeds
The seeds of this plant in addition to being a strong antiparasitic will help the dog to reduce the symptoms caused by the problem at the stomach level such as vomiting and diarrhea. To be effective you must give the dog 2 grams of seeds in their meals, 3 times a day for a week. It is better to administer them spaced apart in 3 meals and not all of them at once in a single meal since this way we make sure that the dog does not feel bad and that they are as effective as possible.
Sweet Wormwood or Artemis
Artemis or sweet wormwood is a plant that works very well to eradicate all types of intestinal worms in dogs, but it can be very irritating to your body so it will be preferable to be administered according to a veterinarian's guideline. However, the dose that is usually given, depending on whether the dog is smaller or larger, is between 10 and 15 drops of the extract of this plant 3 times a day, that is, every 8 hours.
Pineapple contains enzymes that fight intestinal worms quickly and permanently. It is good that you give your dog a little pineapple when you want to eliminate a worm infestation but, as in most cases, try not to give too much because it can sit badly and cause other health problems. With a few pieces of pineapple a day will be more than enough or else, you can add the juice of this fruit in your meals.
The gentian or Gentiana Lutea, also known as St. Ladislao's weed, thanks to its anti-inflammatory and antiseptic properties it is fantastic for strengthening the digestive system and for purifying the blood, for this reason, it is a good option to internally deworm our dog. The part of the plant that is best used for this purpose is the root, which you can find in powder in herbalists. Boil water and add a tablespoon of gentian root powder, with 5 minutes of cooking will suffice. We must offer this infusion to our hairy 2 times a day for 7 days.
The black walnut extract is very potent due to the tannins it contains, a very bitter and irritating substance, so it will not only eradicate the intestinal parasites of our furry companion effectively, but if a high dose is given to the dog it can cause problems of health such as diarrhea, vomiting and gastritis. Therefore, it is advisable to use this option in severe cases of parasitic infestation and always under the advice of a veterinarian, administering to our dog the dose that the specialist indicates in each case.
All these treatments should be administered to the dog the days that are necessary until you have symptoms of worm infestation. But we must be careful and before the slightest warning or discomfort in our dog, we have to go to the vet immediately. You can join some of these natural products and give them at meals to your dog to achieve a greater effect, but you should try not to overdo it.
Prevention against intestinal worms in dogs
These natural remedies serve to rid our furry companion of internal parasitic infestations, but if we give these preparations once a month or every two months, we will help prevent worms. In any case, if we decide to use them in a preventive way, it is preferable that it be done in support of the veterinary treatment indicated as antiparasitic.
Deworming in dogs both internally and externally should start from puppies and the first time we give them anthelmintic treatment will have to be in their first week of life and in the exact doses indicated by our trusted veterinarian. After the first dose, the dose must be repeated every 2 weeks until the child reaches 3 months of age and, from there and for the rest of his life, he has to give the treatment every 3 months and ensure that the dog is always well free of worms and other parasites before vaccinations so that they are really effective and so that there are no other health problems arising from this condition. Remember that you can always use these home remedies for dog worms to keep intestinal worms at bay or to support veterinary treatment every 3 months.
This article is purely informative, at ExpertAnimal.com we have no power to prescribe veterinary treatments or make any kind of diagnosis. We invite you to take your pet to the veterinarian in case he presents any type of condition or discomfort.
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